Underutilization in 12 states and in the Federal District records highest result in seven years
May 16, 2019 09h00 AM | Last Updated: May 16, 2019 05h38 PM
The underutilization rate in the first quarter was the highest in the last seven years in 13 of the 27 Federation Units, with a highlight to Piauí (41.6%), Maranhão (41.1%), Acre (35%), Paraíba (34,3%), Ceará (31,9%) and Amazonas (29.2%). That group gathers unemployed persons, underemployed persons working less than 40 hours a week and persons who are available to work, but who cannot look for a job for several reasons.
Those data can be found in the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Continuous PNAD), released today by the IBGE. In the first quarter of 2019, the underutilization rate in the country was 25%, that is, 28.3 million persons, the highest figure in the series initiated in 2012.
The lowest underutilization rate were those of Santa Catarina (12.1%), Rio Grande do Sul (15.5%), Mato Grosso (16.5%), and Paraná (17.6%). Nevertheless, except for Rio Grande do Sul, in all the other states the rates were the highest in the time series.
|Underutilization rate of the labor force by FU (%) - Q1/2019|
|Rondônia||17.7||Ceará||31.9||Rio de Janeiro||20,2|
|Acre||35.0||Rio Grande do Norte||36.5||São Paulo||21.0|
|Pará||30.5||Alagoas||36.7||Rio Grande do Sul||15.5|
|Amapá||35.9||Sergipe||36.0||Mato Grosso do Sul||18.5|
|Piauí||41.6||Espírito Santo||20.5||Federal District||23.3|
|Highest rate in the series of the FU and higher than the national average|
|Highest rate in the time series of the FU|
|Source: PNAD Contínua Trimestral|
In the underutilized population by Federation Unit, the highlights were Bahia (3.3 million persons), Minas Gerais (2.9 million) and Rio de Janeiro (1.8 million).
“What calls attention is the profile of widespread underutilizatio, with a record in all the major Regions”, says Cimar Azeredo, coordinator of Labor and Income at the IBGE: “besides the rate, it is necessary to observe the underutilized population, which has reached a record figure in 15 Federation Units, covering half of the North and Northeast Regions and almost the entire Southeast, South and Central West”.
Northeat Region concentrates more than half of the discourged persons
Besides underutilization, the discouraged population, that is, the ones that have given up looking for a job, reached 4.8 million and hit a record figure in Q1. From that total, 60.4% (2.9 million) were found in the Northeast.
The underutilization rate due to insufficient working hours and unemployment was a record in the North (20.7%), Northeast (26.4%), Southeast (18.1%) and Cetral West (15.1%). The highest state rates were those of Bahia (31.1%), Amapá (30.7%), Piauí (30.5%), Sergipe (28.5%) and Maranhão (25.7%). “We have seen, once more, that the Northeast concentrates most of the rates, and that results in an unfavorable scenario in that Major region”, Cimar says.
The national unemployment rate was 12.7% in the first quarter. Among the Federation Units, Amapá recorded the highest rate, 20.2%, followed by Bahia, with 18.3%. The 14 rates above the national indicator are distributed between the North and Northeast Regions, besides Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and the Federal District.