Continuous PNAD - Tourism: domestic trips made up 96.1% of the total in 2019
August 12, 2020 10h00 AM | Last Updated: August 13, 2020 07h10 PM
The analysis of 21.4 million trips showed that 96.1% (20.6 million) were domestic and 3.9% (828.7 thousand) were international.
In 73.9% (15.8 million) of the investigated trips, the traveler spent at least on night on the way or in their place of destination.
In 83.8% of the trips the number of travelers ranged between one and three. In 45.4%, there was only one traveler; in 38.5% of them, there were two or three travelers, and in only 7.9%, four or five travelers.
Considering all the trips by Brazilian households, 13.5% were for professional reasons and 86.5% for personal reasons.
Among the trips for personal reasons, 36.1% were visits to relatives; 31.5% were for leisure and 17,5% were for healthcare and well-being purposes. The third group corresponded to one out of every four trips in the range of persons earning between ½ and one minimum wages, but it represented only 4.6% in the range of four or more minimum wages.
Regarding reasons for leisure, 34.3% reported having traveled to enjoy sunlight and beaches. Trips with cultural purposes corresponded to 27.2%, whereas ecotourism and adventure tourism to 25.6%.
The home of friends or relatives was the main place of accommodation for more than half of the households units earning up to less than two minimum wages.
A private car was the main means of transportation used in trips (46.6%), followed by regular bus line (16.0%) and airplane (15.3%).
The most visited Major Regions in Brazil were: Southeast (39.5%), Northeast (27.8%) and South (16.5%). The same ones stood out as Major Regions origin of travelers, with 42.3%, 25.1% e and 16.2%, respectively. The state receiving most travelers was São Paulo (18.9%), followed by Minas Gerais (12.8%).
The data is part of the Tourism supplement of the Continuous National Household Sample Survey 2019, which presents data on flow of tourists between the different regions in Brazil and to foreign countries. The survey was conducted in partnership with the Ministry of Tourism – Mtur.
In almost half of the households without any trips, the reason was economic
Tourism was a topic investigated by the Continuous National
Household Sample Survey in Q3 2019. In 21.8% of the 72.5 million households visited the survey registered the occurrence a trip that had ended in the three months preceding the interview. The interviews took place in the months of July, August and September.
Among the 56.7 million housing units (78.2% of the total) where there were no trips, 83.9% had earnings below two minimum wages and 17.1% reported having earnings of two or more minimum wages in 2019.
The main reasons reported for not taking trips in the period were: lack of money (48.9%), lack of time (18.5%) and lack of necessity (13.5%). In the analysis by earnings, among municipalities with per capita earnings belowv two minimum wages, the main reason for not traveling was lack of money. Among the municipalities with earnings of two or more minimum wages, the predominant cause was lack of time.
|Reason for not traveling||Permanent private housing units where no resident traveled
Brazil - Q3 2019
|Total||Ranges of per capita houshold earnings (minimum wages)|
|Less than 1/2||1/2 to less than 1||1 to less than 2||2 to less than 4||4 or more|
|Lack of money||48.9||64.7||55.5||43.5||29.8||16.1|
|Lack of time||18.5||7.1||14.8||21.8||32.4||39.1|
|Not a priority||4.8||2.8||4.1||5.1||7.6||10.0|
|Lack of interest||7.2||5.5||6.7||8.0||8.4||10.0|
|Lack of necessity||13.5||16.2||13.1||12.4||11.8||12.7|
|Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Trabalho e Rendimento Nominal, Pesquisa por Am ostra de Domicílios Contínua – 2019.
(1) Including the reasons: not enjoying traveling and not having company.
Domestic destinations correspond to 96.1% of the trips analyzed
Of the 15.8 million households whose residents traveled, 95.5% registered up to 3 occurrences, with a predominance of one trip in 75.5% of the housing units.
The survey identified a total 23.4 million trips in the period of reference, out of which 21.4 million were detailed by informants. The average was 1.5 trips per household with a traveler.
In this context, a trip is a journey made by a person or group, out of their usual surroundings, from the moment of departure up to the moment of return. In Brazil, in the period surveyed, 96.1% (20.6 million) of the trips analyzed were domestic and 3.9% (828.7 thousand) were international. Of all the trips from Brazilian households, 13.5% were for professional reasons and 86.5% for personal reasons.
In 73.9% of the trips investigated there was an overnight stay, that is, in 15.8 million trips the traveler spent at least one night on the way or in the place of destination. In 16.6% of those trips only one night stay was registered, in 37.6%, two or three nights, and in 14.8%, four or five nights.
