Herds and value of products of animal origin hit record in 2022
September 21, 2023 10h00 AM | Last Updated: September 22, 2023 01h52 PM
- The production value of all products of animal origin surveyed by the 2022 Municipal Livestock Survey reached R$116.3 billion, and 7.4% (or R$8.6 billion) of this value came from aquaculture. Compared to the previous year, the increase was 17.5%.
- Milk accounted for 68.8% of the production value of R$116.3 billion, or R$80.0 billion. Cow's milk production fell 1.6% in the year, reaching 34.6 billion liters. The leadership remains with Castro (PR), with 426.6 million liters.
- With an increase of 4.3%, the country's cattle herd broke a record in the time series, which began in 1974, and reached 234.4 million heads of cattle. The municipality of São Felix do Xingu (PA) had the largest cattle herd in the country (2.5 million head).
- The herd of hogs and pigs grew 4.3%, reaching a record 44.4 million animals. More than half of this herd is in the South Region (23 million). The municipality with the largest herd is Toledo (PR), with 909.9 thousand head.
- Chicken egg production grew 1.3% and reached a new record, with 4.9 billion dozen. The municipality of Santa Maria de Jetibá (ES) leads, with 318.6 million dozens.
- Honey production increased by 9.5% annually, reaching a record of 61.0 thousand tonnes.
- The leading municipality was Arapoti (PR), with 991.7 tonnes of honey.
- Fish production reached the highest level in the series, with 617.3 thousand tonnes and R$5.7 billion in production value. Nova Aurora (PR) maintains the leadership, with 24.4 thousand tonnes, or 4.0% of national production.
- Tilapia is the leading species in fish farming, representing 60.8% (R$3.5 billion) of the value of fish production. The largest tilapia producer was Nova Aurora (PR), with 24.4 thousand tonnes and R$190.0 million in production value.
In 2022, the cattle herd grew for the fourth consecutive year and reached a new record in the time series, according to the Municipal Livestock Survey (PPM), released today (21) by the IBGE. Growth of 4.3% brought the number of heads to 234.4 million.
“Cattle production has been increasing since 2019, due to good prices for arroba and live calves. There was a process of retaining females for reproduction, due to more attractive prices. We still have in 2022, a consequence of this behavior that began at the end of 2019. But the expectation is that the rise in prices will have ended in 2022, when we also observe an increase in the slaughter of females”, points out Mariana Oliveira, analyst at PPM .
All animal herds showed growth, with the exception of quails (-8.2%). Cattle herds, as well as that of hogs and pigs increased by 4.3% each; that of buffaloes, 3.0%; horses, 0.9%; goats, 3.9%; sheep, 4.7%; poultry, 3.8%; and chickens, 2.4%. There was also a record in the production of honey, which grew 9.5%, and hen eggs with an increase of 1.3%.
“With a weakened domestic demand and reduced purchasing power of the population, the export of livestock products, especially meat, was the alternative adopted to make production flow. Exports reached a record and China has strengthened its position as an important market for meat: chicken, pork or beef”, analyzes Mariana Oliveira.
Cattle grew in all Major Regions in 2022
Cattle herds grew in all Major Regions in 2022. Mato Grosso leads with 34.2 million head, or 14.6% of the national herd. Next comes Pará (10.6%), surpassing Goiás (10.4%). In the municipal ranking, São Félix do Xingu (PA) maintained its leadership, reaching 2.5 million head.
Value of livestock production grows 17.5% and reaches R$116.3 billion
The production value of all livestock products investigated in the survey, including those from aquaculture, reached R$116.3 billion, meaning an increase of 17.5%. Milk production accounted for 68.8% of this value, followed by hen egg production (22.4%). In the municipal ranking, considering the six main products (milk, hen eggs, quail eggs, honey, wool and silkworm cocoons), Santa Maria de Jetibá (ES) presented the highest production value, with R$ 1.6 billion, of which 95.0% comes from the trade of hen eggs, a product with which it leads the ranking. Castro (PR) took second place with R$1.2 billion, 98.7% coming from milk production. Bastos (SP) closes the TOP3, being the second largest national producer of hen eggs.