In December, industry falls in 12 of 15 places surveyed

February 11, 2020 09h00 AM | Last Updated: February 12, 2020 10h51 AM

In the seasonally-adjusted series, 12 out of the 15 places surveyed registered negative rates in December 2019, in line with the drop of 0.7% of the industrial output. The most intense drops were recorded in Mato Grosso (-4.7%), Rio de Janeiro (-4.3%) and Minas Gerais (-4.1%). The biggest advances were reported in Paraná (4.8%) and Pará (2.9%.). In the cumulative index in the year, seven out of the 15 states posted negative rates, highlighted by Espírito Santo (-15.7%) and Minas Gerais (-5.6%), with more intense drops than the national average (-1.1%). On the other hand, the biggest rises were registered in Paraná (5.7%), Amazonas (4.0%) and Goiás (2.9%). See the complete publication and more information on the right side of this page.

Short-term Indicators of Industry - Regional Results
December 2019
Places  Change (%)
December 2019/
November 2019*
December 2019/
December 2018
Cumulative 
January-December
Cumulative in the Last 12 Months
Amazonas -1.0 12.2 4.0 4.0
Pará 2.9 1.4 -1.3 -1.3
Northeast Region 0.3 3.8 -3.1 -3.1
Ceará -1.7 4.5 1.6 1.6
Pernambuco -1.7 -0.4 -2.2 -2.2
Bahia -2.4 -4.7 -2.9 -2.9
Minas Gerais -4.1 -13.6 -5.6 -5.6
Espírito Santo -2.3 -24.8 -15.7 -15.7
Rio de Janeiro -4.3 4.5 2.3 2.3
São Paulo -0.9 -1.6 0.2 0.2
Paraná 4.8 2.5 5.7 5.7
Santa Catarina -0.7 1.1 2.2 2.2
Rio Grande do Sul -1.2 -0.6 2.6 2.6
Mato Grosso -4.7 0.9 -2.6 -2.6
Goiás -1.5 -2.6 2.9 2.9
Brazil -0.7 -1.2 -1.1 -1.1
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria
* Seasonally-adjusted seriesl

In the drop of 0.7% of the national industrial output between November and December 2019 in the seasonally-adjusted series, 12 out of the 15 places surveyed registered negative rates. Mato Grosso (-4.7%), Rio de Janeiro (-4.3%) and Minas Gerais (-4.1%) recorded the steepest declines, the first one interrupting five consecutive months of advances in the production, a period in which it posted an expansion of 11.1%; the second one offsetting part of the gain of 4.6% registered in the months of October and November 2019; and the last one recording the third consecutive negative rate and accruing a loss of 8.7% in this period.

Bahia (-2.4%), Espírito Santo (-2.3%), Ceará (-1.7%), Pernambuco (-1.7%), Goiás (-1.5%), Rio Grande do Sul (-1.2%), Amazonas (-1.0%) and São Paulo (-0.9%) also recorded more intense declines than the national average (-0.7%), whereas Santa Catarina (-0.7%) completed the whole set of places with negative indexes in December 2019.

Conversely, Paraná (4.8%) and Pará (2.9%) posted the highest advances this month, the former offsetting part of the cumulative loss of 8.2% in the months of October and November; and the latter interrupting three consecutive months of a declining production, a period in which it accrued a retreat of 12.1%. The Northeast Region (0.3%) also registered a positive rate this month.

The index of quarterly moving average for the overall industry retreated 0.5% in the quarter ended in December 2019 against the previous month, sharpening the negative result registered in November 2019 (-0.2%), when it interrupted the upward trend started in July 2019.

Twelve out of the 15 places surveyed recorded negative rates this month, highlighted by the steeper declines registered in Espírito Santo (-4.7%), Minas Gerais (-3.0%), Pernambuco (-1.8%), Bahia (-1.7%), Paraná (-1.3%), Rio Grande do Sul (-1.0%) and São Paulo (-0.8%). On the other hand, Amazonas (0.2%) and the Northeast Region (0.2%) reported the advances in December 2019.

In the comparison with the same month of 2018, the industrial sector reduced 1.2% in December 2019, showing negative figures in seven out of the 15 places surveyed. Espírito Santo (-24.8%) and Minas Gerais (-13.6%) registered the most intense declines. Bahia (-4.7%), Goiás (-2.6%) and São Paulo (-1.6%) also recorded negative rates above the industry average (-1.2%), whereas Rio Grande do Sul (-0.6%) and Pernambuco (-0.4%) were the other places which declined the output this month.

Conversely, Amazonas (12.2%) posted the most intense advance in December 2019. Rio de Janeiro (4.5%), Ceará (4.5%), the Northeast Region (3.8%), Paraná (2.5%), Pará (1.4%), Santa Catarina (1.1%) and Mato Grosso (0.9%) also registered positive rates this month.

In the cumulative index for the period between January and December 2019, against the same period in the previous year, the reduction reported in the national output reached seven out of the 15 places surveyed, highlighted by Espírito Santo (-15.7%) and Minas Gerais (-5.6%). The Northeast Region (-3.1%), Bahia (-2.9%), Mato Grosso (-2.6%), Pernambuco (-2.2%) and Pará (-1.3%) recorded the other negative rates, all of them sharper than the industry average (-1.1%).

On the other hand, Paraná (5.7%), Amazonas (4.0%) and Goiás (2.9%) registered the highest advances in the cumulative index in the year. Rio Grande do Sul (2.6%), Rio de Janeiro (2.3%), Santa Catarina (2.2%), Ceará (1.6%) and São Paulo (0.2%) also posted positive rates in the cumulative indicator for January-December 2019.

Having retreated 1.1% in December 2019, the annualized rate, cumulative indicator over the last 12 months, reduced the pace of the loss compared with the results from previous months. In regional terms, seven out of the 15 places surveyed recorded negative rates in December 2019 and nine showed higher dynamism against the index of last November.

Amazonas (from 2.1% to 4.0%), the Northeast Region (from -3.9% to -3.1%), Ceará (from 0.9% to 1.6%) and Pernambuco (from -2.8% to -2.2%) registered the major gains between November and December 2019, whereas Espírito Santo (from -13.4% to -15.7%) and Minas Gerais (from -4.5% to -5.6%) recorded the major losses between the two periods.