Volume of Services changes by 0.2% in June
August 10, 2023 09h00 AM | Last Updated: August 22, 2023 01h24 AM
In June 2022, volume of services in Brazil changed by 0.2% from May, in the seasonally adjusted series. As a result, the sector was 12.1% above the level of February 2020 (pre-pandemic) and 1.5% below that of December 2022 (peak of the time series).
|June 23 / May 23*||0.2||0.2|
|June 23 / June 22||4.1||5.5|
|Cumulative in January-June||4.7||9.3|
|Cumulative in the last 12 months||6.2||12.0|
|*seasonally adjusted series|
In the seasonally-unadjusted series, the volume of services grew by 4.1%, its 21st consecutive positive rate. The cumulative index in the year hit 4.7% against the same period in 2022. The cumulative rate in the last 12 months changed from 6.4% in May to 6.2% in June 2023, the lowest figure since August 2021 (5.1%).
|Dissemination Activities||Month/previous month (1)||Monthly (2)||Cumulative in the year (3)||Last 12 months (4)|
|APR||MAY||JUN||APR||MAY||JUN||JAN-APR||JAN-MAY||JAN-JUN||Up to APR||Up to MAY||Up to JUN|
|Volume of Services - Brazil||-1,6||1,4||0,2||2,8||5,0||4,1||4,8||4,9||4,7||6,8||6,4||6,2|
|1. Services rendered to families||1,1||1,0||1,9||2,8||2,4||5,8||6,7||5,8||5,8||14,5||11,8||10,2|
|1.1 Lodging and feeding services||2,6||0,0||1,5||3,4||2,3||5,9||7,1||6,1||6,1||14,5||11,7||10,1|
|1.2 Other services rendered to families||-1,1||0,5||4,4||-0,8||3,0||5,6||4,5||4,2||4,5||14,0||12,3||10,9|
|2. Information and communication services||-1,0||0,8||0,5||4,0||4,9||5,6||5,4||5,3||5,3||4,0||4,1||4,5|
|2.1 Information and communication services (TIC)||-1,2||1,4||0,6||4,4||4,7||6,2||5,8||5,5||5,6||4,4||4,5||4,9|
|2.1.2 Information technology services||-1,2||1,4||0,4||5,3||6,3||10,8||10,2||9,4||9,6||14,3||13,1||13,1|
|2.2 Audiovisual services||-4,6||4,4||-3,3||0,9||7,4||1,3||2,7||3,7||3,3||0,9||1,2||1,7|
|3. Professional administrative and complementary services||-0,5||-0,7||0,8||4,5||3,8||3,5||4,9||4,7||4,4||6,6||6,2||5,8|
|3.1 Technical-professional services||6,6||-8,6||3,3||12,4||1,6||2,8||7,7||6,4||5,8||7,3||6,9||6,3|
|3.2 Administrative and complementary services||-2,2||2,6||-0,5||0,9||5,6||3,8||4,1||4,4||4,3||6,5||6,1||5,7|
|3.2.1 Non-real estate rentals||-1,6||4,0||-0,2||14,8||20,6||14,2||24,7||23,8||22,0||29,1||27,9||25,9|
|3.2.2 Support services to business activities||-2,5||1,7||-0,3||-2,9||1,4||0,8||-1,2||-0,7||-0,4||1,1||0,7||0,7|
|4. Transportation, auxiliary services for transportation and mailing||-4,3||2,2||-0,3||2,0||7,2||4,7||5,4||5,8||5,6||10,0||9,6||9,1|
|4.1 Road transportation||-3,4||1,9||0,7||6,8||9,4||6,9||11,3||10,9||10,2||16,6||15,7||14,5|
|4.1.1 Road cargo transoprtation||-||-||-||9,6||17,5||21,0||7,4||9,5||11,5||-||-||-|
|4.1.2 Road passenger transportation||-||-||-||2,7||-1,9||-8,0||14,6||10,9||7,3||-||-||-|
|4.1.3 Other segments in road transportation||-||-||-||2,6||2,0||-8,2||7,0||6,0||3,3||-||-||-|
|4.2 Water transportation||-2,8||10,0||-7,5||8,5||15,7||4,2||11,7||12,6||11,1||12,2||12,5||11,6|
|4.3 Air transportation||-2,1||10,2||-4,1||-16,9||14,2||13,5||-7,9||-3,7||-1,2||3,8||2,9||4,2|
|4.4 Storage, auxiliary services for transportation and mailing||-6,8||-0,7||-2,3||-2,2||-1,0||-2,9||-2,1||-1,9||-2,0||0,6||0,8||0,9|
|5. Other services||-1,0||0,8||-0,4||-0,7||0,7||-1,4||0,2||0,3||0,0||-0,7||-0,3||0,0|
|5.1 Sewage, waste management, material recovery and decontamination||-||-||-||2,2||6,1||2,3||4,0||4,4||4,1||-||-||-|
|5.2 Auxiliary activities to financial services||-||-||-||-8,3||-7,5||-5,7||-5,1||-5,6||-5,6||-||-||-|
|5.3 Real estate activities||-||-||-||12,8||12,0||15,0||15,1||14,4||14,5||-||-||-|
|5.4 Other services not previously specified||-||-||-||6,8||0,4||6,6||13,5||10,5||9,8||-||-||-|
|Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Estatísticas Conjunturais em Empresas. (1) Base: immediately previous month - seasonally adjusted; (2) Base: same month of the previous year; (3) Base: same period of the previous year; (4) Base: 12 previous months.|
The positive change in volume of services (0.2%), from May to June 2023, was observed in three of the five dissemination activities, with a highlight to professional, administrative and complementary services (0.8%), which made up for part of the decrease (-1.2%) in the period April-May.
