Men earned almost 30% more than women in 2019
May 06, 2020 10h00 AM | Last Updated: May 07, 2020 05h21 PM
Men had monthly average earnings 28.7% higher than women’s in 2019, considering earnings from all jobs. While men earned R$2,555, a figure higher than the national average (R$2,308), women earned R$1,985, according to the module Earnings from All Sources of the Continuous National Household Sample Survey - Continuous PNAD, released today (6) by the IBGE.
Last year, there were 92.5 million employed persons aged 14 years or more in the Brazilian labor market, a growth of 2.6% in relation to 2018. More than a half of the working age population were made up of women (52.4%), although, men represented 56.8% of the actual working population. Part of the women cannot work due to the lack of daycare services for the children.
In all Major Regions, the male participation in employed population was higher than the female, with the North recording the lowest estimate of employed women (38.7%). Southeast (44.5%), South (43.8%) and Central-West (43.3%) recorded the highest female contribution to 2019 employment. Northeast (41.8%) had the biggest percentage advance since 2012, the beginning of the time series.
The participation in the labor market also changed according to the skin color. Last year, white persons were 44.8% of the employed population, while browns were 43.7 and blacks, 10.4%. The survey data show, however, that the participation of white persons decreased 4.1 percentage points since 2012. The occupation of blacks and browns increased 2.3 and 1.5 percentage points, respectively.
“The earnings of white persons (R$2,999) were higher than that of browns (R$1,719) and blacks (R$ 1,673). White persons had incomes 29.9% higher than national average (R$2,308), while blacks and browns earned incomes 25.5% and 27.5%, respectively, lower than national average.” describes the survey analyst, Ms. Alessandra Scalioni Brito.
Workers with higher education earn six time more
On the other hand, last year the schooling level of Brazilian workers with, at least, complete secondary education increased from 59.3% to 60.8%. Of the total employed persons, 24.6% were uneducated ot had incomplete primary education.This group was bigger (25.8%) in 2018.
In comparison with 2012, beginning of the time series, the major growth was in complete higher education, which corresponded to 14.8% of the employed persons that year, changing to 20.8% in 2019.
Uneducated persons in 2019 earned, on average, R$911, less than the minimum wage (R$998, at that moment). On the other hand, the income of persons with complete primary school or equivalent level was 61.5% higher, reaching R$1,472.
Workers with complete higher education earned, on average, R$5,108 - an income three times higher than those with complete secondary school and six times the income of those with no schooling level. “The Brazilian workers are studying more. The survey shows that higher the schooling level, the higher the income”, comments Ms. Brito.
Income in the Southeast is 61.9% higher than in the Northeast
The monthly average earnings from all jobs, excluding other sources, was of R$2,308 in 2019. While workers in Southeast, Central-West and South earned R$2,572, R$2,480 and R$2,428, North and Northeast earned R$1,687 and R$ 1,588, respectively. The difference is of 61.9% between Southeast and Northeast, two extremities.
In relation to 2018, the Northeast and South Region presented increase of 2.3% and 1,5%, respectively. On the other hand, North (6.4%) and Central-West (2.2%) had the major decreases in 2019.