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IPCA-15 was 0.55% in January

January 24, 2023 09h00 AM | Last Updated: January 24, 2023 04h07 PM

The Extended National Consumer Price Index 15 (IPCA-15) stayed at 0.55% in January, standing 0.03 percentage points (p.p.) above the December´s figure (0.52%).

Period Rate
January 2023 0.55%
December 2022 0.52%
January 2022 0.58%
Cumulative in the year 0.55%
Cumulative in 12 months 5.87%

In the last 12 months, the IPCA-15 accumulated 5.87%, below the rate of 5.90% recorded in the immediately previous 12 months.  The IPCA-15 had been 0.58% in January 2022.

All the nine groups of products and services surveyed recorded price rises in January. The biggest impacts came from Health and personal care (1.10%) and Food and beverages (0.55%), with 0.14 p.p. and 0.12 p.p., respectively. The highest change, in turn, was in Communication (2.36% and 0.11 p.p.). The other groups stayed between the rate of 0.17% in Transportation and Housing and the rate of 0.57% in Personal expenses.

Group Change (%) Impact (p.p.)
December January December January
Overall Index 0.52 0.55 0.52 0.55
Food and beverages 0.69 0.55 0.15 0.12
Housing 0.40 0.17 0.06 0.03
Household articles -0.46 0.38 -0.02 0.02
Wearing apparel 1.16 0.42 0.06 0.02
Trnasportation 0.85 0.17 0.17 0.03
Health and personal care 0.40 1.10 0.05 0.14
Personal expenses 0.39 0.57 0.04 0.06
Education 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.02
Communication 0.18 2.36 0.01 0.11
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Índices de Preços, Sistema Nacional de Índices de Preços ao Consumidor.

The group of Health and personal care accelerated between December (0.40%) and January (1.10%), mainly influenced by the rise in the prices of personal hygiene items (1.88%), which had risen 0.04% in December. The rises in toiletries (4.24%) and skincare products (3.85%) stood out. In addition, health insurance plans (1.21%) repeated the same change as in the previous month, reflecting the incorporation of the monthly fraction of the adjustments of new and old plans for the 2022-2023 cycle.

The change in Food and beverages (0.55%) was lower than that in December (0.69%). The prices of food for consumption at home increased 0.61%), influenced by the rises in potatoes (15.99%), tomatoes (5.96%), rice (3.36%) and fruits (1.74%). On the dropping side, onions (-15.21%) and  long-life milk (-2.04%) stood out.

Food away from home (0.39%) stood close to that in the previous month (0.45%). Snacks rose 0.80% and meals, 0.14%.

In the group of Communication (2.36%), the result was influenced by the rises in pay TV (11.78%), telephone, Internet and pay TV combo (3.24%), access to Internet (2.11%) and telephone devices (1.78%).

The group of Transportation decelerated between December (0.85%) and January (0.17%), mainly due to the drop in the prices of fuels (-0.58%). The prices of ethanol increased 0.51%, though diesel fuel (-3.08%), gasoline (-0.59%) and vehicular gas (-0.40%) dropped. It is worth highlighting the rise in the sub-item car licensing (1.61%), which incorporated for the first time the monthly share relative to the IPVA (vehicle tax) of 2023.

In the group of Housing (0.17%), the prices of bottled gas (-1.32%) and residential electricity (-0.16%) dropped. The changes in the areas surveyed stayed between -4.82% in Rio de Janeiro, which recorded a reduction of 5.99% in the residential fare in one of the concessionaires surveyed, in force since December 15, and 3.96% in Salvador, where the ICMS returned to the level of 27% since January 1st. In addition, the contribution for funding the service of street lighting (COSIP) was adjusted on January 1st in São Paulo (0.41%), Curitiba (0.06%) and Brasília (-0.53%).

Still in Housing, the rise in piped gas (7.09%) also stood out, as a consequence of the adjustments of 9% in the fare in Rio de Janeiro (3.64%), in force since January 1st, and of 10.90% in São Paulo (10.90%), in force since December 10. The latter was not included in the December´s IPCA-15 and, thus, it was fully incorporated into the January´s index. Water and sewage fees (0.75%) were due to the adjustments of 14.62% in Belo Horizonte (5.85%) and of 9.51% in Brasília (3.80%), both of them since January 1st, and of 10.15% in Belém (4.32%), since November 28.

In January, the IPCA-15 rose in all the areas surveyed The highest change was reported in Belo Horizonte (0.92%), influenced by the rises in personal hygiene (2.65%), water and sewage fees (5.85%) and potatoes (23.18%). The lowest figure occurred in Rio de Janeiro (0.23%), influenced by the drops of 4.82% in electricity and of 20.18% in onions.

In order to measure the IPCA-15, prices collected from December 14, 2022 to January 12, 2023 (reference) were compared with the ones in effect from November 15 to December 13, 2022 (base). The indicator refers to households with monthly income of 1 to 40 minimum wages and it encompasses the metropolitan areas of Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre, Belo Horizonte, Recife, São Paulo, Belém, Fortaleza, Salvador, Curitiba, besides Brasília and the municipality of Goiânia. The methodology is the same as the one used for the IPCA; the difference lies in the period of price collection and in the geographic coverage.