In April, industry grows in 10 of the 15 places surveyed

June 11, 2019 09h00 AM | Last Updated: June 19, 2019 09h45 AM

The increase of 0.3% in the industrial production in April 2019, in the seasonally-adjusted series, was extended to ten of the fifteen places surveyed. Pernambuco (8.3%), Bahia (7.4%), Northeast Region (6.1%) and Mato Grosso (5.1%) recorded the largest advances, offsetting the drops in March: -4.7% , -10.0%, -8.7% and -6.6%, respectively. Ceará (3.7%), São Paulo (2.4%), Rio Grande do Sul (2.3%) and Santa Catarina (1.3%) also had results above the national average (0.3%). The other two positive rates were in Paraná (0.3%) and Minas Gerais (0.1%).

The support material of the Monthly Survey of Industry Pesquisa (PIM) - Regional edition is on the right.

Short-Term Indicators of Industry - Regional Results
April 2019 
Areas  Change (%)
April 2019/
March 2019*
April 2019/
April 2018
Cumulative January-April Cumulative Last 12 Months
Amazonas -1.2 4.0 -3.0 -2.7
Pará -30.3 -31.0 -7.8 5.0
Northeast Region 6.1 -0.9 -3.4 -1.0
Ceará 3.7 6.5 1.8 -0.1
Pernambuco 8.3 3.3 -1.1 2.8
Bahia 7.4 -1.2 -2.9 -0.8
Minas Gerais 0.1 -10.9 -4.8 -2.6
Espírito Santo -5.5 -18.0 -10.3 -3.2
Rio de Janeiro -4.5 -8.8 -3.2 -0.4
São Paulo 2.4 -2.5 -2.6 -2.3
Paraná 0.3 2.1 6.2 3.1
Santa Catarina 1.3 3.2 3.0 2.8
Rio Grande do Sul 2.3 6.3 6.2 6.6
Mato Grosso 5.1 -3.9 -4.8 -2.6
Goiás -1.4 -5.9 -0.2 -4.9
Brazil 0.3 -3.9 -2.7 -1.1
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria 
* Seasonally-Adjusted Series

On the other hand, Pará, with an atypical decline (-30.3%), had the most intense loss in the month, mainly due to negative behavior in the mining and quarrying sector. There were influences not only of the shutdown of productive plants due to environmental issues, as a consequence of the rupture of a mining tailings dam in the Brumadinho region (MG), but also to the impact caused by the higher volume of rainfall in the period. This was the strongest decline in the time series and the third consecutive in this comparison, accumulating a reduction of 38.8% in the period. The other negative rates were in Espírito Santo (-5.5%), Rio de Janeiro (-4.5%), Goiás (-1.4%) and Amazonas (-1.2%).

Also in the seasonally adjusted series, the industry's quarterly moving average fell by 0.1% in the quarter ended April 2019, compared to the previous month and maintained the predominantly downward trend that began in August 2018. Six of the fifteen areas surveyed reported negative rates (-13.5%), Espírito Santo (-4.3%), Minas Gerais (-2.6%), Rio de Janeiro (-1.5%) and Goiás (- 0.9%). On the other hand, Pernambuco (2.9%), Paraná (1.2%), Ceará (1.2%), Sao Paulo (1.2%), Santa Catarina (1.1%) and Bahia 9%) recorded the highest increases in April 2019.

In relation to April 2018, the industry declined in nine of the15 areas

In relation to the same month of 2018, the industrial sector fell by 3.9% in April 2019, with nine of the fifteen places surveyed recording negative results. It is worth mentioning that April 2019 (21 days) had the same number of working days as the same month of the previous year (21).

This month, Pará (-31.0%), Espírito Santo (-18.0%) and Minas Gerais (-10.9%) reported double-digit and most intense declines, mainly due to falls observed in the sectors of mining and quarrying, in the first place; mining and quarrying and pulp, paper and paper products in the second; and mining and quarrying industries, in the last one.

Rio de Janeiro (-8.8%) and Goiás (-5.9%) also had sharper negative rates than the national average (-3.9%), while Mato Grosso (-3.9%), Sao Paulo (-2.5%), Bahia (-1.2%) and the Northeast Region (-0.9%) completed the set of locations with a decrease in production in that month.

On the other hand, Ceará (6.5%), Rio Grande do Sul (6.3%) and Amazonas (4.0%) showed the sharpest advances in April 2019, driven, to a large extent, by the positive behavior of the activities of metal products, leather goods, travel goods and footwear and beverages, in the first place; motor vehicles, trailers and bodies and other chemical products, in the second; and beverages, in the last one. Pernambuco (3.3%), Santa Catarina (3.2%) and Paraná (2.1%) also showed positive rates in the month.

