The national volume of cattle was of 214.9 million herd in 2017, representing a reduction of 1.5% over 2016. Adding up to 34.5% of the national overall, the Central-West remained leading the regions. Mato Grosso registered the highest share among the Federation Units (13.8% of the national volume). Among the municipalities, São Félix do Xingu (PA), Corumbá (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS) recorded the highest shares.
The production of milk added up to 33.5 billion liters in 2017, representing a retreat of 0.5% over 2016. Minas Gerais led the ranking, with 26.6% of the national output. Castro (PR) was the biggest producer among the municipalities. The productivity – average number of milk liters obtained in the year per head – was 1,963 liters in Brazil in 2017. The South (3,284 liters/head) posted the best average. Among the municipalities, Araras (SP), Carambeí (PR) and Castro (PR) registered the highest productivity.
Poultry added up to 1.4 billion head. Paraná (25.3%), São Paulo (14.0%) and Rio Grande do Sul (11.0%) registered the highest shares. The national production of hen eggs added up to 4.2 billion dozens in 2017, 11.6% higher than that obtained in 2016. São Paulo (26.4%) and Paraná (9.6%) were the biggest producers. The volume of quails added up to 15.5 million head, an increase of 12.0% over 2016.
The volume of hogs and pigs was of 41.1 million head, representing an expansion of 3.0% compared with 2016. Santa Catarina (19.7%), Paraná (17.2%) and Rio Grande do Sul (14.6%) were the Federation Units with the highest shares. Toledo (PR), Rio Verde (GO) and Uberlândia (MG) were the municipalities with the highest volume.
The production of fish added up to 485.2 thousand tonnes in 2017, a figure 2.6% lower than that obtained in 2016. Paraná (20.2%), São Paulo (9.8%) and Rondônia (8.2%) recorded the highest shares. Among the municipalities, Nova Aurora (PR) led the national output. Having posted 283.2 thousand tonnes, tilapia was the major species produced in Brazil, representing 58.4% of the fish farming.
The production of shrimp added up to 41.0 thousand tonnes, representing a retreat of 21.4% over 2016. Rio Grande do Norte (37.7%) and Ceará (28.9%) were the biggest producers. Aracati (CE) was the municipality with the highest share.
The production of oysters, scallops and mussels was of 20.9 thousand tonnes in 2017, an increase of 0.5% in relation to 2016. Santa Catarina (98.1% of the national output) was the major producer and Palhoça (SC), Florianópolis (SC) and Bombinhas (SC) were the municipalities with the highest shares.
The Northeast Region housed 93.2% of the goat herd and 64.2% of the sheep herd in 2017, highlighted by Bahia. The production of wool was nearly concentrated in the South Region, highlighted by Rio Grande do Sul, which accounted for 94.1% of the national overall.
The production of honey was of 41.6 thousand tonnes in 2017, representing an increase of 5.0% over 2016.
These results are part of the 2017 Municipal Livestock Production Survey - PPM. The publication and support materials of the survey are on this page.
Central-West concentrates 34.5% of cattle herd and Mato Grosso leads FUs
The volume of cattle in Brazil was 214.9 million herd in 2017, representing a drop of 1.5% in relation to 2016, which was the record year of the time series, started in 1974. The year was marked by the increased slaughtering of matrices, influenced by the low prices of the calves and of the arroba.
The Central-West Region housed 74.1 million head, accounting for 34.5% of the national overall in 2017, followed by the North (22.6%), Southeast (17.5%), Northeast (12.9%) and South (12.6%). Mato Grosso remained as the biggest producer among the FUs (13.8% of the national overall). Among the municipalities, São Félix do Xingu (PA), Corumbá (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS) recorded the highest shares.
North Region experiences expansion of 28.0% in cattle herd over the last ten years
Owning the second largest volume of cattle herd, the North Region remained growing, being the only one to increase in 2017 (1.0% over 2016). Between 2007 and 2017, the cattle herd rose 28.0%, the biggest change among the regions in this period.
Among the ten municipalities that mostly expanded their herd in absolute figures in the last ten years, seven of them were located in Pará. Of the 20 municipalities with the largest volumes of cattle in 2017, 11 were in the Central-West and nine, in the North. Leader in national volume in 2017, São Félix do Xingu (PA) increased its herd by 23.6% over the last ten years. In 2010, this municipality surpassed Corumbá (MS) in the municipal ranking.
Hogs and pigs herd increases 3.0%, a record in Brazil in 2017
The national herd of hogs and pigs rose 3.0% in 2017 over 2016, adding up to 41.1 million head, the highest figure in the time series of the survey, started in 1974. The South Region concentrated the highest volume, accounting for 51.0% of the national overall, followed by the Southeast (16.8), Central-West (15.1%), Northeast (13.2%) and North (3.8%).
Of the national herd of hogs and pigs, 11.5% were matrices (breeding females). Of this total, 41.5% were concentrated in the South Region, distributed as follows: Santa Catarina (16.1%), Paraná (13.4%) and Rio Grande do Sul (12.0%). Among the municipalities, Toledo (PR), Rio Verde (GO) and Uberlândia (MG) led the rankings of hogs and pigs and matrices of hogs and pigs.
