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Quarterly Livestock Surveys

Slaughter of cattle increases, and slaughter of chickens and of hogs and pigs decreases in Q1 2024

Section: Economic Statistics | Igor Ferreira

May 09, 2024 09h00 AM | Last Updated: May 09, 2024 08h18 PM

Slaughter of cattle increased by 24.1% in Q1 this year and by 0.9% from the last semester of 2023 - Photo: Licia Rubinstein

According to the preliminary results of Statistics of Livestock Production, released today (9) by the IBGE, slaughter of cattle increased by 24.1% and that of chickens and of hogs and pigs dropped by 1.3% and 1.8%, respectively, against the same period a year ago. Against Q4 2023, slaughter of cattle increased by 0.9%, that of chickens increased by 4.0% and slaughter of hogs and pigs dropped by 1.6%. The complete results and the data for the Federation Units will be released on June 6.

The first results show that the total head of cattle slaughtered in Q1 this year amounted to 9.24 million. Slaughter of chickens amounted to 1.59 billion head and slaughter of hogs and pigs reached 13.92 million.

Considering the total head of cattle slaughtered, the preliminary result represents a production of 2.38 million tonnes of carcasses, an increase of 23.6% from the same period in 2023 and a drop of 2.1% from Q4 2023. As for slaughter of hogs and pigs, the cumulative weight of carcasses reached 1.28 million tonnes, with drops of 1.0% against Q1 2023 and of 1.6% against Q4 in the same year.

The cumulative weight of chicken carcasses was 3.36 million tonnes in Q1 this year, with drops of 2.7% from Q1 2023 and of 5.4% from the immediately previous quarter.

The acquisition of raw milk by establishments under some kind of sanitary inspection (federal, state or municipal) was of 6.20 billion liters. This result represented an increase of 3.4% from the same period a year ago and a drop of 4.0% against Q4 2023.

Production of hen eggs reached 1.10 billion dozen in the first quarter of 2024. The result corresponds to increases of 6.5% againt the same period a year ago and of 4.0% against the last quarter of 2023.

The tanneries investigated in the Quarterly Survey of Leather – those in charge of at least 5,000 whole pieces of cattle rawhide per year – reported to have received 9.32 million whole cattle rawhide pieces in the first quarter of 2024. This amount represents an increase of 19.9% against the first quarter of 2023 and of 1.6% against the immediately previous quarter.

More about the survey

The survey investigates information on the number of slaughtered animals and the total weight of carcasses, by species of cattle (oxen, cows, steers and heifers), hogs and pigs, and chicken, having as collection units establishments that slaughter animals under federal, state or municipal sanitary inspection. The survey is released every quarter and data are presented every month for each quarter of the civil year.

As of the first quarter of 2018, in response to users’ needs for timely information on livestock, the IBGE started releasing "First Results" of the Quarterly Survey of Animal Slaughter for Brazil, as a provisional solution. These data are available nearly one month ahead the release of the "Complete Results”. The data can be consulted on Sidra. The next release of the complete results, relative to Q1 2024, will be on June 06, and the next release of the first results relative to Q2 2024, will be on August 13.



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