In the year, the industry accumulated falls in 11 out of 15 places

In the cumulative in the year, compared to the same period of 2018, there were falls in eleven of the fifteen places surveyed, and the highlights were Espírito Santo (-10.3%) and Pará (-7.8%), mainly due to the retreats in the mining and quarrying industries (crude petroleum oils and pelletized or sintered iron ores) and pulp, paper and paper products (pulp) in the first place; and mining and quarrying industries (raw or improved iron ores) in the second.

Mato Grosso (-4.8%), Minas Gerais (-4.8%), the Northeast Region (-3.4%), Rio de Janeiro (-3.2%), Amazonas (-3.0%) and Bahia (-2.9%), also recorded negative rates higher than the industry average (-2.7%), while São Paulo (-2.6%), Pernambuco (-1.1%) and Goiás (0.2%) completed the set of locations with a decrease in production at the close of the first four months of 2019.

On the other hand, Rio Grande do Sul (6.2%) and Paraná (6.2%) recorded the highest increases in the year, mainly driven by the positive behavior of motor vehicles, trailers and bodies and metal products in the first place; and food products, motor vehicles, trailers and bodies and machinery and equipment (harvesting machines) in the second. Santa Catarina (3.0%) and Ceará (1.8%) also showed positive rates accumulated in the year.

In 12 months, the industry accumulates drops in 10 of the 15 places

In the cumulative index in the last twelve months, the industry decreased 1.1% in April 2019 - the second consecutive negative result, intensifying the downward trend that began in July 2018 (3.3%). Ten of the fifteen sites surveyed showed negative rates in April. Moreover, in this comparison, fourteen places showed less dynamism compared to the indices of last March, either with negative rates or with decelerations.

Pará (from 7.2% to 5.0%), Rio de Janeiro (from 1.1% to -0.4%), São Paulo (from -1.0% to -2.3%), Espírito Santo (from -2.0% to -3.2%), Minas Gerais (-1.4% to -2.6%) and Mato Grosso (-1.4% to -2.6%) were the main pace of decline between March and April 2019, while Ceará (from -0.1% to -0.1%) was the only one that maintained the same rate in the period.

INdicators of the Monthly Survey of Industry
Regional results - Cumulative in the Last 12 Months 
(Base: Previous last 12 months)
Places Percentage change (%)
March/2019 April/2019
Amazonas -2.1 -2.7
Pará 7.2 5.0
Northeast Region -0.7 -1.0
Ceará -0.1 -0.1
Pernambuco 3.3 2.8
Bahia -0.3 -0.8
Minas Gerais -1.4 -2.6
Espírito Santo -2.0 -3.2
Rio de Janeiro 1.1 -0.4
São Paulo -1.0 -2.3
Paraná 4.0 3.1
Santa Catarina 3.7 2.8
Rio Grande do Sul 7.0 6.6
Mato Grosso -1.4 -2.6
Goiás -4.1 -4.9
Brazil -0.1 -1.1
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria

In the four-month period, industry falls in 10 of the 15 places

On a four-month basis, the industrial sector, declining by 2.7% in the first four months of 2019, intensified the drop observed in the last four months of 2018 (-1.5%) and remained with the clear loss of pace initiated in the first four months of 2018 (4.4%), all comparisons against the same period of the previous year.

Indicators of the Monthly Survey of Industry - Regional Results
(Base: Same period a year ago)
Places Percentage Change (%)
1st Four-month/2018 2nd Four-monht/2018 3rd Four-month/2018 Jan-Apr/2019
Amazonas 21.1 1.3 -6.2 -3.0
Pará 6.9 11.2 10.3 -7.8
Northeast Region 0.6 1.0 -0.8 -3.4
Ceará 3.5 -3.3 1.4 1.8
Pernambuco 3.4 8.5 1.7 -1.1
Bahia 2.2 -0.8 1.2 -2.9
Minas Gerais -1.4 -2.7 -0.5 -4.8
Espírito Santo -5.3 -3.4 3.7 -10.3
Rio de Janeiro 4.7 5.1 -2.9 -3.2
São Paulo 7.8 0.5 -4.9 -2.6
Paraná 1.0 2.8 0.7 6.2
Santa Catarina 7.3 2.2 3.3 3.0
Rio Grande do Sul 3.6 3.8 9.9 6.2
Mato Grosso 3.5 -2.2 -1.0 -4.8
Goiás 0.7 -5.8 -7.2 -0.2
Brazil 4.4 0.7 -1.5 -2.7
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria

Ten of the fifteen places surveyed reported a loss of dynamism, with the highlights being Pará (from 10.3% to -7.8%), Espírito Santo (from 3.7% to -10.3%), Minas Gerais (from -0.0% , From 5% to -4.8%), Bahia (from 1.2% to -2.9%), Mato Grosso (from -1.0% to -4.8%) and Rio Grande do Sul (from 9 , 9% to 6.2%). On the other hand, Goiás (from -7.2% to -0.2%) and Paraná (from 0.7 to 6.2%) pointed the most significant advances between the two periods.