Volume of services increased by 0.6% in January

March 09, 2021 09h00 AM | Last Updated: March 12, 2021 01h24 AM

In January 2021, volume of services increased by 0.6% from December 2020 (0.0%), in the seasonally adjusted series. The non-adjusted series, against January 2020, shows a decrease of 4.7%, eleventh negative rate in a row.

Period Change (%)
Volume Nominal Revenue
January 21 / December 20* 0,6 -0,3
January 21 / January 20 -4.7 -4.7
Cumulative in January-January -4.7 -4.7
Cumulative in the last 12 months -8.3 -7.8
*seasonally adjusted series

The cumulative index in the last twelve months (-8.3%) recorded the most significant negative result in the series that started in December 2012 and has remained on a downward trend since January 2020 (1.0%).

With an increase by 0.6% in January from December 2021, the services sector reduces the difference from pre-pandemic levels, and is 3.0% below the February 2020 level.

The increase was also observed in only other two of the five activities surveyed: transportation, support services for transportation and mailing activities (3.1%) and professional, administrative and complementary services (3.4%). The former had a cumulative increase of 29.6% between May 2020 and January 2021, but it is still 2.7% below the level in February 2020. In the later, there was recovery of 13.9% between June 2020 and January 2021, but still without making up for the loss observed between November 2019 and May 2020 (-20.0%).

The biggest decrease was that of other services (-9.2%), making up for the cumulative increase of 5.7% in the November-December period. Other negative results came from information and communication services (-0.7%) and services rendered to households (-1.5%), with the former making up for the increase of 4.7% registered in the last four months of 2020; and the latter, with the second negative rate in a row, had a cumulative decrease of 5.5%, partially reversing the increase recorded between August and November 2020 (68.5%).

The quarterly moving average rose 1.0% in the quarter ended January 2021 from the previous month and has been on an upward trend since July last year. Among the sectors, also against the previous month, four of the five activities recorded positive results in the month, with a highlight to professional, administrative and complementary services (1.9%), followed by transportation, support services for transportation and mailing (1.6%); services rendered to families (0.8%); and information and communication services (0.2%).

The only activity recording decrease was that of other services (-1.3%), thus interrupting the upward trend observed since July last year.

In January 2021, volume of services decreased by 4.7% against January 2020, eleventh negative result in a row for that type of indicator. There was a decrease in four of the five activities and increase in 34.3% of the 166 types of services surveyed.

Among the sectors, services rendered to households (-27.6%) accounted for the most significant negative result, due to decreases in the segments restaurants; hotels; catering services; and physical conditioning activities. Other decreases came from professional, administrative and complementary services (-6.7%), transportation, support activities for transportation (-4.0%) and other services (-2.2%).

The decrease observed in professional, administrative and complementary services was mainly due to the decrease in the revenue of travel agencies; administration of loyalty programs; solutions in electronic payment; organization, promotion and management of fairs, congresses and conventions; and surveillance and private security activities.

In transportation, support activities for transportation and mailing, decrease results from the reduced revenue of collective air, road and railway transportation (for passengers); national mailing; road concessionaires; and parking of vehicles.

Considering other services, decrease is due to losses in companies for the collection of non-dangerous domestic, urban or industrial residue; support activities for insurance, complementary social security and health insurance; and repair and maintenance of computer and peripheral devices.

The only positive contribution this month came from the information and communication services (1.7%), mainly due to the increased revenue in the segments of Internet portals, providers and search engines; software development and licensing; other telecommunications activities; and technical support, maintenance and other services in information technology services.

The remainder is temporarily in Portuguese.

