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Agricultural production

Driven by corn, harvest estimate in September indicates a record production of 261.9 million tonnes

Section: Economic Statistics | Vinícius Britto

October 06, 2022 09h00 AM | Last Updated: October 06, 2022 10h35 PM

With an increase of 35.5% in corn 2nd crop, production is gradually recovering from climate effects in 2021 - Photo: Licia Rubinstein/IBGE News Agency

According to the September estimate of the Systematic Survey of Agricultural Production (LSPA), released today (6) by the IBGE, the national harvest of cereals, legumes and oilseeds must reach 261.9 million tonnes in 2022. The result is a new record in the time series that started in 1975, an represents an increase of 3.4% or 8.7 million tonnes against 2021.

“Corn is the main product driving the result upwards, mainly corn 2nd crop, which recorded an increase of 35.5% from the previous year. Production has been recovering from climate-related problems registered in 2021, such as the lack of rain. This recovery helps explain the result of 2022. Besides, the area for crop 2nd crop recorded increase, driven by the good prices producers have obtained in the last few years,” says the IBGE’s agriculture department manager, Carlos Alfredo Guedes.

The estimate for this year’s harvest indicates increase in four Major Regions. Central-West (11.4%), North (11.0%), Southeast (10.8%) and Northeast (10.3%). In the South, the estimate is of a 14.6% decrease.

Mr. Guedes explains how wheather conditions had an impact on the results released. “The lack of rain, caused by the phenomenon La Niña, affected the South Region and the state of Mato Grosso do Sul most severely. Goiás and Mato Grosso were not affected, on the other hand. So, the Central West is very representative in terms of grain production, with an increase of 11.4%.”

Production of wheat hits record figure

The output estimate for wheat was 9.6 million tonnes, with a decrease of 0.9% against the previous month and an increase of 23% in relation to 2021. “Wheat is a product whose production is not self-sustainable. We consume about 12 or 13 million metric tons, so we still need to import wheat, but much less than in preceding years. An output of 9.6 million metric tons is a record in Brazil. Ukraine and Russia are two major exporters of wheat and, because of the war, prices are higher. Produces, aware of these better prices, expanded planting areas her in the country,” says the manager.

The Brazilian production estimate of coffee for 2022 was 3.1 million tonnes, or 52.3 million 60-kg sacks, considering both coffea canephora and coffea arabica, with a decrease of 2.7% against the previous month and an increase of 6.6% against the previous year.

“The output of coffea arabica should have increase more this year as a result of the positive biennial production of the crop. That was not observed since last year winter was extremely cold, and there were frosts in colder coffee-producing areas. That caused the production potential for the 2022 harvest to be reduced,” says the survey manager Carlos Barradas.

The main commodity in Brazil, soybeans remained at 119.5 million tonnes, an estimate that represents a monthly increase of 0.6%, with a decrease of 11.4% against the output in the previous year, with a decrease of 15.6% in average yield. “Although harvested area has increased 4.9%, climate problems led to a sharp decline of soybean production in 2022,” Mr. Barradas says.

Central West Region is responsible for almost half of the national production

Among the Major Regions, the volume of production of cereals, legumes and oilseeds had the following distribution: Central-West, 129.8 million tonnes (49.6%); South, 65.1 million tonnes (24.8%); Southeast, 27.6 million tonnes (10.6%); Northeast, 25.4 million tonnes (9.7%) and North, 14.0 million tonnes (5.3%).

The main positive changes in the production estimate, from the previous month, came from São Paulo (412 101 t), Rondônia (262 451 t), Pará (121 327 t), Rio Grande do Sul (33 720 t), Minas Gerais (5 812 t), Espírito Santo (4 084 t), Rio de Janeiro (3 t) and Maranhão (3 t). The main negative changes were those of Paraná (-610 127 t), Ceará (-25 081 t), and Alagoas (-6 504 t).

About LSPA

Launched in November 1972 aiming at addressing the demand of users for monthly short-term statistical information, the LSPA provides estimates of planted area, harvested area, amount produced and average yield of products selected based on criteria of economic and social importance for Brazil. It not only follows up each crop investigated in the calendar year of reference, from the intention to plant up to the end of the harvest, yet also the forecast of the harvest in the coming year, for which the months of October, November and December are surveyed. Please access the data at Sidra.

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