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Enterprise Pulse Survey

Six out of ten enterprises rank effects of Covid-19 as small, null or positive in the second half of July

Section: Special Series | Carmen Nery | Design: Helga Szpiz

September 02, 2020 09h00 AM | Last Updated: September 04, 2020 08h35 PM

#PraCegoVer Pessoas caminhando no corredor de um shopping, com máscaras para se protegerem do COVID-19
For most activities, low or null effects of Covid-19 surpass negative ones - Photo: Claudio Vieira/PMSJC

A total 37.5% of the 3 million enterprises in operation in the second half of July reported negative effects of the novel coronavirus crisis on their businesses. For another 36.3%, there were small or no effects; and for 26.1%, positive ones. Most of the activities considered that small, no or positive effects prevailed. The data comes from the Enterprise Pulse Survey: impact of Covid-19 on Enterprises, released today (2), by the IBGE.

“Despite the continuity of negative effects, a highlight is the perceived improvement in comparison with preceding periods. In the second half of June, the incidence of negative effects was reported by 62.4% of the enterprises; in the first f of July, by 44.8%; and now, in the second half of July, by 37.5%. That was already expected, since, as the flexibilization process expands, enterprises generate more revenue”, Flávio Magheli, IBGE’s coordinator of Short-Term Enterprise Surveys, explains.

Perceived negative impact is higher in large-sized enterprises  (37.8%), those with more than 500 employees; and in small-sized ones, with up to 49 employees (37.6%). However, large-sized enterprises are also the ones reporting most small or no effects (41.25%).

“The services sector has faced most negative effects, whereas construction has the biggest percentage of small or no effects”, Mr.  Magheli highlights.

The pandemic has affected 42.9% out of 1.3 million services enterprises, mainly in professional, administrative and complementary services (53.8%) and services rendered to families (48%). In trade, 36.1% out of 1.2 million enterprises reported negative effects, with a highlight to trade  of vehicles, pieces and motorcycles (38.3%), and retail trade (37.8%).

In industry, 30.6% of the 334 thousand enterprises reported negative effects in this fifteen-day period; for 35.8%, there were small or no effects, and for 33.6%, positive ones.

“There has been increase of perceived improvement and of high or positive effects and small or no effects, in the segments of services and trade. By Major Region, the Southeast and South stand out,  with the highest incidence of small or no effects in the period.”

In construction, the percentage of perceived small or null effects went from 26.7% in the first half of June to 55.4% in the second half of July. In trade, small or no effects were reported by 36.5% of the enterprises, and positive ones, by 27.4%. In industry, 35.8% of the enterprises reported small or no effects; and 33.6%, positive ones; in services, the indexes were 33.6% and 23.5%.

Among the Major Regions, the North concentrates the highest incidence of enterprises perceiving positive impacts: 41.1%.The South and Southeast still hold the lowest incidence of negative effects, with, respectively, 36.7% and 33.3%, rates which, in previous periods, were above 40%. The Northeast is the Major Region where companies were more seriously affected by the novel coronavirus crisis (49.6%), followed by the Central West (44.7%).

Three out of every 10 enterprises reported sales decrease

For 34.4% of the enterprises in operation, there was perceived decrease in sales, with an improvement against the previous fifteen days (46.8%). That was perceived by 34.4% of the small-sized enterprises, 33% of the medium-sized ones and 26.4% of the large-sized enterprises.

Effects were small or null for 37.1% of the enterprises, reaching 46.6% of the large-sized ones, which were the least affected. And for 28.4% of the enterprises, there was increase in sales in the second half of July.

By sector, the perceived decrease of sales was reported by 29.5% of trade; 38.6% of services enterprises. 30.7% of industry, and 43.6% of construction enterprises. A highlight is the bigger incidence of small or no effects in the segments of industry (35.6%), trade (37.1%) and services  (38.4%).