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PEVS 2020: with an increase of 17.9%, value of forestry production reaches R$ 23.6 billion

Section: Economic Statistics | Marília Loschi

October 06, 2021 10h00 AM | Last Updated: October 08, 2021 02h42 AM

The increase of 17.9% shows recovery of the sector, which had dropped 2.7% in the previous year. The survey Forestry Activities (PEVS) presents information on 44 products from wild crop harvesting and silviculture and encompasses all the Brazilian municipalities.

Wild Crop Harvesting and Silviculture Production (PEVS)(PEVS) 2020 Participation (%)
Value of silviculture production (PEVS) (thousand reais) 18,807,045 79.8
Value of wild crop harvesting (thousand reais) 4,749,548 20.2
Total value of forestry production (thousand reais) 23,556,593 100.0
Area for eucalyptus (ha) 7,431,761 77.3
Area for pinus (ha) 1,830,372 19.0
Area for other species (ha) 354,024 3.7
Total area for planted forests (ha) 9.616.157 100.0
Number of municipalities with forestry production 4,868   
Number of municipalities with planted forest areas 3,514

In 2020, silviculture accounted for 79.8% (R$ 18.8 billion) of the value of forestry production (R$ 23.6 billion), with an increase of 21.3% against 2019. The contribution of wild crop harvesting (collection of products from native woods and forests) was of 20.2% (R$ 4.8 billion), with an increase of 6.3% against 2019. Among the nine groups of products that form wild crop harvesting, six recorded increase in value of production.

Wood accounts for 90.1% of the value of forestry production. There was an increase of 21.7% in value of wood products from silviculture a and a decrease of 0.6% in those from wild crop harvesting. Among wood products from silviculture, all the groups recorded increase in value of production, with a highlight to charcoal (37.8%).

These products represented 60.3% of wild crop harvesting, with food (31.6%), waxes (5.3%) and oilseeds (2.2%). Among non-wood wild crop products the highlight was the increase in value of production of pequi (122.7%) and pine nut (44.5%).

The forest area planted in the country amounts to 9.6 million hectares. Eucalyptus production for paper industry takes up 7.4 million hectares, whereas pinus, 1.8 million hectares, and other species amount to 354 thousand hectares. Whereas 44.3% of the eucalyptus areas were concentrated in the Southeast, 84.6% of the pinus forests are located in the South region.

Minas Gerais still has the highest value of production (R$ 6.0 billion), which represents 32.1% of the national value of silviculture, followed by Paraná (R$ 4.2 billion). Telêmaco Borba (PR) recorded the highest value of production in 2020 (R$ 568.0 million).

Value of silviculture production increases by 21.3%

Value of silviculture production reached R$ 18.8 billion, with an annual increase of 21.3%,a recovery after a drop of 5.0% in 2019. All the groups recorded increases, with a highlight to logged wood for paper and pulp (25.6%) and charcoal (37.8%).

According to the Secretariat of Foreign Trade (Secex), pulp pulp was in the seventh position in the ranking of exports from Brazil in 2020 (2.9%). The sector of logged wood for paper and pulp recovered its production after a decrease of 14.2% in 2019, with an increase of 10.7%. Value of production increased 225.6% and amounted to R$ 5.8 billion, mainly due to the positive currency exchange.

With the second highest value of production, charcoal recorded an increase of 37.8%, and hit R$ 5.4 billion, as a result of the rise of prices, since production grew by 2.7%, only.

Logged wood for other purposes accounted for the third highest value of silviculture: R$ 4.9 billion or 26.7% of the total in the sector, with an increase of 10.8% against 2019). The volume produced increased by 7.5%. Logwood was the only wood product in silviculture with a decrease (-1.1%) in amount produced, although value of production grew by 6.3%.

The value of all non-wood products in silviculture increased in 2020. Resin, the most representative item in this group, recorded an increase of 7.5%, with R$ 400.4 million, being São Paulo with a contribution of 61.2% to the national volume. Black wattle bark recorded an increase of 7.9%, despite the decresae of 2.2% in the amount produced. Rio Grande do Sul was responsible for the entire production. There was also a decrease in eucalyptus leaves (-4.7%), although value of production had increased by 1.2%. Minas Gerais concentrates 86.0% of the national production.

Minas Gerais has highest value of silviculture production

Minas Gerais keeps the highest value of silviculture production, R$ 6.0 billion (32.1% of the value in the sector). It is also the main producer of charcoal, with 87.5% of the national volume.

It was followed by Paraná, with R$ 4.2 billion in value of production, an increment of 4.8%, having become the main producer of logged wood for pulp and paper, being responsible for 17.2% of the national output. Production increased by 25.0%, having reached 15.1 million cubic meters, and the vlue of production reached 66.8%, and reached R$ 1.5 billion. The state is also a leader in terms of production of wood log for other purposes, which reached 21.7 million metric tons, and represents 39.4% of the national total. Paraná was another highlight in terms of production of wood log from planted forests, with an estimated amount of 12.6 million metric tons, which corresponds to 24.8% of the national total.

Telêmaco Borba (PR) is the municipality with highest value of silviculture production

Telêmaco Borba (PR) led the ranking of value of silviculture prouction (R$ 568.0 million), with a highlight to increased in production of wood log for pulp and paper (113.0%), mainly pine wood, which increased 276.5%. Most of this increase is a result of improvements in the list of survey informants.

In the second position was João Pinheiro (MG), a highlight in the production of charcoal, with 436.2 thousand metric tons, generating R$ 479.8 million, with an increase of 93.5%.

