Livestock production

Cattle slaughter drops in Q2; slaughter of chicken, hogs and pigs grows

Section: Economic Statistics | Caio Belandi

August 12, 2021 09h00 AM | Last Updated: August 13, 2021 12h45 PM

Slaughter of hogs and pigs accounted for 13.03 million in Q2 2021 - Photo:Ari Dias/AEN-PR

Cattle slaughter fell 4.5%, whereas the slaughter of hogs and pigs grew 7.1% and chicken slaughter increased 7.4% in the second quarter of 2021, compared to the same quarter of 2020, according to the preliminary results of the Statistics of Livestock Production, released today (August 12) by the IBGE. The complete results for the second quarter of 2021 and for the Federation Units will be released on September 10 of 2021.

According to the preliminary data, the number of slaughtered cattle head in the quarter was 7.07 million, whereas the slaughter of hogs and pigs was 13.03 million and chicken slaughter, 1.52 billion head.

Conversely, in the comparison with the first quarter of 2021, there was increase in the slaughter of cattle (7.7%) and of hogs and pigs (3.2%), whereas that of chicken fell (-3.0%).

In the second quarter of this year,  of the total cattle slaughter, preliminary results indicate the production of  1.87 million metric tons of carcasses, decrease of 1.9% compared to the same quarter of  2020 and increase of 8.6% in relation to the 1st quarter of 2021.

In relation to hogs and pigs, the cumulative weight of carcasses reached 1.22 million metric tons, which represents a high of 9.5% in relation to the 2nd quarter of 2020 and of 5.2% compared to the previous quarter.

The weight of chicken carcasses, in turn, was of 3.58 million metric tons, an increase of 10.5% in the annual comparison and reduction of 2.1% over the first quarter of 2021.

Milk acquisition down in both comparisons

The acquisition of raw milk carried out by establishments under municipal, state or federal sanitary inspection was of 5.80 billion liters in the second quarter of 2021, a 1.2% decrease over the volume recorded in Q2 2020 and an 11.5% drop compared ti the previous quarter.

Conversely, hen egg production rose (0.1%) in the annual comparison and fell compared to the previous quarter (-0.1%), totaling 977.00 million dozen.

The survey also shows that the tanneries that tan at least five thousand while units of rawhide units per year reported having received 7.51 million whole rawhide units in the second quarter of this year. This quantity represents an increase of 2.6% in comparison to Q2 2020 and of 6.2% in relation to Q1 2021.

More about the Quarterly Survey of Animal Slaughter

The survey investigates information on the number of slaughtered head and the total weight of the carcasses, by species of cattle (oxen, cows, steers and heifers), hogs and pigs, and chicken, having as collection unit establishments that slaughter animals under federal, state or municipal sanitary inspection. The release of the survey is carried out by quarters, but data are discriminated month by month for each quarter of the civil year.

As of the first quarter of 2018, in response to users’ needs for timely information on livestock, the IBGE started releasing "First Results" of the Quarterly Survey of Animal Slaughter for Brazil, as a provisional solution. Data are available nearly one month ahead the release of the "Complete Results” and can be accessed on Sidra database.