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Territory and tradition: investigating quilombola peoples

August 28, 2017 10h00 AM | Last Updated: September 04, 2017 09h21 AM

Quilombola remaining peoples are groups that have the territory as the basis for physical, social, economic and cultural reproduction of their community. They are recognized by the 1988 Constitution as holders of collective territorial rights and are part of the group of traditional peoples and communities.

 Concerning the Brazilian traditional peoples and communities, the IBGE already works regularly with the Indian population in the Population Censuses since 1991. The 2020 Census will introduce questions to persons self-identified as quilombolas. The methodology will be eventually used to investigate other traditional peoples and communities, like rubber tappers, chestnut pickers, babaçu coconut shellers and artisan fishers, providing new pictures of this population.

 The Retratos Magazine followed up the fieldwork of the multidisciplinary team of the IBGE that was in Araruama, Armação dos Búzios and Cabo Frio, Lake Region, Rio de Janeiro, testing the questionnaire with six quilombola communities recognized by the Palmares Foundation and registered in the Single Register of the Federal Government, a national register that already includes about 5 thousand quilombola communities.

Landina Maria Antônio de Oliveira, 62 years, born and raised in the Maria Joaquina quilombo,
in the municipality of Cabo Frio.

Read more in Retratos Magazine no. 2.

Text: Marília Loschi
Photograph: Licia Rubinstein


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