In May, volume of services increased by 1.2%

July 13, 2021 09h00 AM | Last Updated: July 13, 2021 10h35 PM

In May 2021, volume of services in Brazil advanced 1.2% against April, in the seasonally adjusted series, with a cumulative increase of 2.5% in the last two months and partial recovery from the March result (-3.4%). So, the services sector surpasses the pre-pandemic level once more, and is 0.2% above the figure of February 2020.

In the seasonally adjusted series, the sector advanced 23.0% from May 2020, third positive rate in a row and the highest in the time series that started in January 2012. The cumulative index in the year reached 7.3%, and, in 12 months, -2.2%.

Period Change (%)
Volume Nominal Revenue
May 21 / April 21* 1.2 1.1
May 21 / May 20 23.0 25.4
Cumulative in the year 7.3 8.4
Cumulative in the last 12 months -2.2 -1.6 *seasonally-adjusted series

The increase from April to May 2021 (1.2%) was observed in three of the five activities surveyed, with a highlight to transportation, support services for transportation and mailing (3.7%) and services rendered to families (17.9%), both having recorded a second positive rate after a drop in March. With a lower impact on the general index, came professional, administrative and complementary services (1.0%), which made up for almost all the loss in the March-April period (-1.3%).

Information and communication (-1.0%) and other services (-0.2%) accounted for the only negative results this month, but did not lose the recent increases of 4.7%, between March and April in the former; and of 6.4%, between February and March, in the latter.

The quarterly moving average fell 0.3% in the quarter ended May 2021 from the figure a month ago, this interrupting the downward trend that had started in July 2020.

Among the sectors, also in the seasonally-adjusted series, only two of the five activities recorded negative results in the month: services rendered to households (-2.9%) and professional, administrative and complementary services (-0.1%).

On the other hand, information and communication (1.2%), other services (0.7%) and transportation (0.4%) recorded, once more, increase in the quarter ended May, but with deceleration of increase in comparison with May results.

InMay 2021, volume of services increased by 23.0% against May 2020, in the seasonally adjusted series, third positive rate in a row and the highest in the time series that started in January 2012. All the five activities recorded increases and so did 80.7% of the 166 types of services investigated.

Transportation, support services for transportation and mailing (32.5%) accounted for the main positive contribution to total volume of services, due to an increase of revenue of companies in the segment of road transportation of cargo; air transportation of passengers; management of ports and terminals; road collective transportation of passengers; airport management; road concessionaries; and national mailing services.

The segments of cargo transportation and logistic support have kept their good since the middle of 2020, whereas passenger transportation now benefits from the low comparison basis, since in May last year, because of reduced population movement, the sector faced significant drops in revenue (road, air and railway).

The advance in information and communication (14.2%) was due to increase in the revenue of Internet portals, content providers and search tools; broadcast TV activities; development and licensing of software; other telecommunications activities; and data treatment, application service providers and Internet host services.

Professional, administrative and complementary services (15.9%) was influenced by car rental; engineering services; solutions in electronic payment; management of loyalty programs; technical activities in architecture and engineering; general cleaning; register and charging activities; business management consulting and legal activities.

Advances in services rendered to households (76.8%) refer to restaurants; hotel; catering services; and physical conditioning activities.

The sector of other services (20.6%) had increments in revenue for administration of stock markets and over-the-counter operations; security brokers; recovery of plastic material; complementary social security and health insurance agents and brokers; and support activities forestry production.

Monthly Survey of Services - Volume of Services, by dissemination activities - May 2021 - Change (%) 
Dissemination Activities Month/Previous month (1) Monthly (2) Cumulative in the year (3) Last 12 months (4) 
MAR APR MAY MAR APR MAY JAN-MAR JAN-APR JAN-MAY Up to MAR Up to APR Up to MAY 
Volume of Services - Brazil -3.4 1.3 1.2 4.6 20.1 23.0 -0.8 3,8 7.3 -8.0 -5.3 -2.2 
1. Services rendered to enterprises -28.0 9.4 17.9 -17.1 65.8 76.8 -25.4 -15.3 -5.4 -39.8 -34.3 -27.9 
1.1 Lodging and feeding services -28.8 9.0 18.0 -17.2 77.0 87.6 -25.8 -15.3 -4.8 -41.0 -35.3 -28.7 
1.2 Other services rendered to households -2.7 2.0 5.5 -16.7 27.7 35.6 -23.4 -15.4 -8.5 -33.2 -28.8 -23.6 
2. Information and communication services 2.2 2.5 -1.0 6.3 12.8 14.2 3.5 5.8 7.4 -0.8 0.5 2.4 
2.1 information and communication technology services (TIC) 1.8 3.1 -1.6 7.5 11.7 12.5 5.8 7.3 8.3 2.0 2.9 4.4 
2.1.1 Telecommunications 0.0 0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.9 1.9 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 -2.8 -2.4 -1.8 
2.1.2 Information technology services 4.4 5.4 -1.9 20.2 31.2 31.5 17.1 20.5 22.7 10.2 12.2 15.1 
2.2 Audiovisual services 5.9 1.0 2.0 -3.2 23.6 31.9 -13.5 -6.3 -0.2 -20.3 -16.8 -12.4 
3. Professional, administrative and complementary services -1.1 -0.1 1.0 1.0 12.2 15.9 -3.0 0.5 3.3 -11.6 -9.5 -6.7 
3.1 Technical-professional services -1.2 0.4 1.3 7.4 15.0 25.9 5.7 8.0 11.4 -4.1 -2.0 1.1 
3.2 Administrative and complementary service -1.7 -1.3 1.5 -1.4 11.1 12.2 -6.1 -2.2 0.4 -14.3 -12.2 -9.6 
4. transportation, support serices for transportation and mailing -2.6 0.2 3.7 8.8 31.0 32.5 1.7 7.8 12.3 -7.5 -3.9 0.1 
4.1 road transportation -2.3 -0.6 3.3 11.1 37.0 32.6 0.6 7.9 12.4 -10.7 -6.4 -2.2 
4.2 Water transportation 1.4 7.0 -3.3 8.1 17.1 14.4 7.7 10.1 11.0 8.5 8.7 9.0 
4.3 Air transportation -17.9 -21.8 60.7 -26.7 136.9 217.1 -26.6 -16.3 2.5 -43.4 -37.9 -27.5 
4.4 Storage, support services for transportation and mailing -1.4 1.1 3.6 13.3 21.2 23.1 9.5 12.3 14.4 4.0 6.0 8.3 
5. Other services 3.0 -0.7 -0.2 6.6 17.0 20.6 1.6 5.2 8.0 4.5 5.7 7.9 
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas 
(1) Base: immediately previous month - seasonally-adjusted;
(2) Base: same month a year ago; 
(3) Base: same period in the previous year; 
(4) Base: 12 previous months.