Southeast Region is the only one with drops in the area of planted forests

In 2020, from a total 9.6 million hectares of planted forests in the country, there was a decrease of 0.7% (70.9% thousand hecares in coverage). All the areas recorded a decrease in planted area, except for the Southeast, which increased by 1.3%. This Major Region represents 37.2% of the area with planted areas in the country, with a highlight to eucalyptus, which is predominant in 91.0% of the area.

Ranking of municipalities with biggest areas of planted forests, by groups of species
Position Municipalities  Eucalyptus(ha) Pinus (ha) Other species (ha) TOTAL (ha)
1 Três Lagoas (MS) 263,921 0 0 263,921
2 Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS) 218,130 2,870 0 221,000
3 Água Clara (MS) 134,478 264 0 134,742
4 Brasilândia (MS) 133,959 0 0 133,959
5 João Pinheiro (MG) 108,250 0 0 108,250
6 Selvíria (MS) 89,859 0 0 89,859
7 Caravelas (BA) 89,728 0 0 91,100
8 Buritizeiro (MG) 82,500 3 0 82,503
9 Encruzilhada do Sul (RS) 28,000 25,060 22,900 75,960
10 Itamarandiba (MG) 71,500 0 0 71,500

Eucalyptus altogether were responsible for the coverage of 96.3% of the areas of planted forests for commercial purposes. Areas for eucalyptus occupied 7.4 million hectares.

In 2020, almost all the groups of wood products surveyed indicated a predominance of production of eucalyptus wood in the national territory. The exception is the use of pinus logs for other purposes, which reached 50.1% of the total, versus 45.3% of eucalyptus logs.

The Southeast has the biggest area of planted forests in the country, with 3.6 million hectares (37.22%), which increased the difference from the South Region, with 3.1 million hectares (32.6%).

With an increase of 1.4% against 2019, Minas Gerais still has the biggest area of planted forests in the country (2.1 million hectares), almost entirely covered with eucalyptus. Paraná follows, with 1.5 million hectares, of wh55.8% were for the planting of pinus.

Among the 10 biggest municipalities with areas of planted forests in Brazil, five are located in Mato Grosso do Sul, three in Minas Gerais, one in Rio Grande do Sul and one in Bahia.

Wild crop harvesting increases by 6.3% and reaches R$ 4.7 billion

In 2020, value of production of wild crop harvesting increased by 6.3%, and amounted to R$ 4.7 billion. Six of the nine groups of products surveyed recorded increases.

The group of wood products recorded the biggest participation in value of production of wild crop harvesting (60.3%), but dropped against the previous year. Throughout the last few years, wild crop harvesting of wood has gave way to cultivated forests.

In 2020, there were small changes in the production of firewood (0.6%) and of charcoal (0.3%). Wood log, which dropped 6.1%, was the exception. Value of production of this group (R$ 2.9 billion) fell 0.6%, with a decrease of 4.2% in wood log. But charcoal increased by 14.0% and firewood, by 5.2%.

Mato Grosso surpassed Pará and became the biggest producer of wood logs, with 3.8 million cubic meters and an increase of 2.3% in volume and of 3.7% in value of production.

Maranhão leads the production of charcoal, with an output of 103.1 thousand metric tons and represented 28.0% of the national total in 2020. Value of production of the state increased by 7.4% and hit R$ 107.7 million.

Acai keeps highest value of production (R$ 694.3 thousand) among non-wood products

In 2020, value of wood production from wild crop harvesting increased 18.6% and amounted to R$ 1.9 billion. This activity is important for traditional communities. The highlight was food products, with an increase of 22.0% in value of production, amounting to R$ 1.5 billion. Acai still accounts for the biggest contribution (46.3%) to the value of production of this age group.

Acai 91.9% of its extraction concentrated in the North Region. In 2020, production was of 220.5 thousand metric tons, being 1.0% below the amount obtained in 2019. In spite of that, value of production increased 17.8%, and totaled R$ 694.3 million.

Pará is the main producer of acai, with 149.7 thousand metric tons, or 69.7% of the national total. In spite of the decrease in volume (1.4%), value of production increased 22.3%, and hit R$ 569.1 million. In the ranking of 10 main producing municipalities in 2020, eight are located in Paraná and the leader is Limoeiro do Ajuru (PA), with 19.5% of the national total and an increase of 2.4% against 2019.

Value of production of yerba mate increases by 38.8% and reaches R$ 559.7 million

Extraction of yerba mate, which is concentrated in the South Region, hit R$ 559.7 million, with an increase of 38.8% against 2019. Production reched 426.0 thousand metric tons, with an annual increase of 14.6%. The 10 municipalities with biggest production were located in Paraná, led by Cruz Machado, which concentrates 1.,5% of the national total. Currently, most of the acai and yerba mate production comes from cultivated areas monitored by the IBGE’s Survey of Municipal Agricultural Production (PAM).

Value of production of Brazil nut fell by 27.4%, amounting to R$ 98.6 million, in spite of the slight positive change in crops (0.7%). Amazonas remains as the national leader, with 11.7 thousand metric tons. Among the municipalities, Humaitá (AM) is the leader, and concentrates 14.0% of the volume registered in the country.

Pequi records increase of 127.9% in volume and of 122.7% in value of production

Another highlight among non-wood products was pequi, both in terms of volume, with an increase of 127.9%, and in value, with 122.7% of increase. Minas Gerais was the main producer, and accounted for 51.8% of the national volume, being followed by Tocantins (39.7%). Among the municipalities, the main producerwas Paraíso de Tocantins (TO), with 6.6 thousand metric tons.

Pinhao was another highlight among non-wood products, with increases both in terms of volume (13.1%) and of value (44.5%). Paraná was the main producer, having accounted for 34.6% of the national production, followed by Minas Gerais (33.4%). The municipality of Virginia (MG) was in the first position, with 1.6 thousand metric tons, or 15.1% of the national production.