Volume of services grows 0.7% in April

June 11, 2021 09h00 AM | Last Updated: June 16, 2021 04h15 PM

In the seasonally-adjusted series, volume of services in Brazil advanced 0.7% in April 2021 over March, recovering part of the retreat of March (-3.1%). As a result, the services sector was 1.5% below the level of February 2020. In the seasonally-unadjusted series, the sector advanced 19.8% over April 2020, the second consecutive positive rate and the most intense in the time series, started in January 2012. The cumulative index in the year stayed at 3.7% and the cumulative index in 12 months was still negative (-5.4%).

Period Change (%)
Volume Nominal Revenue
April 21 / March 21* 0.7 0.1
April 21 / April 20 19.8 22.4
Cumulative January-April 3.7 4.7
Cumulative in the last 12 months -5.4 -4.9
*seasonally-adjusted series

The rise of 0.7% between March and April 2021 was followed by two out of five activities investigated: information and communication (2.5%), which accrued a gain of 4.7% over the last three months; and services rendered to families (9.3%), which recovered only a small part of the drop of 28.0% registered in March. On the other hand, the only negative figures this month were professional, administrative and complementary services (-0.6%), reaching the second consecutive negative rate in the March-April period (-2.0%); and  other services (-0.9%), offsetting a small part of the cumulative gain of 6.2% between February and March. After retreating 3.1% in March, the sector of transportation, support activities for transportation and mailing (0.0%) remained stable in April.

The quarterly moving average advanced 0.5% in the quarter ended in April 2021 over the level of the previous month, maintaining the upward trend started in July 2020.

Four out of five activities rose: information and communication (1.6%), transportation, support activities for transportation and mailing (0.7%) and professional, administrative and complementary services (0.3%) maintained the upward trend since July 2020, as well as volume of services in Brazil as a whole. The sector of other services (1.7%) interrupted three negative rates in a row. On the other hand, services rendered to families (-4.9%) registered the second consecutive negative figure.

In April 2021, volume of services advanced 19.8% over April 2020, the second consecutive positive rate and the most intense in the time series, started in January 2012. All the five activities advanced, as well as 78.3% of the 166 types of services investigated.

Among the sector, that of transportation, support activities for transportation and mailing (30.7%) exerted the major positive contribution to the total volume of services, leveraged, to a great extent, by the increase in the revenue of the enterprises of road transportation of cargo, port and terminal management, road transportation of passengers, air transportation, concessionaires of highways, national mail and airport operations.

Therefore, the growth of the sector was explained not only by the segments of cargo transportation and logistics support, which maintained the good performance started in the middle of last year, but also by the advance noticed in passenger transportation, which benefited from the low comparison basis, since April 2020 was the first month of social distancing due to COVID 19.

The advance in the sector of information and communication services (12.8%) was due to the increase in the revenue in the segments of portals, content providers and Internet search engines; software development and licensing; open TV activities; other telecommunications activities; and data processing, application services providers and Internet hosting services.

Professional, administrative and complementary services (10.9%) rose in the segments of electronic payment solutions; administration of loyalty programs; engineering services; management of intangible assets; technical activities related to architecture and engineering; car rental; and organization, promotion and management of fairs, congresses and conventions.

Services rendered to families (65.8%) were influenced by restaurants, hotels, catering services and fitness activities.

The advance in the sector of other services (16.8%) was due to securities brokers, recovery of plastic materials, administration of stock exchange and counter market, real estate activities and forestry support.

