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Inflation preview

IPCA-15 accelerates to 0.53% in November

Section: Economic Statistics | Igor Ferreira

November 24, 2022 09h00 AM | Last Updated: November 25, 2022 12h43 PM

Gasoline prices rose 1.6% in November, with the biggest impact on the month's index - Photo: Helena Pontes/Agência IBGE Notícias

The preview of November inflation accelerated to 0.53%, after the index of 0.16% recorded in October. The Extended National Consumer Price Index 15 (IPCA-15), released today (24) by the IBGE, points out that the biggest impacts came from Food and beverages (0.54%) and Health and personal care (0.91%). Next comes the Transportation group, which after the fall of 0.64% seen in October, had a rise of 0.49% in November.

All groups of products and services surveyed had a positive change in November, except for Communication (0.00%), which presented stability. The IPCA-15 accumulates an increase of 5.35% in the year and 6.17% in 12 months, below the 6.85% of the previous 12 months. In November 2021, the rate was 1.17%.

The group Food and beverages increased from October (0.21%) to November (0.54%), influenced by food for consumption at home (0.60%). The increases in the prices of tomatoes (17.79%), onions (13.79%) and potatoes (8.99%) were the most significant. There was also a 3.49% rise in fruit prices. On the side of the drops, long life milk, whose prices had already retreated in October (-9.91%), had a new fall (-6.28%).

Food away from home changed by a similar level (0.40%) to that seen in the previous month (0.37%), with meals increasing by 0.36%, while snacks increased by 0.54%. In October, increases were 0.44% and 0.23%, respectively. In the group Health and personal care (0.91%), the highlights were personal hygiene items (1.76%), mainly skin products (6.68%) and health plans (1.21%).

In Transportation (0.49%), fuels (2.04%) returned to a positive change after five consecutive months of declines. If in October gasoline prices dropped by 5.92%, in November they rose by 1.67%, contributing with the greatest individual impact to the index for the month (0.08 p.p.). Furthermore, the prices of ethanol (6.16%) and diesel fuel (0.12%) also rose. Vehicle gas (-0.98%) was the only one to present a drop among the surveyed fuels.

Also in Transportation, the prices of airfares fell 9.48% in November. In the previous month, they had risen by 28.17%. For this reason, airfares contributed with the strongest negative impact on the index in November. Shareriding apps (-1.04%) and used cars (-0.82%) also stood out.

The acceleration of the Housing group (from 0.28% in October to 0.48% in November) is mainly the result of increases in residential rent (0.83%) and electricity (0.44%). With regard to electrical energy, changes by areas ranged from -0.63% in Belém to 7.44% in Brasília, where there was a 21.54% rise in tariffs for low voltage residential customers, starting on November 3rd. Increases of 5.35% were also registered in Goiânia (4.27%), as of October 22nd, and of 2.07% in one of the concessionaires in São Paulo (-0.38%), in force since October.

In the Communication group (0.00%), there was an increase in landline telephony (2.40%) and streaming services (3.09%). On the other hand, there was a decrease in the price of telephone sets (-0.35%) and mobile phone combos (-0.99%).

In relation to the regional indices, this month the prices of all the surveyed areas had positive changes. The biggest ones occurred in Recife (0.78%), where there was a 4.97% rise in gasoline prices (4.97%), and in Brasília (0.78%), where the increase was in electricity (7 .44%). The smallest change was registered in Curitiba (0.11%), due to the decrease in meat prices (-3.05%) and airfare (-8.27%).

More about the survey

The IPCA-15 differs from the IPCA, the country's official inflation, only in the collection period and geographic scope. To calculate the IPCA-15, prices were collected in the period from October 14 to November 14, 2022 (reference) and compared with those in effect from September 15 to October 13, 2022 (base).

The IPCA-15 refers to families with incomes of 1 to 40 minimum wages, whatever the source, residing in the Metropolitan Areas of Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, in addition to the Federal District and the municipality of Goiânia. For the complete results, please access IBGE’s automatic recovery system, Sidra.

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