Munic: in 2019, number of municipal civil servants increases by only 0.1% from 2018
December 02, 2020 10h00 AM | Last Updated: December 16, 2020 03h56 PM
In 2019, the number of civil servants in direct and indirect municipal administration reached 6,537,606 persons, being only 0.1% above the figure in 2018.
From 2014 to 2019, the percentage of municipalities with Municipal Guard services increased from 15.5% to 21.3%. The states recording significant percent increase in Municipal Guards in different cities were Rio de Janeiro, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Maranhão and Amazonas. Nevertheless, women made up only 15.6% of the overall corps in 2019, against 13.4% in 2009.
In 76,7% of municipalities in Brazil, a woman was the head of the city agency for human rights policies.
In 2019, 7.7% (or 431) of the municipalities reported having taken some type of measure aiming at privatization in the 24 preceding months.
The country had 376 municipalities not charging any of the taxes investigated in 2019, among which 365 had 50 thousand residents or less.
All that and more can be found in the IBGE’s Survey of Basic Municipal Information (MUNIC 2019) which investigated, for the first time, the participation of city government in social networks. As for municipalities in the country, 84.0% (4,678) had profiles or accounts, being Facebook (98.2%) the most commonly used social network. It is worth pointing out that the presence of city administration on the web was close to universalization in 2019, in a total 97.7% of the municipalities (or 5,442) versus 88.7% (or 4.943) in 2014.
Brazil has, on average, 3.1 municipal civil servants for every 100 residents
In 2019, direct and indirect municipal administration employed 6,537,606 persons, 0.1% more than in 2018. That means the country has, on average, about 3.1 municipal servants for every 100 residents. The higher the range of municipal population size, the lowest that percentage.
About 62.5% municipal civil servants in direct administration were statutory workers, with an increase versus the previous survey (62.2%), whereas the participation of CLT workers was virtually unchanged: 7.2%, in 2018, and 7.1%, in 2019. In indirect administration, statutory workers also prevailed, but with a decrease from 44.9% to 42.0%, in the period. The participation of CLT workers was bigger than in direct administration, and rose from 33.% to 34.8%, from 2018 to 2019.
|Persons employed in direct administration, by type of contract - Brazil – Munic 2019|
|Major Regions and Federation Units||Persons employed in direct and indirect administration, by type of contract|
|Total (1)||Type of contract|
|Statutory||CLT||Commissioned workers||Interns||Without a permanent contract|
|Direct administration||6 191 664||3 870 342||445 047||533 744||188 578||1 171 625|
|Indirect administration||345 942||145 172||116 524||25 898||11 488||46 644|
|Total||6 537 606||4 015 514||561 571||559 642||200 066||1 218 269|
Telephone and Internet help expand access to public information
Whether they have specific laws or not, most municipalities reported availability of face-to-face or virtual means for access to public information, with an increase against 2014. In the Citizen Information Service - CIS), 45.7% (2,554) in 2019 versus 24.1% (1,343) of the municipalities in 2014. Besides CIS, Internet services by telephone also increased in 2019 against 2014, respectively 86.4% versus 68.4% for the internet and 52.8% versus 49.5% for telephone.
The survey also investigated the availability of detailed information on budgetary and financial activities, in real time and place of publication. In 2019, 98.8% (5,502) of the municipalities reported availability. Among those, 74.5% in real time. Almost all the municipalities that made that type of information available did it by means of a Transparency Portal (94.0%), but also on the city government website (43.3%) or other website (4.8%).
Among available types of customer service, the telephone was used in more than 85% of city halls, whereas the fax machine was still mentioned by 12.2% of them in 2019. In terms of material resources, 99.9% of the city halls (5,564) had computers being used. As for the provision of wi-fi Internet access, 40.5% (2,257) of the municipalities answered positively./p>
In 2019, 15.1% of the city governments (842) conducted a public consultation online for the submission of contributions to laws, budgets and plans, mostly by means of the city government portal or website. A part of it, 14.5% (805), also conducted an online enquiry on issues of municipal interest – most often using social media, in 9.8% of the municipalities.
Internal control framework was present in 94.4% of the municipalities
In 2019, 94.4% (5.259) of the municipalities reported having some type of framework for internal control. Considering municipalities with that framework, 93.1% had that instrument implemented by means of a legal instrument (4,889), in most cases by law (87.9% or 4,305 municipalities). In terms of the organizational framework, it was most common to have a sector under municipal management (59.0%), followed by an exclusive municipal secretariat (22.7%) and a sector another secretariat (16.7%).
Among the 5,259 municipalities with a framework, in 4,792 (91.1%) there were persons employed specifically in the activity, whereas 467 municipalities had employed persons sharing or lent for internal control activities.
In terms of the executed activities, work is diverse, with highest proportions for the control of expenses (95.9%) and revenue (92.1%). Corruption prevention activities (61.8%) and application of public resources by private law entities (53.8%) were the least recurrent ones. Another 3.1% (164) of the municipalities with a framework reported not having any of the listed actions.
Public consortiums as a cooperation instrument increased
According to the survey conducted by Munic 2019, 69.2% of the municipalities were part of a public consortium. Compared to the figure in 2015 (66.3%), there was an increase in the number of municipalities with this type of cooperation instrument. Among the municipalities that reported participating in a public consortium in 2015 and 2019, it was observed there was an increase in the percentage of those with a consortium associated with the state, with a change from 9.3% (342), in 2015, to 13.8% (532) in 2019.