Volume of Services, according to dissemination activities - April 2021 - Change (%)
Dissemination Activities Month/Previous month (1) Monthly (2) Cumulative in the year (3) Last 12 months (4)
FEB MAR APR FEB MAR APR JAN-FEB JAN-MAR JAN-APR Up to FEB Up to MAR Up to APR
Volume of Services - Brazil 3.9 -3.1 0.7 -1.8 4.6 19.8 -3.5 -0.8 3.7 -8.6 -8.0 -5.4
1. Services rendered to families 9.0 -28.0 9.3 -28.3 -17.1 65.8 -28.2 -25.4 -15.3 -40.5 -39.8 -34.3
1.1 Lodging and food services 8.5 -28.9 9.8 -29.1 -17.2 77.1 -28.5 -25.8 -15.3 -41.8 -41.0 -35.3
1.2 Other services rendered to families 1.3 -4.6 0.9 -24.1 -16.7 27.4 -26.1 -23.4 -15.4 -33.2 -33.2 -28.8
2. Information and communication services 0.0 2.2 2.5 2.7 6.3 12.8 2.1 3.5 5.8 -1.4 -0.8 0.5
2.1 Information and communication technology services (ICT) 0.0 1.9 3.1 4.9 7.5 11.7 4.9 5.8 7.3 1.4 2.0 2.9
2.1.1 Telecommunications -1.6 0.0 0.8 -2.1 -0.1 0.9 -0.9 -0.7 -0.3 -3.1 -2.8 -2.4
2.1.2 Information technology services 2.0 4.4 5.3 17.8 20.2 31.2 15.5 17.1 20.5 9.3 10.2 12.2
2.2 Audiovisual services 5.1 5.9 1.0 -14.4 -3.2 23.6 -18.3 -13.5 -6.3 -20.5 -20.3 -16.8
3. Professional, administrative and complementary services 3.2 -1.4 -0.6 -2.3 1.0 10.9 -5.0 -3.0 0.2 -11.9 -11.6 -9.6
3.1 Technical-professional services 3.1 -0.7 -0.1 7.8 7.4 14.7 4.9 5.7 8.0 -4.4 -4.1 -2.0
3.2 Administrative and complementary services 4.1 -2.0 -1.3 -5.7 -1.4 9.5 -8.4 -6.1 -2.6 -14.6 -14.3 -12.3
4. Transportation, support activities for transportation, and mailing 5.5 -3.1 0.0 0.1 8.8 30.7 -1.9 1.7 7.7 -8.1 -7.5 -3.9
4.1 Land transportation 6.0 -2.6 -0.9 -2.5 11.1 37.1 -4.6 0.6 7.9 -11.9 -10.7 -6.4
4.2 Water transportation 2.4 1.2 5.6 6.5 8.1 17.1 7.4 7.7 10.1 9.7 8.5 8.7
4.3 Air transportation 8 -7.8 -15.5 -30.2 -26.7 136.9 -26.6 -26.6 -16.3 -42.1 -43.4 -37.9
4.4 Storage, support activities for transportation, and mailing 5.3 -1.6 0.3 11.2 13.3 20.2 7.5 9.5 12.0 3.5 4.0 5.9
5. Other services 3.0 3.1 -0.9 1.2 6.6 16.8 -0.9 1.6 5.2 5.0 4.5 5.7
 Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria  (1) Base: previous month - seasonally adjusted; (2) Base: same month in the previous year; (3) Base: same period in the previous year; (4) Base: 12 previous months.

Compared with the same period in 2020, the cumulative index in the year expanded 3.7%, with four out of five dissemination activities recording positive rates and a growth in half (50.0%) of the 166 types of services investigated.

Among the sectors, the most important positive contributions came from transportation, support activities to transportation and mailing (7.7%) and information and communication (5.8%).

The other advances were in other services (5.2%) and professional, administrative and complementary services (0.2%).

The only negative influence came from services rendered to families (-15.3%), especially pressed by the drop in the revenue of restaurants, hotels, catering and other services of prepared food, and fitness activities.

Services grow in 13 of 27 Federation Units

In regional terms, 13 out of 27 Federation Units expanded in volume of services in April 2021 against the immediately previous month. The most relevant expansion came from São Paulo (0.5%), followed by the Federal District (4.8%) and Paraná (1.5%). On the other hand, the major retractions came from Minas Gerais (-1.0%) and Mato Grosso (-2.4%).

Compared with April 2020, the advance in the rate for Brazil (19.8%) was followed by all the Federation Units. The major contribution came from São Paulo (20.1%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (17.1%), Minas Gerais (21.5%), Rio Grande do Sul (26.1%), Santa Catarina (29.3%) and Paraná (16.9%).

Compared with the same period in 2020, the cumulative index in the year advanced in 19 out of 27 Federation Units. The major positive impact was registered in São Paulo (4.1%), followed by Minas Gerais (9.2%), Santa Catarina (13.7%), Rio de Janeiro (1.5%) and Mato Grosso (13.2%). Conversely, the Federal District (-4.9%), Bahia (-3.5%) and Pernambuco (-3.0%) posted the most relevant negative influences on the national index.

Index of tourism activities falls 0.6% in April

In April 2021, the index of tourism activities retreated 0.6% over the previous month, after a strong retraction in March (-23.1%), when a higher number of limitations were imposed on certain establishments. The segment of tourism should grow 81.9% to resume the level of February last year.

Half (6) of the 12 FUs surveyed followed the national decline, recording the major negative influences in Rio de Janeiro (-2.7%), Minas Gerais (-4.4%), Espírito Santo (-13.4%) and Bahia (-3.1%). Conversely, São Paulo (2.9%) exerted the major positive impact, followed by Paraná (9.7%), Rio Grande do Sul (12.4%) and Santa Catarina (8.3%).

Compared with April 2020, the volume of tourism activities in Brazil increased 72.6%, the highest rise in the time series started in 2012, after thirteen negative rates in a row. The index was mainly leveraged by the increase in the revenue in the sectors of restaurants, hotels, air transportation, road transportation of passengers, catering services, and car rental. The 12 Federation Units in which the indicator is measured registered an advance in tourism services, highlighted by São Paulo (49.3%) and Rio de Janeiro (86.7%), followed by Bahia (123.1%), Minas Gerais (54.8%), Paraná (86.1%) and Pernambuco (127.4%).

In the cumulative index in the year, the special aggregate of tourism activities retreated 17.4% over the same period in 2020, pressed, above all, by the reduction in the revenue in the sectors of air transportation of passengers, restaurants, hotels, travel agencies, road transportation of passengers, and catering services. Twelves places investigated retreated, highlighted by São Paulo (-26.4%), Rio de Janeiro (-12.9%), Minas Gerais (-16.6%), Paraná (-17.3%), Ceará (-28.0%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-17.7%).