In 83.8% of the trips, the number of travelers ranged from one to three. Most of the trips for professional reasons had only one traveler, whereas in trips for personal reasons, one to three travelers was the most common.
In 45.4% of the trips, on average only one resident took part, in 38.5% of them, two to three residents; and in only 6.9%, 4 or 5 residents. The survey does not consider the participation of different households in one same trip.
One out of every four trips in the range of earnings of 1/2 to less than one minimum wage is aimed at healthcare and welfare
Of the 21.4 million trips investigated,18.5 million were for personal reasons. The main purposes were leisure, shopping for personal interests, religion, healthcare and welfare, visits to relatives or friends, family events and other (including cruises, courses, studies and congresses).
In the period analyzed, 36.1% of the trips for personal reasons were visits to relatives, 31.5% were for leisure and 17.5% for healthcare and welfare. That last category includes trips for medical appointments, hospitalization for treatment or surgeries, psychological care, and also tourist trips aiming at the release of stress, such as to spas, thermal centers or retreats.
Among the housing units with earnings above four minimum wages, trips for leisure were predominant, 55.4%. Among classes of earnings below one minimum wage, the main reasons for trips were visits to relatives and healthcare and welfare, accounting for more than 60% of the trips in those ranges.
In the range of ½ to less than one minimum wage, one out of every four trips was for healthcare and welfare purposes. In the range of four or more minimum wages, that reason was reported in only 4.6% of the trips.
More than one third of the leisure trips is to the beach
Among the reasons for leisure, 34.3% reported having traveled for a sun and beach type of tourism, characterized by tourism trips for rest or entertainment where there is a combination of sunlight, the sea and heat. Trips with a cultural motivation, with access to the historical and cultural heritage of a place, as well as to cultural events that can value and promote material and immaterial cultural goods, also occurred at high percentages (27.2%). Tourism activities where the attractions include natural beauties and landscapes actions equally represented an important share (25.6%) of leisure tourism.
In almost all the ranges of earnings, leisure tourism in search of sun and beach was predominant, versus the other possibilities. In the range of 4 or more minimum wages, cultural tourism recorded the biggest participation, with 34.4% of the trips.
Among all the movements for professional reasons (13.5%), "business and labor" was way ahead of the other causes, having surpassed 70% in all the ranges of earnings.
Homes of relatives or friends are the main types of accomodation
Homes of friends or relatives were the main types of accommodation, representing 47.3% among the options. "House or flat" was in the second position.
For ranges of earnings below 4 minimum wages, the option "home of friends or relatives" surpassed the others, representing 51.8% in the lowest range of earnings and reaching 35% in the highest range. For housing units with average per capita earnings of 4 minimum wages or more, the option hotel or flat represented 38.1% of the stays, whereas in the others it ranged from 3% to 23%. That was the only range of earning where stays at a hotel and flat surpassed the other types.
A private or company car is the main means of transportation in trips
A private or company car was the main means of transportation used in trips (46.6% of the total), followed by the bus and the airplane as the main means of transportation. The airplane had a significant participation in trips for personal purposes (12.9%) but it was a highlight in professional trips (30.5%).
The use of bus lines decreases with the household earnings and the airplane follows the opposite path.
|Trips of residents of permanent private households, in the period of reference of last three months, by ranges of per capita monthly household earnings, by main means of transportation used - Brazil - Q3 2019|
|Main means of transportation used||Trips of residents of permanent private households, in the period of reference of last three months|
|Total||Ranges of per capita monthly household earnings|
|Less than 1/2||1/2 to less than 1||1 to less than 2||2 to less than 4||4 or more|
|Private or company car||46,6||25.8||43.6||51.6||58.3||46.2|
|Excursion, rented or tourism bus||7.1||7.7||9.3||8.2||7.0||3.1|
|Regular bus line||16.0||26.5||22.2||17.9||10.2||5.3|
|Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Trabalho e Rendimento, Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios Contínua - 2019.
Note: Except cruise trips.
(1) Including the means of tranportation: rental car, ship or boat and train.
Southeast, Northeast and South are the most often visited regions and the origin of most travelers
In Q3 2019, the most visited Major Regions in Brazil were: Southeast (39.5%), Northeast (27.8%) and South (16.5%). The same ones were a highlight as the origin of travelers, with 42.3%, 25.1% and 16.2%, respectively.
A significant part of those trips occurred within one same Major Region, and also, in the same state. The Major Region receiving most visitors were São Paulo (18.9%), followed by Minas Gerais (12.8%).
Intrastate trips (which occurred within the Federation Unit itself) surpassed 50% in the occurrences registered.