Continuous PNAD: unemployment rate is 11.2% and underutilization rate is 23.5% in quarter ended February
March 31, 2022 09h00 AM | Last Updated: March 31, 2022 11h45 PM
The unemployment rate (11.2%) in the moving quarter December 2021-February 2022 decreased by 0.4 percentage points against the quarter September-November 2021 (11.6%) and 3.4 percentage points in relation to the same period a year ago. The unemployment rate unemployed population (12.0 million persons) fell 3.1% (389 thousand persons) against the previous quarter (12.4 million persons) and 19.5% (2.9 million unemployed persons) in relation to the same period last year (14.9 million persons).
|Indicador/Período||Dec-Jan-Feb 2022||Sep-Oct-Nov 2021||Dec-Jan-Feb 2021|
|usual real earnings||R$ 2,511.00||R$ 2,504.00||R$ 2,752.00|
|Change of usual real earnings in relation to:||-||-8.8%|
The number of employed persons was estimated at nearly 95.2 million persons, with stability from the previous quarter and and increase of 9.1% (7.9 million persons) against the same period in 2021. Estimated at 55.2%, the employment-population ratio percentage of employed persons in the population at working age - was stable in comparison with the previous quarter and grew 4.1 percentage points (p.p.) against thesame quarter in the previous year (51.1%).
The compound underutilization rate (23.5%) fell 1.5 percentage points in relation to the quarter September-November (25%) and 5.7 percentage points in comparison with the quarter ended February 2021 (29.2%). The underutilized population (27.3 million persons) dropped 6.3% (by 1.8 million less persons) againt the previous quarter (29.1 million) and 17.8% (5.9 million) in the annual comparison (33.1 million).
The time-related underemployed population (6.6 million persons) decreased in relation to the previous quarter by -12.5% (944 thousand persons). In relation to the quarter ended February 2021, there was a decrease of 4.2% (294 thousand persons).
The population out of the workforce (65.3 million persons) grew 0.7% (by 481 thousand persons) from the previous quarter and recorded a decrease of 5.0% (3.4 million persons) in the annual comparison.
The discouraged population (4.7 million persons)remained stable from the previous quarter and dropped 20.2% (1.2 million persons) in the annual comparison. The percentage of discouraged persons in the workforce (4.2%) was stable against the previous quarter and recorded a decrease of -1.3 percentage points from the same quarter a year ago (5.5%).
The number ofworkers with a formal employment contract in the private sector (except domestic workers) was 34.6 million persons, having increased 1.1% (371 thousand persons against the previous quarter and 9.4% (an increase by 3 million persons) in the annual comparison.
The number of employed persons without a formal contract the private sector (12.3 million) remained stable in relation to the previous quarter and increased by 18.5% (1.9 million persons) in the year.
The number of self-employed workers (25.4 million persons) remained stable in relation to the previous quarter, (-1.9% or 488 thousand persons), but rose 8.6% (2 million persons more) in the year.
The number of domestic workers (5.7 million persons) remained stable compared with the previous quarter, but rose 20.8% (974 thousand persons) in the year.
The number of employers (4.1 million persons) rose 5.2% (203 thousand persons) against the previous quarter and 7.6% (287 thousand persons) in relation to the same quarter a year ago.
The number of persons employed in the public sector (11.3 million persons) remained stable in both comparisons.
The informality rate was 40.2% of the employed population, or 38.3 million informal workers. That rate had been 40.6% in the previous quarter and 39.1% in the same quarter of 2021.
The usual real earnings of R$ 2,511 in the quarter ended February, recorded stability against the quarter September-November 2021 and decreased by 8.8% against the same quarter a year ago. The real wage bill (R$ 234.1 billion) remained stable in both comparisons.
Estimated at 107.2 million persons in the moving quarter December 2021 -February 2022, workforce (employed and unemployed persons) remained stable in comparison with the quarter September-November 2021, recorded an increase of 4.9% (5 million persons against the same quarter last year.
Among the groups of activity, against the previous moving quarter, there was an increase in Other services (4.0% of 189 thousand persons) and a decrease in Construction (3.5%, by 261 thousand persons).
Against the quarter ended February 2021, increases were observed in: General industry (8.8%, or 995 thousand persons), Construction (13.1%, or 840 thousand persons), Trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (11.9%, or 2.0 million persons), Transportation, storage and mailing (8.0%, or 361 thousand persons), Lodging and feeding (25.6%, or 1.1 million persons), Information, Communication and Financial, Real Estate, Professional and Adminstrative Activities (5.7%, or 613 thousand persons), Other services (15.2%, or 652 thousand persons) and Domestic services (21.0%, or 992 thousand persons). The other groups did not record significant changes.
As for average usual real earnings, against the previous moving quarter, Construction recorded increase (6.0%, or R$ 114), Trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (2.8%, or R$ 57) and Domestic services (3.7%, or R$ 35).
In the comparison with the quarter December 2020-February 2021 there was no growth in any of the categories and there were decreases in: Industry (9.4%, or menos R$ 258), Trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (4.1%, or R$ 88) and Public administration, defense, social security, education, human health and social services (14.6%, or R$ 612).
Among the employment types, in comparison with the previous moving quarter, there was an increase in the category of Domestic worker (3.7% or R$ 35). The other groups did not record significant changes. In the annual comparison, no category recorded decrease.