The analysis of answers of municipalities with some type of cooperation such as public consortium, by type of partnership, showed that intercity consortium were used by more 84% of the municipalities in all the Major Regions and ranges of population size, a 100% of the municipalities with a public consortium in the North Region. In the other Major Regions, also with 100% of the municipalities with a public consortium, were the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Sergipe, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Mato Grosso do Sul.
Southeast and Northeast concentrate municipalities with Public Security management
Only 23.6% of the municipalities have an organizational framework aimed at a security policy. In municipalities with more than 50,000 residents, the management body is present in more than 60% of the municipal administrations surveyed. In municipalities above 500,000 residents, there was a public security body in 97.9% of the municipalities.
The biggest percentage of municipalities with a management were in the Southeast and Northeast, Major Regions where population density is higher and demands more attention in terms of security policies. There was no significant change in participation of city administrations with or without a management body between 2014 and 2019 for most of the analyses, except in municipalities with 50,001 to 100 thousand mil residents, a group in which the percentage of city administrations with management bodies rose from 56.9% to 63.6%
There was a high percentage of men in management positions of public security departments, in 89.4% of the municipal bodies for that purpose. In addition to that, 60.2% of the men and 54.7% of the women in such positions were between 41 and 60 years of age. Most of them were white (57.1%) and well-qualified, with 62.4% of the total with a higher-education degree, at least .
There was an increase by 19.8% in the number of municipalities with security councils between 2014 and 2019. Nevertheless, only 65.5% of the 828 councils had meetings in the last 12 months.
Number of police municipalities with a police station falls
Between 2014 and 2019, the percentage of municipalities without a police station increased from 23% to 26.3%. That reduced presence is related to the decrease in the proportion of municipalities with Civil Police Stations, with a decrease from 76.9% to 73.5%, in the same period. That was most significant in municipalities with up to 20,000 residents.
Among special stations, Women's Police Stations are still the most common type, found in 7.9% of the municipalities.
From 2014 to 2019, the percentage of municipalities with a Municipal Guard went from 15.5% to 19.4%. The states where the percentage of municipalities with a Municipal Guard increased significantly were Rio de Janeiro, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Maranhão and Amazonas.
Only 15.6% of the Municipal Guard corps were women, in 2019. The percentage was 13.4% in 2009. Munic shows that 75.6% of the city administrations with Guard corps promoted training courses for professionals in 2019. Training and improvement courses were offered in 865 municipalities, which is equivalent to 72.8% of the total.
From 2014 to 2019, it changed from 15.6% to 22.4%, the percentage of municipalities where the Municipal Guard uses on guns and non-lethal weapons. Only 46.8% of the city governments reported having implemented some type of control measure of Municipal Guards in 2019.
The Northeast was the Major Region recording the biggest increase (7.9%) in the number of municipalities with an organizational framework for that segment, from 2014 to 2019. Rio de Janeiro remains as the only state with the biggest proportion of municipalities that have secretariats for human rights, even together with other policies. In the other states, most of the municipalities have a policy for human rights organized into sectors under some other secretariat.
In 76.7% of the municipalities, women in charge of municipal bodies for human rights. In this respect, the groups that received most attention are children and teenagers, with 93.4% of the municipalities with actions and specific programs due to compliance. Other groups which are the focus of municipalities in the field of human rights are the elderly (91.3%), women (87.2%) and persons with special necessities (83.3%).
Number of units for social and educational measures increases by 77%
In 2019, there were 671 municipalities with units for the adoption of social and educational measures in Brazilian municipalities, with an increase of 77% against 2014. The increase was observed in all the Major Regions, but it was in the Southeast Region that the increase was most significant, with an increase by 96%.
Although the process of municipalization of socio and educational measures, the number of city governments that reported not having executed social and educational measures, the number of city administrations that did not execute social and educational measures for teenagers in conflict with the law fell from 36.2%, in 2014 to 2019. The Northeast, as in 2014, remains as the leader in terms of municipalities without social and educational measures
Results indicate a strong decrease in the number of municipalities promoting at least one type of program, action or measure aimed at persons with special necessities, since from 2014 to 2019 that percentage fell from 85.1% to 61.7% of the total.
In 2019, 493 municipalities reported not having a body in charge of receiving, registering and monitoring violation of rights. That figure was significantly lower than in 2014, when there were 828 municipalities in such conditions. Among municipalities with up to 20,000 residents, 384 did not have that type of body, in 2019.
Privatization in municipalities of Santa Catarina was above the national average
In 2019, 7.7% (or 431) of the Brazilian municipalities reported having taken some action in privatization in the last 24 months. Acre, Roraima and Amapá were the only Federation Units with privatization measures. In the country, 10 Federation Units had municipalities with privatization above the national average: Santa Catarina (15.9%), Goiás (15.0%), Espírito Santo (11.5%), Ceará (11.4%), São Paulo (10.4%), Paraná (10.3%), Mato Grosso do Sul (10.1%), Rondônia (9.6%), Piauí (9.4%) and Mato Grosso (7.8%).
The percentage of municipalities surveyed increased from 92.4% (5,144) to 93.7% (5,218), between 2012 and 2015, and recorded a small decrease from 2015 to 2019, with a change from 93.7% (5,218) to 93.2% (5,194), respectively. Among the 376 municipalities charging no taxes in 2019, 365 had 50,000 or fewer residents.
Considering the 5,194 municipalities charging some type of tax, public lighting was the most common one, encompassing 75.8% of them, followed by garbage collection taxes (51.1%), police power (47.0%) and public sanitation (34.8%).