Agricutural production

Cattle slaughter retreats, pigs and hogs and chicken increases in Q1

Section: Economic Statistics | Alerrandre Barros

May 14, 2020 09h00 AM | Last Updated: May 14, 2020 12h50 PM

Cattle slaughter could have been the smallest one in eight years - Photo: Licia Rubinstein/IBGE News Agency

According to the preliminary results of the Statistics of Livestock Production, released today (14) by the IBGE, cattle slaughter fell 9.2% and that of pigs and hogs and chicken rose 5.0% and 4.8%, respectively, in the first quarter of 2020, compared with the same period of the previous year.

The retreat in cattle slaughter was even higher (10.8%) in relation to the last quarter a year ago. Pigs and hogs slaughter also dropped (-0.2%), whereas that of chicken increased 2.5% in the same comparison.

The definitive data of this survey, including the regional results, will be published on June 10. If the results now released are confirmed, the number of cattle head (7.20 million) will be the lowest one since 2012 in the annual comparison. The slaughter of pigs and hogs and chicken, however, would have reached new records for a first quarter, with 11.87 million and 1.51 billion head, respectively.

Of the total number of cattle slaughtered in the first quarter this year, the preliminary result points out a production of 1.82 million tonnes of carcasses, a drop of 6.5% in relation to the same period in 2019 and of 12.8% compared with the last quarter that year.

In regard to pigs and hogs, the cumulative weight of the carcasses hit 1.06 million tonnes, a rise of 7.5% over the first quarter last year. This result also represents an increase of 0.6% compared with the fourth quarter of 2019.

On the other hand, the weight of the chicken carcasses was 3.47 million tonnes of carcasses. It increased 3.3% in the annual comparison and 2.0% over the last quarter of 2019.

Milk and eggs also increased

The acquisition of raw milk by establishments under municipal, state or federal sanitary inspection was 6.30 billion liters in the first quarter of 2020, a rise of 1.4% in relation to the same period last year. However, it dropped 5.2% against the fourth quarter of 2019.

The production of hen eggs reached 960.61 million dozens, which corresponds to a growth of 3.4% in the annual comparison and a drop of 2.5% in the quarterly one.

If these results are confirmed, the production of eggs and milk should also be a record for a first quarter.

The survey also shows that the tanning houses that work with at least five thousand raw hide pieces per year received 7.44 million pieces in the first quarter this year. This amount was 12.2% smaller compared with the same period in 2019 and 5.7% smaller than that registered in the last quarter of the year.