PNAD COVID19: 29.4 million housing units received some emergency aid in June
July 23, 2020 09h00 AM | Last Updated: July 27, 2020 10h45 PM
In June, about 29.4 million housing units received some aid related to the pandemic (such as the Emergency Aid and the Emergency Benefit for Employment and Income Maintenance), corresponding to 43% of the total housing units (68.3 million) in the country. In May, they had amounted to 26.3 million, and reached about 38.7% of the total. The average benefit paid was R$ 881 per housing unit. In the North and Northeast, respectively, 60.0% and 58.9% received that type of aid.
Among the 83.4 million housing units in the country, about 14.8 million were temporarily away from work and, among those, 7.1 without compensation, which is equivalent to 48.4% of the workers in this condition. In May, this percentage reached 51.3%, that is, 9.7 million persons. in the Northeast, 51.8% of the persons who were not working had no compensation.
The percentage of persons away from work due to the pandemic fell from 18.6% to 14.2% of the employed persons in June, amounting to 11.8 million persons. The Northeast had the biggest percentage of persons away from work due to social isolation measures (20.2%), followed by the North, (17.1%), whereas the South was the least affected Major Region (7.8%). In all the Major Regions, the proportion of persons not working due to that reason recorded a decrease.
In June, 27.3% of the employed population (or 18.7 million persons) worked less than their usual working hours, whereas about 2.6 million persons worked longer hours. The average number of hours worked per week (29.5h) in the country was below the usual average (39.8h).
A similar effect was observed in the real earnings of workers (R$ 1.,944), which was 16.6% below the usual earnings (R$ 2,332). In May, that ratio was of 18.5%.
The unemployment rate in June was of 12.4%, and recorded an increase of 1.7 percentage points against the May figure (10.7%). The rate increased in all the Major Regions from May to June, with a change from 11.2% to 13.2% in the Northeast, from 10.9% to 12.9% in the Southeast, from 11.4% to 2,.% in the Central West, from 11.0% to 12.3% in the North and from 8.9% to 10.0% in the South.
In June, about 15.5 million persons (or 7.3% of the population) had flu-like symptoms. In May, they amounted to 11.4% of the population (24 million). In terms of the summary indicator, 2.4 million persons (or 1.1% of the population) had some overlapped symptoms that could indicate infection by Covid-19 (loss of taste or smell or fever, cough and difficulty to breathe, and pain in the chest), against 4.2 million in May (2.0% of the population).
The data comes from the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD COVID19) and is part of the IBGE's Experimental Statistics. The tables and the survey presentation are available on the right of the page. For additional information on the IBGE actions to combat the pandemic, visit the hotsite covid19.ibge.gov.br.
43% of the housing units received some type of monetary aid due to the pandemic
In June, about 29.4 million households received emergency aid, corresponding to 43% of the total housing units (68.3 million) in Brazil. In May, those were 26.3 million housing units, or 37.7%.
The average benefit paid was R$ 881 per housing unit. The percentage of housing units receiving the aid increased in all the Major Regions, with highest figures in the North and Northeast, 60.0% and 58.9%, respectively.
Percentage of housing units receiving some type of aid due to the pandemic and average amount received – Brazil and Major Regions – May and June 2020
About 80% of the households in the first two deciles of income (up to R$ 242.15) and about three fourths of the households of the third decile (up to R$ 354 18) were granted the emergency aid. Around 74.2% of the households receiving the aid had per capita earnings of up to R$ 665.11.
Approximately 104.5 million persons were living in households where at least one resident received the aid. That is 49.5% of the e decilemployment population in the country. In the first decile of per capita household earnings (up to R$ 50.34), 83.5% of the persons were living in households that received the benefit (versus 76% in May); in the second decile (up to R$242.15) that percentage reached 86.1% (versus 81.1% in May). The emergency aid had relevant effects on per capita household earnings as well , especially in the first two ranges.
Percentage of persons living in households receiving emergency aid, by deciles of per capita monthly household earnings – June 2020
The survey also shows the increase of per capita household earnings after receipt of the emergency aid is relevant in all the Major Regions, with an increase in relevance against May.
Per Capita Household Earnings Before and After Receipt of the Emergency Aid by Deciles of Per Capita Household Earnings
Programs of direct income transfers reached 46.6% of the households
Programs of direct income transfers reached 46.6% of the Brazilian households (versus 42,7% in May). In 31.8 million households one of the residents benefited from one of the following: Emergency Aid, Unemployment Aid, Continuous Cash Benefit or Bolsa Familia Program.
Northeast and Southeast record highest unemployment rates
In June, PNAD COVID19 estimated that Brazil's population at working age, that is, those aged 14 and over, amounted to 170.1 million. Those in the workforce were 95.2 million, with 83.4 million employed and 11.8 million unemployed. The population out of the workforce amounted to 74.9 million persons.
Against May, the number of persons in the workforce fell 0.6%. Total employed persons decreased 1.1% total unemployed persons decreased by 16.6%. In all the Major Regions, the unemployed population got bigger, with major changes recorded in the Southeast (18.8%) and the Northeast (18.6%), and lower changes in the Central West (9.1%).
The unemployment rate was 12.4% in June, 1.7 percentage points above the May figure (10.7%). The rate increased in all the Major Regions from May to June, changing from 11.2% to 13.2% in the Northeast; from 10.9% to 12.9% in the Southeast; from 11.4% to
12.4% in the Central West; from 11.0% to 12.3% in the North; and from 8.9% to 10.0% in the South Region.
Percentage of persons temporarily away from work due to the pandemic falls from 18.6% to 14.2%
Among the 83.4 million workers in the country, 14.8 million were temporarily away from work in the week of reference and 11.8 million were due to social distancing. These figures represent decreases of 22.2% and 24.9% against the total number of persons temporarily away in May. These reduced figures can also be observed considering the decrease in the proportion of persons away due to those reasons in the total employed persons, which fell from 18.6% to 14.2% between May and June.
Persons employed and persons temporarily away from work in the week of reference – Brazil and Major Regions - May - June 2020