PIA Product: crude petroleum oil, diesel fuel, iron ore, cars and meat stand out in industry in 2018

June 18, 2020 10h00 AM | Last Updated: June 25, 2020 05h02 PM

In 2018, sales revenue in the 39.0 thousand industrial units of the 32.5 thousand enterprises with 30 or more employed persons added up to R$2.6 trillion.

The five largest shares were of food products (16.9%), chemicals (10.3%), coke, petroleum products and biofuels (10.1%), motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (9.9%) and basic metals (7.4%).

From 2017 to 2018, the manufacture of cars gained 0.5 percentage points of share, though it dropped one position in the ranking, from the 3rd to the 4th position. On the other hand, extraction of petroleum and natural gas changed from the 11th position in 2017 to the 6th position in 2018.

Having sold R$88.5 billion and with a share of 3.4% of the total, crude petroleum oil took the first position in the ranking between 2017 and 2018, exchanging position with diesel fuel, which sold R$82.4 billion with a share of 3.2%.

In 2018, the 100 industrial products with the highest sales value added up a revenue of R$1.4 trillion, the equivalent to 54.7% of the total revenue of the local units of the enterprises with 30 or more employed persons.

Among the products that mostly lost positions over 2017, soaps or powdered detergents, powdered milk and syrup preparations for beverages for industrial purposes stood out.

In the North Region, the three major industrial products – iron ore, TV sets and mobile telephones – concentrated 32.8% of the total sales in the region. In the Central-West, meat, ethanol for fuel use and residues from the production of soybean oil represented 29.4% of the regional total.

This information is from the Annual Survey of Industry - PIA Product 2018, which brings that on production value, net sales revenue, and amount produced and sold, based on the investigation of local units of the enterprises with 30 or more employed persons and/or that earned a gross revenue above R$15.1 million in the year before that of reference of the survey.

Ten industrial activities concentrate 74.1% of sales value

In 2018, nearly 3.4 thousand industrial products and services manufactured by 32.5 thousand enterprises with 30 or more persons employed and their 39.0 thousand industrial local units were surveyed. The sales revenue in the industrial local units added up to R$2.6 trillion in 2018 and the sectors with largest shares among the 29 investigated were: food products (16.9%), chemicals (10.3%), coke, petroleum products and biofuels (10.1%), motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (9.9%), basic metals (7.4%), extraction of petroleum and natural gas (4.1%), extraction of metallic minerals (4.0%), machinery and equipment (4.0%), pulp, paper and paper products (3.8%) and rubber and plastic products (3.6%). The sum of these ten major industrial activities concentrated 74.1%% of the total sales value of industrial products and services in 2018.

In relation to 2017, the industrial sectors that mostly gained share in sales were coke, petroleum products and biofuels (1.1 percentage points), extraction of petroleum and natural gas (0.9 p.p.), basic metals (0.7 p.p.), motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (0.5 p.p.) and extraction of metallic minerals (0.3 p.p.). Conversely, the activities that mostly lost share were food products (-1.8 percentage points), beverages (-0.3 p.p.), other transportation equipment (-0.2 p.p.), manufacture of wearing apparel and accessories (-0.2%) and rubber and plastic products (-0.2%).

Even gaining share, the manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and bodies lost one position in the ranking between 2017 and 2018, changing from the 3rd to the 4th position and exchanging positions with coke, petroleum products and biofuels. The extraction of petroleum and natural gas changed from the 11th to the 6th position in the period.

Crude petroleum oil was the major product in sales in 2018.

In the ranking of the ten major products in relation to sales in 2018, the group of crude petroleum oil led the sales with R$88.5 billion and share of 3.4% of the total. It was followed by diesel fuel (R$82.4 billion and 3.2% of share), iron ore (R$72.2 billion and 2.8%), cars with 1,500 to 3,000 gasoline, ethanol or bi-fuel engine power (R$61.4 billion and 2.3%), fresh or cooled meat (R$50.4 billion and 1.9%), denatured ethanol for fuel use (R$47.7 billion and 1.8%), motor gasoline (R$45.6 billion and 1.7%), chemical pulp (R$37.1 billion and 1.4%), cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues of soybean oil extraction (R$32.0 billion and 1.2%) and mobile telephones (R$29.1 billion and 1.1%). The ten major products, together, accounted for 20.8% of the sales value in 2018, a share above that registered in 2017 (19.2%).