Monthly Survey of Services - Volume of Services, by dissemination activities - January 2021 - Change (%)
Dissemination Activities Month/Previous
month(1)
Monthly (2) Cumulative in the year (3) Last 12 months (4)
NOV DEC JAN NOV DEC JAN JAN-NOV JAN-DEC JAN-JAN Up to NOV Up to DEC Up to JAN
Volume of Services - Brazil 2.4 0.0 0.6 -5.0 -3.1 -4.7 -8.3 -7.8 -4.7 -7.4 -7.8 -8.3
1. Services rendered to households 8.5 -4.0 -1.5 -26.1 -25.3 -27.6 -36.6 -35.6 -27.6 -33.4 -35.6 -38.1
1.1 Lodging anf feeding services 10.0 -4.4 -0.9 -25.8 -25.6 -27.6 -37.9 -36.7 -27.6 -34.4 -36.7 -39.3
1.2 Other services 1.1 -0.8 0.5 -27.7 -23.5 -28.0 -29.5 -29.0 -28.0 -27.5 -29.0 -31.4
2. Information and communication services 0.7 0.5 -0.7 1.3 1.8 1.7 -1.9 -1.6 1.7 -1.5 -1.6 -1.6
2.1 Information and communication technology services (ICT) 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.0 3.3 5.0 0.5 0.8 5.0 0.7 0.8 1.0
2.1.1 Telecommuications -0.3 0.0 1.6 -3.2 -2.3 0.2 -3.5 -3.4 0.2 -3.4 -3.4 -3.1
2.1.2 Information technology services 0.5 2.2 -1.3 14.0 11.0 13.5 8.0 8.3 13.5 8.3 8.3 8.4
2.2 Audiovisual services 7.2 1.0 -9.3 -9.5 -7.7 -21.4 -18.8 -17.7 -21.4 -16.7 -17.7 -19.8
3. Professional, administrative and complementary services 2.3 0.1 3.4 -10.4 -7.6 -6.7 -11.8 -11.4 -6.7 -10.5 -11.4 -11.9
3.1 Technical professional services 2.7 -1.8 3.0 -2.4 -2.3 3.0 -5.9 -5.5 3.0 -4.6 -5.5 -5.3
3.2 Administrative and complementary services 1.7 1.6 1.7 -13.6 -9.9 -9.9 -13.9 -13.5 -9.9 -12.7 -13.5 -14.3
4. Transportation, support services for transportation and mailing 1.9 -0.2 3.1 -4.7 -2.0 -4.0 -8.2 -7.6 -4.0 -7.6 -7.6 -8.0
4.1 Road transportation 2.2 -2.6 3.9 -7.5 -3.5 -6.7 -12.2 -11.5 -6.7 -11.8 -11.5 -11.8
4.2 Water transportation -1.4 1.6 3.1 4.8 10.4 7.9 10.4 10.4 7.9 9.7 10.4 10.2
4.3 Air transportation 5.9 2.5 11.1 -31.9 -34.6 -23.5 -37.1 -36.9 -23.5 -33.1 -36.9 -39.5
4.4 Storage, support services for transportation and mailing 1.6 0.6 0.6 5.5 6.6 3.7 2.4 2.8 3.7 2.4 2.8 2.8
5. Other services 0.6 5.0 -9.2 7.3 9.6 -2.2 6.5 6.8 -2.2 6.9 6.8 5.7
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria
(1) Base: immediately previous month - seasonally-adjusted
(2) Base: same month a year ago
(3) Base: same period in the previous year
(4) Base: 12 previous months

Services increased in 12 of the 27 Federation Units

In regional terms, 12 of the 27 Federation Units surveyed recorded increase in volume of services in January 2021, from December 2020, following the increase (0.6%) observed in Brazil (seasonally-adjusted series).

The most significant decreases were those of the Federal District (10.,9%), São Paulo (0.5%) and Minas Gerais (2.6%). Bahia (-6.3%) recorded the main decrease in regional terms.

From January 202018 of the 27 Federation Units followed the decrease in volume of services in Brazil (-4.7%). São Paulo accounted for the main negative contribution (-4.7%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (-5.2%), Paraná (-9.2%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-9.1%). The most relevant results were those of Amazonas (13.7%), Santa Catarina (3.7%) and Minas Gerais (1.7%).

Tourism activity index records increase of 0.7% in January

In January 2021, the tourism activity index increased by 0.7% from the leveled-off result of December 2020. It is worth mentioning the tourism segment, after an increase of 122.8% between May 2020 and January 2021, still need a 42.1% increase to the level of February last year. Measures against COVID-19 (such as social isolation) reached most significantly a great part of tourism activities, mainly air transportation of passengers, restaurants and hotels./p>

Most (9) of the 12 Federation Units surveyed had this movement of expansion in national tourism activity (0.7%), with highlights to Rio de Janeiro (4.4%), Rio Grande do Sul (11.4%) and Federal District (10.4%). The main decreases came from São Paulo (-1.7%), Goiás (-7.4%) and Minas Gerais (-3.1%).

From January 2020, the tourism activity index fell 29.1%, eleventh negative rate in a row, mainly due to the reduction of revenue of enterprises in the fields of restaurants; air transportation; hotels; collective road transportation of passengers; travel agencies; catering services; and car rental.

All the 12 Federation Units where the indicator is investigated show decrease in services for tourism, with a highlight to São Paulo (-37.7%), followed by Rio de Janeiro (-27.5%), Minas Gerais (-32.8%), Paraná (-28.7%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-29.7%).