The other increases in the month came from services rendered to families (1.9%) and information and communication (0.5%), with the former having a cumulative increase of 4.1% in the period April-June and the latter recording the second increase in a row, with a cumulative increase of 1.3%. On the other hand, transportation (-0.3%) and other services (-0.4%) recorded decreaases; both made up for part of the advaces of 2.2% and 0.8%, respectively.
Also in the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index was stable (0.0%) in the quarter ended in June 2023 against the level in the previous month, after recording increases of April (0.1%) and May (0.3%). Among the sectors, also against the marginal movement, there was concentration of positive rates, since only two of the five activities advanced in the quarter ended May: services rendered to families (1.3%); and information and communication (0.1%), whereas transportation (-0.8%); other services (-0.2%); and professional, administrative and complementary services (-0.1%) recorded negative rates.
Against June 2022, the volume of services increased by 4.1%, the 28th consecutive positive rate. Four of the five activities and 59.6% of the 166 types of services investigated recorded increases. Among the sectors, transportation, support services for transportation and mailing (4.7%) accounted for the main positive contribution to the overall volume of services, due, to a great extent, to the increased revenue of: road transportation of cargo, air transportation of passengers, storage; inland transportation of cargo and maritime and port support navigation, storage.
The other advances came from information and communication (5.6%); professional, administrative and complementary services (3.5%) and services rendered to families (5.8%), which recorded increases in revenue in: portals, content providers and Internet search engines; telecommunications; development and licensing of computer programs on demand, in the first sector; and legal activities; car rental; engineering services; administration of discount cards and loyalty programs; cleaning; charging and cadastral information; and rent of machinery and equipment, in the second; and restaurants; catering services; physical conditioning activities; hotels; and theater presentations and musicals, in the last one.
The only retreat in the month was recorded by other services (-1.4%), due to the lowest earnings from auxiliary financial services; fund administration due to the lower revenue from auxiliary financial services; fund management; maintenance and repais of motor vehicecles; and health insurance and security brokers.
As for the cumulative index in the year, against the same period a year ago, the services sector expanded 4.7%, with positive rates in four out of five dissemination activities and an increase in 61.4% of the 166 types of services investigated.
Among the sectors, that of transportation, support services for transportation and mailing (5.6%) accounted for the main positive contribution to the total volume of services, driven, to a large extent, by the increase in the revenue of enterprises that work in the segments of road transportation of cargo, mass road transportation, storage, inland transportation of cargo and maritime and port support navigation.
The other advances came from information and communication (5.3%); professional, administrative and complementary services (4.4%); and services rendered to families (5.8%), which results from the increased revenue in: telecommunications, software development and licensing, consulting in information technology, data treatment, providers of application services and services of Internet hosting, in the second one; and restaurants, hotels, catering services, theater and performances, and fitness activities, in the last one; engineering services; car rental; business mediation in general; charging and cadastral activities; and travel agencies, in the second; restaurants; hotels; catering services; physical conditioning activities; and theater performances and musicals, in the third one.
On the other hand, other services (0.0%) showed stability in the first semester of the year, having as main advances the auxiliary insurance activities, complementary social security and health insurance plans; real estate activities; collection of domestic, urban and industrial non-hazardous waste, whereas the segment of financial services registered the main losses in the cumulative index this year.
