27,7 million persons are underutilized in the country's workforce
May 17, 2018 09h00 AM | Last Updated: June 05, 2018 10h58 AM
Labor underutilization was 24.7% in the first quarter of 2018, reaching 27.7 million persons. This is the highest rate in the series started in 2012. The data are in the Quarterly Continuous Pnad, released today by the IBGE, which also shows that the discouragement also reached the highest levels of the series, with a contingent of 4.6 million persons and a rate of 4.1%.
The composite underutilization rate of the workforce aggregates unemployement, time-related unemployment and potential workforce. Discouraged persons, which are under potential workforce, comprise people who were out of the workforce for one of the following reasons: they could not find a job, or had no experience, or were very too young or old, or didn't find a job nearby - and, if they had gotten a job, they would be available to start.
IBGE's Labor and Income Coordinator, Cimar Azeredo, explains that, although the number of unemployed fell by 3.4% in relation to the first quarter of 2017, the underemployed population grew by 17.8%, and the potential workforce, 10%. "What mainly drove the underutilization rate of the workforce was the discouraged population, which went from 4.1 million to 4.6 million, an increase of 12.4 percent," he said.
According to Cimar, despite the reduction in unemployment against the first quarter of 2017, the picture is not encouraging, as "this reduction in unemployment is due to the increase in other forms of underutilization. This shows how important it is to survey those indices, especially when we know that the profile of the discouraged is focused on the low income, young, black and brown population," he says.
Among the states, Bahia had the highest rate of underutilization (40.5%) and Santa Catarina, the lowest (10.8%), in the first quarter. Alagoas recorded the highest rate of discouragement (17.0%), and Santa Catarina and Rio de Janeiro, the lowest (0.8% both). Cimar also pointed out that the underutilized population grew, in one year, 21% in Rondônia, 14% in the Federal District and 10% in Pernambuco. "In the Federal District, discouragement grew 123%," he highlighted.
In the quarter, unemployment rate increased in all Major Regions
The unemployment rate in Brazil, disclosed on April 27, was 13.1%. Regarding the fourth quarter of 2017, the unemployment rate increased in all Regions: North (from 11.3% to 12.7%), Northeast (from 13.8% to 15.9%, the highest among the five Regions), Southeast (from 12.6% to 13.8%), South (from 7.7% to 8.4%) and Central-West (from 9.4% to 10.5%). In the annual comparison, the rate fell in all regions. Amapá (21.5) and Bahia (17.9%) were the states with the highest unemployment rate. The lowest were registered in Santa Catarina (6.5%) and Mato Grosso do Sul (8.4%).
The employed population in the 1st quarter of 2018 was estimated at 90.6 million people, and was composed of 67.4% of employees, 4.8% of employers, 25.3% of self-employed and 2.5% of contributing family worker.
Cimar also pointed out that, in relation to the first quarter of 2017, the number of self-employed increased significantly in ten Federation Units. "This shows a the market is becoming precarious. Among those regions are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, states considered economically strong," he concludes. The other Federation Units that had increase were Acre, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Ceará, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul and Amazonas.
System of Cultural Information and Indicators
From 2011 to 2022, cultural sector receives more companies, but reduces its participation in the economy December 01, 2023
In one decade, the number of companies in the cultural sector increased by 3.1%, and reached 387.5 thousand in 2021. On the other hand, in the same...
IBGE hosts meeting with Portuguese-speaking and Latin-American countries and expands its international insertion November 28, 2023
Two international events held at the IBGE in Rio de Janeiro and concluded last Friday, 24, reinforce the Institute’s international role and insertion....
IBGE 90 Dialogues Meeting
Meeting of IBGE servants is concluded with establishment of 12 guidelines for the Institute’s 90th anniversary November 17, 2023
The IBGE concluded, in the afternoon of Friday, 17, the “1st IBGE 90 Dialogues Meeting”, which established 12 guidelines to be adopted by the Institute...
"The IBGE's struggle to reach those who need it the most: the average Brazilian citizen,” says minister Tebet in the IBGE Dialogues Meeting November 17, 2023
The credibility of the IBGE “is due to each demographer, each researcher, each supervisor, each director, each civil servant, working on a permanent...
Opening of the “1st IBGE 90 Dialogues Meeting” is marked by integration, exhibits, panel discussions, remembrances and artistic performances November 16, 2023
A presentation of the musical group Meu Kantinho Centro de Cultura closed the opening day of the “1st IBGE 90 Dialogues Meeting”, held in Parada...