Paraná concentrates 25.3% of volume of poultry
Having increased 6.0% over 2016, the volume of poultry was 1.4 billion head in 2017, the highest one in the time series of the survey, started in 1974. The South Region accounted for 47.1%, followed by the Southeast (26.1%). Paraná alone housed 25.3% of the national volume. The other highlights were: São Paulo (14.0%), Rio Grande do Sul (11.0%) and Santa Catarina (10.8%). These last two ones reversed positions between 2016 and 2017.
The volume of hens added up to 242.8 million head, an increase of 11.4% in relation to 2016. Having increased more than 10% over 2016, the Southeast (38.7%) and South (26.0%) recorded the highest shares in the national overall. Among the FUs, São Paulo led them, accounting for 21.9%, followed by Paraná (10.1%), Rio Grande do Sul (8.8%), Minas Gerais (8.7%) and Espírito Santo (7.9%).
Santa Maria de Jetibá (ES) was the municipality that posted the highest volume of poultry and, for the first time ever, of hens. Bastos (SP) ranked in the second position, also in both volumes. The third highest municipal volume of poultry was reported in Nova Mutum (MT), whereas that of hens was reported in Itanhandu (MG).
Northeast houses 93.2% of goat herd and 64.2% of sheep herd
The Northeast Region housed 93.2% of the goat herd and 64.2% of the sheep herd in 2017. The raising of these species is of great economic and social importance in the Northeast, where the volume increased in the last years. This contingent stood out in Bahia, which concentrated 30.9% of the volume of goats and 20.9% of the volume of sheep in Brazil. Casa Nova (BA) led the municipal ranking with the biggest volume of both species.
The activity of sheep shearing, on its turn, prevailed in the South Region, which accounted for 99.0% of the production of wool in Brazil in 2017. Rio Grande do Sul remained the state with the highest national share, accounting for 94.1% of the total. The municipalities of Santana do Livramento, Alegrete and Quaraí, all of them in Rio Grande do Sul, led this activity.
|Volume of herd (Head) - Brazil and Major Regions - 2017|
|Hogs and pigs- total||41,099,460||1,581,433||5,445,150||6,884,430||20,970,570||6,217,877|
|Hogs and pigs- pig matrices||4,744,876||328,595||1,054,586||709,983||1,969,461||682,251|
|Poultry - hens||242,767,457||11,865,593||43,505,925||94,016,660||63,232,957||30,146,322|
|Source: IBGE - Pesquisa da Pecuária Municipal|
Southeast leads production of milk and South registers best productivity
The national output of milk was of 33.5 billion liters in 2017, a decline of 0.5% over 2016. The South (35.7%) and Southeast (34.2%) Regions recorded the biggest shares. Accounting for 26.6% of the national overall, Minas Gerais was the biggest producer among the states, also leading the volume of milked cows (20.0%). Among the municipalities, Castro (PR) led with 264.0 million liters produced, a difference of more than 70 million liters to the second placed, Patos de Minas, which produced 191.3 million.
The comparison between the data of the PPM and of the Quarterly Production of Milk pointed out that 72.7% of the milk produced in Brazil underwent sanitary inspection.
Concerning the number of milked cows, the Southeast Region led with a national share of 30.4%. With a share of 21.4%, the South registered the highest productivity, i.e., a higher average number of liters in the year per head. The Southeast recorded 2,209 liters and the South, 3,284 liters. The national average was of 1,963 liters in 2017, representing an expansion of 14.7% over 2016. Among the municipalities, Araras (SP), Carambeí (PR) and Castro (PR) registered the highest productivity.
The national average price of milk stayed at R$1.1/liter in 2017, a drop of 5.6% in relation to 2016, a year that posted the highest value in the time series, mainly caused by the dropping output and competition for the product in the industry. The value of production generated by this activity in the year was of R$37.1 billion.
Production of hen eggs grows 11.6% in 2017
The national output of hen eggs was 4.2 billion dozens in 2017, 11.6% higher than that obtained in 2016, generating a revenue of R$13.5 billion. It should be highlighted that the 2017 Census of Agriculture pinpointed new poultry farms with great capacity of housing and producing eggs, thus increasing the IBGE estimates.
The Southeast Region (44.8% of the national overall) was the biggest producer, followed by the South (24.1%). São Paulo (26.4% of the production) led among the FUs, followed by Paraná (9.6%). Among the municipalities, Santa Maria de Jetibá (ES) became the major producer, a position occupied by Bastos (SP) up to 2016. Bastos (SP) now ranked in the second position, followed by Primavera do Leste (MT).
|Animal production - Brazil and Major Regions - 2017|
|Milk (Thousand liters)||33,490,810||2,186,840||3,895,997||11,448,924||11,969,898||3,989,151|
|Hen eggs (Thousand dozens)||4,245,284||150,253||683,299||1,900,047||1,021,985||489,700|
|Quail eggs (Thousand dozens)||290,820||1,493||30,852||190,486||55,467||12,522|
|Bee´s honey (Kilograms)||41,594,020||802,915||12,757,597||9,500,397||16,496,465||2,036,646|
|Silkworm cocoons (Kilograms)||3,035,258||-||-||392,084||2,495,601||147,573|
|Source: IBGE - Pesquisa da Pecuária Municipal|
Production of honey grows 5% and takes place in 3,879 municipalities
41.6 thousand tonnes of bee's honey were produced in 3,879 municipalities in 2017, an increase of 5.0% over the previous year, registering the second highest value in the time series started in 1974 (in 2011, the total was 41.8 thousand tonnes). The production took place in 3,879 municipalities and it was estimated at R$513.9 million.