Between 2017 and 2018, crude petroleum oil exchanged positions in the ranking with diesel. Denatured ethanol for fuel use also rose one position, exchanging positions with gasoline. However, the biggest evolution in the period came from chemical pulp, which increased from the 12th position in 2017 to the 8th position in 2018.

The 100 products with the highest sales value added up a revenue of R$1.4 trillion

In 2018, the 100 industrial products with the highest sales value added up a revenue of R$1.4 trillion, the equivalent to 54.7% of the total revenue of the industrial local units of the enterprises with 30 or more employed persons. Among those products, those that mostly gained positions in the ranking over 2017 were: zinc and unwrought zinc alloys (ingots, plates, etc.), which changed from the 152nd to the 93rd position, naphtha (from the 112th to the 69th), unwrought aluminum alloys (ingots, plates, grits, etc.) (from the 111th to the 84th), tractor trucks (mechanic horses) for trailers and semitrailers (from the 56th to the 30th), harvesters (from the 105th to the 80th), carbon steel rebars (from the 115th to the 91st), iron and steel twisted tubes (from the 122nd to the 98th), vehicles for transportation of goods, with diesel engine, with maximum load capacity not above 5 t (from the 69th to the 47th), ferroniobium (from the 78th to the 57th) and metal laminates (from the 100th to the 79th).

Soaps, powdered milk and syrup for beverages recorded the biggest drops in the ranking between 2017 and 2018

The ten products that mostly lost positions over 2017 were: soaps and powdered detergents (from the 68th to the 100th position), powdered milk (from the 63rd to the 90th), syrup preparations for beverages for industrial purposes (from the 47th to the 63rd), herbicides (from the 33rd to the 49th), roasted and ground coffee (from the 36th to the 51st), unwrought non-alloy aluminum (from the 80th to the 95th), services related to the extraction of petroleum and gas, except prospecting (from the 31st to the 45th), bar chocolates and candies (from the 54th to the 68th), milled or semi-milled rice (from the 37th to the 50th) and crude soybean oil (from the 42nd to the 54th).

Biggest concentration of sales revenue of industrial products are in the North and Central-West

The analysis of the regional data pointed out to a bigger concentration of the major industrial products in the North and Central-West regions and, less intensely, in the other regions. In the North Region, responsible for 6.9% of the sales value in Brazil, iron ores (19.3%), televisions (6.9%) and mobile telephones (6.6%) registered the biggest shares and accounted for 32.8% of the total sales in that region.

In the Central-West, which was responsible for 6.5% of the overall industrial revenue, the highlights were fresh or cooled beef (12.6%), denatured ethanol for fuel use (8.8%) and cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues of soybean oil extraction (8.0%), which accounted for 29.4% of the sales.

In the Northeast, which concentrated 11.0% of the industrial sales, the highlights were diesel fuel (5.9%), cars with 1,500 to 3,000 gasoline, ethanol or bi-fuel engine power (4.8%) and chemical pulp (3.3%), which corresponded to 14.0% of the overall revenue.

In the Southeast, most industrialized region in Brazil with more than half (55.4%) of the total sales and where the largest oil fields in Brazil are located, the three major products, crude petroleum oil (6.1%), diesel fuel (2.7%) and cars with 1,500 to 3,000 gasoline, ethanol or bi-fuel engine power (2.5%), added up to 11.3% of the total sales revenue.

Lastly, in the South Region, which corresponded to 20.2% of the national sales, the leading products were diesel fuel (3.9%), frozen poultry and giblets (2.9%) and cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues of soybean oil extraction (2.1%), which reached 8.9% of the sales value in the region.

In the ten-year time series (2009-2018), only the Southeast lost share (from 62.0% to 55.4%), a loss that was especially absorbed by the Central-West (from 4.0% to 6.5%) and Northeast (from 8.6% to 11.0%).

Diesel fuel, cars and chemical pulp increased their share in the Northeast in ten years.

The analysis of the dynamic of the production chains between 2009 and 2018 showed the advance of products in the ranking of each region, as well as products listed as major highlights in 2018 that were not in the ranking in 2009. The extraction of iron ore in the North was consolidated, especially in Pará, as well as the electronics industry in the Free Zone of Manaus. The share gained by the Northeast was linked to the new production axis, formed by the petroleum, car and pulp and paper industries. In the Southeast, the petroleum chain advanced like, for example, in pre-salt exploitation in the Santos Basin, causing the relative reduction in importance of the manufacture of cars. In the South, the production of diesel fuel advanced, adding up to the manufacture of food products. In the Central-West, the production of meat gained share, with the relative reduction in importance of soybean residues in that region.