In terms of cumulative index in the year, against the same period in 2020, there was an increase of 7.3%, with four of the five activities recording positive rates and increase in more than half (54.8%) of the 166 types of services surveyed.

Among the sectors, the main positive contributions were those of transportation, support services for transportation and mailing (12.3%) and information and communication (7.4%), due, to a great extent, to the increase of revenue of companies in the segment of road transportation of cargo; management of ports and terminals; transportation logistics; railway transportation of cargo; airport management; maritime navigation and port support; pipe transportation, in the former. In The later, to Internet portals, content providers and other information services; development and licensing of software; other telecommunications activities; broadcast television activities; and technical support, maintenance and other services in information technology.

Other advances came from professional, administrative and complementary services (3.3%) and other services (8.0%), with an increase in revenue of engineering service companies; technical activities in architecture and engineering; legal activities; register and charging activities; car rental and call centers. In the second segment, recovery of plastic material; security brokers; administration of stock markets and over-the-counter operations; support activities to forestry production; and administration of funds by contract or commission.

The only negative influence was that of services rendered to households (-5.4%), mainly due to decrease in revenue of restaurants; hotel; catering and other ready-to-eat food services; and physical conditioning activities.

Services increased in 23 of the 27 Federation Units

By area, 23 of the 27 Federation Units recorded increase in volume of services in May 2021, against the previous year. The most relevant contributions came from São Paulo (2.5%), followed by Bahia (8.6%), Minas Gerais (2.1%) and Federal District (3.7%). On the other hand, Tocantins (-2.9%), Mato Grosso (-0.4%), Piauí (-1.9%) and Rondônia (-0.8%) recorded the main decreases in regional terms.

Against May 2020,the advance of the rate for Brazil (23.0%) was observed in 26 of the 27 Federation Units. The main contribution came from São Paulo (24.6%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (18.3%), Minas Gerais (26.9%), Rio Grande do Sul (21.2%), Santa Catarina (23.9%), Bahia (28.9%), Federal District (27.0%) and Paraná (13.4%).

In the cumulative index in the year, 26 of the 27 Federation Units recorded increases against the same period in 2020. São Paulo (7.9%) recorded the main positive result, followed by Minas Gerais (12.6%), Rio de Janeiro (4.6%) and Santa Catarina (15.6%). The only negative result was that of Sergipe (-1.4%).

Tourism activity index records increase of 18.2% in May

In May 2021, the index of tourism activities increased by 18.2% against the previous month, second positive rata in a row, with a cumulative increase of 23.3%. This recent increase recovers significant parts of the decrease of 26.5% registered last March, when there were access restraints to services considered non-essential. However, the segment of tourism still has to grow by 53.1% before it gets back to the level of February 2020.

By area, all the 12 Federation Units surveyed followed this national increase. The most significant positive contribution was that of São Paulo (30,3%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (18.5%), Bahia (52.6%), Minas Gerais (34.3%), Rio Grande do Sul (46.9%) and Federal District (49.3%).

Against May 2020, the volume of tourism activities in Brazil recorded an increase of 102.2%, after a growth of 72.5% in April, when it interrupted a series of thirteen negative rates. That was mainly driven by the increased revenue of air transportation companies; restaurants; hotel; collective road transportation of passengers; car rental; and catering services.

All the 12 Federation Units that investigate the indicator recorded increase in tourism services, mainly São Paulo (84.8%) and Rio de Janeiro (90.7%), followed by Minas Gerais (80.5%), Bahia (200.3%), Pernambuco (158.8%) and Rio Grande do Sul (143.5%).

in the cumulative index in the year, the special aggregate for tourism activities fell by 5.5% from the same period in 2020, mainly due to drops in revenues of travel agencies; restaurants; hotels; and collective air and road transportation of passengers.

By area, seven of the 12 locations surveyed also recorded negative rates. São Paulo (-14,9%) stands out, followed by Ceará (-17.4%), Minas Gerais (-5.3%), Paraná (-7.3%) and Rio de Janeiro (-2.2%). On the other hand, Goiás (15.4%), Pernambuco (6.1%) and Bahia (4.2%) accounted for the main positive contributions to the tourism index.