Quarterly livestock surveys - first results: cattle slaughter down, while slaughter of hogs, pigs and chicken up in Q1 2021 2021 (2)

May 12, 2021 09h00 AM | Last Updated: May 14, 2021 06h06 PM

The first results of animal production in the first quarter of 2021 indicate that the slaughter of cattle decreased 10.3%, that of hogs and pigs increased 4.9% and that of chickens increased 2.4% in relation to the same period of 2020. In comparison with the 4th quarter of 2020, the slaughter of cattle fell by 10.5%, while the slaughter of hogs and pigs grew 0.2% and that of chickens remained stable. The acquisition of milk was 6.52 billion liters, an increase of 1.3% in relation to the first quarter of 2020 and a fall of 3.3% against the previous quarter.

The acquisition of leather pieces by tanneries fell 6.6% compared to the first quarter of 2020 and was 8.0% lower than that of the fourth quarter of 2020, totaling 7.07 million whole pieces of rawhide.

An amount of 72.94 million dozen of hen eggs were produced in the first quarter this year, with decreases of 0.1% in the annual comparison and of 1.8% in relation to the previous quarter.

Table 1. Number of slaughtered animals and carcass weight of cattle, hogs, pigs and chicken, acquisition of raw milk, rawhide and hen egg production - Brazil - Q1 2021
Animal slaughter, milk acquisition, acquisition of raw milk and raw hide and hen egg production 2020 2020 2021 Change (%)
Q1 Q4 Q1 3 / 1 3 / 2
1 2 3
Number of slaughtered animals (thousand head)
Cattle 7 296 7 309 6 543 -10.3 -10.5
Hogs and pigs 11 944 12 500 12 526 4.9 0.2
Chicken 1 515 930 1 552 959 1 552 751 2.4 0.0
Carcass weight (tonnes)
Cattle 1 845 898 1 970 408 1 720 046 -6.8 -12.7
Hogs and pigs 1 072 058 1 120 852 1 149 083 7.2 2.5
Chicken 3 477 375 3 567 401 3 626 104 4.3 1.6
Milk (thousand liters)
Acquired (raw) 6 436 838 6 747 822 6 523 573 1.3 -3.3
Industrialized 6 430 321 6 742 858 6 514 603 1.3 -3.4
Leather (mil unidades)
Acquired (rawhide) 7 570 7 685 7 067 -6.6 -8.0
Tanned 7 311 7 673 6 863 -6.1 -10.6
Eggs (thousand dozen)
Production 973 794 990 390 972 937 -0.1 -1.8
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Agropecuária, Pesquisa Trimestral do Abate de Animais, Pesquisa Trimestral do Leite, Pesquisa Trimestral do Couro e Produção de Ovos de Galinha.
Notes:
1. The data for the 1st quarter of 2021 refer to the first results of the respective surveys. 2. The first results of the quarterly livestock surveys started to be released as from the 1st quarter of 2018 only for Brazil. These are preliminary data, which may change until the results of the reference quarter are released. 3. The data for the year 2021 are preliminary until the release of the data for the first quarter of 2022.

Slaughter of cattle falls 10.3% in the annual comparison and 10.5% compared to the previous quarter

In the 1st quarter of 2021, 6.54 million cattle head were slaughtered under some type of health inspection service. This amount represented negative changes of 10.3% compared to the 1st quarter of 2020 and 10.5% compared to the 4th quarter of 2020.

1.72 million tonnes of bovine carcasses were produced in the first quarter of 2021, with a decrease of 6.8% in relation to the same quarter of 2020 and a decrease of 12.7% in relation to the fourth quarter of 2020.

Slaughter of hogs and pigs grows 4.9% in the annual comparison and 0.2% compared to the previous quarter

In the first quarter of 2021, 12.53 million pig head were slaughtered, representing increases of 4.9% compared to the same period in 2020 and 0.2% compared to the fourth quarter of 2020.

The cumulative weight of carcasses reached 1.15 million tonnes in the first quarter of 2021, with increases of 7.2% in relation to the first quarter of 2020 and of 2.5% compared to the previous quarter.

Chicken slaughter grows 2.4% in the annual comparison and remains stable in the quarter

The slaughter of chickens in the 1st quarter of 2021 totaled 1.55 billion chicken head. This result meant an increase of 2.4% in relation to the equivalent quarter of the previous year and stability in comparison with the 4th quarter of 2020.

The cumulative weight of carcasses was 3.63 million tonnes in the first quarter of 2021. This total meant an increase of 4.3% in relation to the first quarter of 2020 and an increase of 1.6% compared to the previous quarter.

Acquisition of milk grows 1.3% in the annual comparison and falls 3.3% in the quarter

In the first quarter of 2021, the purchase of raw milk made by establishments under some type of sanitary inspection was 6.52 billion liters. There was an increase of 1.3% in relation to the 1st quarter of 2020 and a decrease of 3.3% compared to the previous quarter. Acquisition of leather is 6.6% below the 1st quarter of 2020

In the first quarter of 2021, the tanneries surveyed by the Quarterly Survey of Leather - those that tan at least five thousand whole units of raw cowhide per year - declared to have received 7.07 million whole pieces of rawhide. This amount represents a 6.6% decrease compared to the one recorded in the 1st quarter of 2020 and an 8.0% reduction in relation to the previous quarter.

Production of hen eggs falls 0.1% year-on-year and 1.8% compared to the previous quarter

In the first quarter of 2021, the production of hen eggs was 972.94 million dozen. The result represented a reduction of 0.1% in relation to the same quarter of 2020 and a decrease of 1.8% in comparison to the production of the 4th quarter of 2020.