Services increase in 16 of the 27 federation Units in June
In regional terms, 16 out of the 27 Federation Units expanded their volume of services in June 2020 compared with the immediately previous month, following the advance of 0.2% reported for Brazil in the seasonally-adjusted series. Among the areas that recorded positive increases in the month, São Paulo (0.3%) and Paraná (1;9%), followed by the Federal District (2;9%) and Minas Gerais (0.9%) accounted for the main negative impacts. Rio de Janeiro, on the other hand (-2.4%) accounted for the main negative contribution in the month.
Against June 2022, the increase in volume of services in Brazil (4.1%) was observed in 23 of the of the 27 Federation Units. The main positive contributions were those of Minas Gerais (11.8%), followed by Paraná (13.6%), Mato Grosso (26.6%), Santa Catarina (12.7%) and Rio Grande do Sul (7.7%). On the other hand, São Paulo (-0.6%) recorded the most relevant negative figure this month.
As for the cumulative index in the year, against the same period a year ago, the advance in volume of services in Brazil (4.7%) was widespread over the places surveyed, since 25 of the 27 Federation Units also recorded increases in real services revenue. The main positive impacts in regional terms occurred in Minas Gerais (9.2%), São Paulo (1.4%) and Rio de Janeiro (5.6%), followed by Paraná (11.8%), Santa Catarina (11.0%) and Rio Grande do Sul (7.5%). Mato Grosso do Sul (-1.1%) and Amapá (-0.9%) registered the only negative influences on the national index.
Tourism activities change by -0.4% in June
In June 2023, the index of tourism activities recorded a negative change of 0.4% against the immediately previous month, after increases in the months of April and May, a period marked by cumulative increase of 4.3%. As a result, the tourism segment is 4.9% above the level in February 2020 and 2.6% below the peak of the series, reached in February 2014.
Eight of the 12 places surveyed also recorded decrease as observed in national tourism activity (-1.0%). The negative contributions were those of Rio de Janeiro (-1.2%) and Bahia (-3.2%), followed by Goiás (-4.8%), Rio Grande do Sul (-1.9%) and Santa Catarina (-2.6%). Federal District (4.9%), on the other hand, and Pernambuco (4.3%) recorded the main advances in regional terms.
In the June 2023/June 2022 comparison, the index of volume of tourism activities in Brazil expanded 9.7%, the 27th consecutive positive rate, mainly leveraged by the increase in the revenue of enterprises that work in the sectors of air transportation of passengers, car rental, catering services, mass road transportation and travel agencies. In regional terms, nine of the 12 Federation Units in which the indicator is measured registered an advance in tourism services, highlighted by São Paulo (8.5%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (14.3%), Minas Gerais (16.6%) and Bahia (14.1%). On the other hand, Ceará (-9.3%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-3.2%) accounted for the main negative impacts this month.
As for the cumulative index between January and June 2023, the special aggregate of tourism activities recorded an increase of 8.6% against the same period a year ago, mainly due to revenue increases in companies in the sectors of car rental, restaurants, hotels, travel agencies, catering services and mass road transportation. All the 12 areas surveyed also recorded positive rates, among which the following ones stood out: São Paulo (7.6%), followed by Minas Gerais (19.1%), Rio de Janeiro (9.3%), Bahia (12.2%), Bahia (12.2%) and Paraná (12.8%).
Transportation of passengers drops 1.2% in June
In June 2023, volume of transportation of passengers in Brazil recorded a drop of 1.2% against the immediately previous month, in the seasonally-adjusted series, making up for part of the advance of 3.1% registered in May. This way, the segment was 0.7% above the level in February 2020 (pre-pandemic), and 22.6% below that of February 2014 (peak of the time series). The volume of cargo transportation indicated an increase of 0.6% in June 2023, second positive result in a row, a period which recorded a cumualive increase of 4.4%. Therefore, in June 2023, this segment reached the highest figure in the time series. In comparison with the pre-pandemic level, cargo transportation was 41.4% above that of February 2020.
From June 2022, without seasonal adjusted, mass transportation increased by 2.9% in June 2023, second positive rate in a row; in the same comparison, it increased by 10.1%, and recorded the 34th 29th consecutive positive increase.
In the cumulative index between January and June this year, passenger transportation expanded 3.8% against the same period in 2022, whereas cargo transportation advanced 11.0% in the same period investigated.