Livestock quarterly surveys – first results: slaughter decreases for cattle and rises for chicken and hogs/pigs in Q4 2020

February 11, 2021 09h00 AM | Last Updated: February 11, 2021 05h29 PM

The first results of animal production in the 4th quarter of 2020 show that the slaughter of cattle fell 10.3%, whereas the slaughter of hogs and pigs increased 1.6% and of chickens rose by 5.5% in relation to the same quarter of 2019.

In comparison with the third quarter of 2020, the slaughter of cattle and pigs fell 5.8% and 4.7%, respectively, and that of chickens grew 2.5%.

The acquisition of milk was 6.71 billion liters, an increase of 0.6% in the annual comparison and 4.1% in relation to the previous quarter.

The acquisition of leather pieces by tanneries fell 3.9% compared to the 4th quarter of 2019 and 8.5% in relation to the third quarter of 2020, adding up to 7.5 million whole pieces of raw cowhide.

977 million dozen hen eggs were produced in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 1.5% in the annual comparison and 3.4% in relation to the third quarter of 2020.

The complete results, including data for the end of 2020 and for the Federation Units, will be released on March 18, 2021.

Cattle slaughter decreases in relation to the previous quarter and in the annual comparison 

In the 4th quarter of 2020, 7.25 million cattle head were slaughtered, a negative change of 10.3% in comparison with the same period of 2019 and a reduction of 5.8% in relation to the previous quarter, the 3th quarter of 2020.

The production of 1.96 million metric tons of cattle carcasses indicates a decrease of 6.5%in relation to the 4th quarter of 2019 and of 4.6% in relation to the 3th quarter of 2020.

Slaughter of hogs and pigs grows in the annual comparison and drops in relation to the previous quarter

Regarding the slaughter of hogs and pigs, it summed up 12.10 million head in the 4th quarter of 2020, representing an increase of 1.6% in relation to the same quarter in the previous year and a decrease of 4.7% in comparison with the 3th quarter of 2020.

The cumulative weight of carcasses recorded 1.08 million metric tons, an increase of 1.7% in relation to the 4º quarter of 2019 and a decrease of 7.8% in comparison with the previous quarter.

Slaughter of chickens grows 5.5% in annual comparison

With 1.55 billion of chicken heads, the slaughter increased 5.5% in relation to the 4th quarter of 2019 and 2.5% in comparison with the 3th quarter of 2020.

The cumulative weight of carcasses was 3.57 million metric tons, an increase of 5.2% in relation to the 4th quarter of 2019 and of 2.5% against the previous quarter.

Milk acquisition increases in both comparisons and reaches 6.71 billion liters

The raw milk acquisition made by establishments that operate under some type of health inspection (federal, state or municipal) was 6.71 billion liters. The result shows an increase of 0.6% in comparison with the 4th quarter of 2019 and of 4.1% in comparison with the 3th quarter of 2020.

Leather acquisition drops 3.9% in the comparison with the 4th quarter of 2019

The tanneries reported having received 7.5 million whole units of raw cowhide in the 4th quarter of 2020, a drop of 3.9% in comparison with 4th quarter of 2019 and of 8.5% in relation to the previous quarter. The Quarterly Survey of Leather checks upon tanneries that tan at least 5,000 whole units of raw cowhide a year.

Production of hen eggs drops in both comparisons

The production of hen eggs was 977 million dozen in the 4th quarter of 2020, a decrease of 1.5% in relation to the same period previous year and of 3.4% in comparison with the 3th quarter of 2020.

Number of slaughtered animals and carcass weight of cattle, hogs and pigs and chicken, raw milk acquisition, rawhide acquisition and hen egg production – Brazil – Q4 2020

 Slaughter of animals, milk acquisition, rawhide acquisition and production of hen eggs 2019 2020 2020 Change (%)
Q4 Q3 Q4 3/1 3/2
1 2 3
Number of slaughteres animals (thousand head)      
Cattle 8 081 7 692 7 247 -10.3 -5.8
Hogs and pigs 11 912 12 707 12 105 1.6 -4.7
Chicken 1 470 300 1 512 771 1 550 981 5.5 2.5
Carcass weight (metric tons)
Cattle 2 093 377 2 052 295 1 956 969 -6.5 -4.6
Hogs and pigs 1 060 277 1 169 799 1 078 477 1.7 -7.8
Chicken 3 389 362 3 477 538 3 565 316 5.2 2.5
Milk (thousand liters)
Acquired (raw) 6 671 938 6 447 548 6 712 380 0.6 4.1
Industrialized 6 663 429 6 440 650 6 706 664 0.6 4.1
Leather (thousand units)
Acquired (raw) 7 803 8 189 7 495 -3.9 -8.5
Tanned 7 800 7 584 7 478 -4.1 -1.4
Eggs (thousand dozens)
Production 991 454 1 011 273 976 899 -1.5 -3.4

Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Agropecuária, Pesquisa Trimestral do Abate de Animais, Pesquisa Trimestral do Leite, Pesquisa Trimestral do Couro e Produção de Ovos de Galinha. 
Notes: 1. The data for the 4th quarter of 2020 refer to the first results of the respective surveys.

2. The first results of the quarterly livestock surveys started to be released as of the 1st quarter of 2018 only for the Brazil level. These are preliminary data, which may change until the results of the reference quarter are released.

3. Data for the year 2020 are preliminary until the release of data for the first quarter of 2021.