The South Region was the major producer of honey, accounting for 39.7% of the national overall. Favored by the increase in rainfall after six consecutive years of drought, the Northeast Region also stood out, raising its share to 30.7% of the national output of honey in 2017, against 26.2% in 2016.
Among the FUs with the highest share in the national output in 2017, the highlights were: Rio Grande do Sul (15.2%), Paraná (14.3%), Minas Gerais (10.9%), Piauí (10.6%) and Santa Catarina (10.2%). Among the municipalities, Ortigueira (PR), Itatinga (SP) and Campo Alegre de Lourdes (BA) led the ranking.
Santa Maria de Jetibá (ES), Bastos (SP) and Castro (PR) lead in value of production
Among the products investigated by the survey – except for the production of the aquaculture –, hen eggs and cow milk stood out in terms of value of production in 2017. Santa Maria de Jetibá (ES) recorded the highest value of production among all the municipalities, with R$931.3 million. Of this total, 95.3% came from the sale of hen eggs. Bastos (SP) ranked in the second place, with R$841.8 million, being 96.2% also from the sale of hen eggs. Reaching R$322.9 million, Castro (PR) ranked in the third position, being 98.1% from the sale of cow milk.
Fish farming declines 2.6%, yet increases in Northeast, South and Central-West
The production from fish farming in Brazil added up to 485.2 thousand tonnes in 2017, representing a drop of 2.6% over 2016. The output increased in the Northeast, South and Central-West Regions and fell in the North Region, leader until last year.
Paraná became the new leader among the FUs, after a significant increase in harvesting, especially in the west of the state, where this activity has been stimulated by structural factors. São Paulo, Rondônia and Mato Grosso came next to Paraná. Nova Aurora (PR) was the major producing municipality, followed by Aparecida do Taboado (MS), Glória (BA) and Morada Nova de Minas (MG).
Tilapia is major fish species raised in Brazil
Tilapia remained the major species raised in Brazil in 2017, now representing more than half of the total from fish farming: 58.4%. The South Region remained as the major producer of tilapia with 42.0% of the national overall, followed by the Southeast and Northeast. Paraná, São Paulo and Minas Gerais were the major producing states. Among the municipalities, the leaders were: Nova Aurora (PR), Aparecida do Taboado (MS) and Glória (BA)
Having 18.2%, tambaqui remained as the second mostly raised species. Even dropping, the North Region remained as the biggest producer of this species. Among the FUs with the highest share in the overall production, the highlights were Rondônia, Maranhão and Roraima. Amajari (RR) was the municipality with the biggest output, followed by Almas (TO) and Ariquemes (RO).
Production of shrimp affected by white spot virus and drops more than 20%
The production of shrimp added up to 41.0 thousand tonnes in 2017, a retreat of 21.4% over 2016. Having produced 98.8% of the total, the Northeast Region accounted for nearly all the output in Brazil. Among the FUs, the highlights were: Rio Grande do Norte (37.7%), which became the leader of the ranking after the production in Ceará changed from 48.8% in 2016 to 28.9% in 2017.
The shrimp farming in both FUs was being affected by the white spot virus, which requires measurements that reduce the productivity and economic return of that activity. Even dropping in the municipal ranking, Aracati (CE) remained as the biggest producer, followed by Canguaretama (RN) and Arês (RN).
Santa Catarina concentrates 98.1% of the production of oysters, scallops and mussels
The production of oysters, scallops and mussels was of 20.9 thousand tonnes in 2017, an increase of 0.5% in relation t o 2016. Santa Catarina was the major producing state, responsible for 98.1% of the national output. Palhoça (SC), Florianópolis (SC) and Bombinhas (SC) led the ranking of the municipalities.
| Amount produced and value of production of fishes,
according to the species and fish groups – Brazil - 2017
|Species or fish group, in descending order of amount produced||Total (Kg)||Percentage (%)||Value of production
|Tambacu and tambatinga||42,298,500||8.7||284,197||9.3|
|Spotted sorubim, cachara, cachapira, pintachara, sorubim||13,427,627||2.8||135,854||4.4|
|Pacu and patinga||13,154,260||2.7||100,164||3.3|
|Piau, piapara, piauçu and piava||3,929,871||0.8||31,525||1.0|
|Jatuarana, piabanha and piracanjuba||2,820,549||0.6||21,686||0.7|
|Source: IBGE - Pesquisa da Pecuária Municipal|