Diesel, crude petroleum oil, iron ore and cars are four most important products of Brazilian industry

June 06, 2019 10h00 AM | Last Updated: June 10, 2019 01h11 PM

The IBGE´s Annual Survey of Industry - PIA Product 2017 unveiled that diesel fuel was the product with the highest sales value in the Brazilian industry: R$63.7 billion, the equivalent of 2.8% of the total. It was followed by crude petroleum oil (2.6%), iron ore (2.6%) and cars between 1,500 and 3,000 cm3 (2.1%). In a universe with nearly 3,400 products, these four major ones concentrated 10.1% of the total sales of the sector, which hit R$2.3 trillion in 2017. On the other hand, the hundred most important industrial products accounted for 53% of the sales of the sector. In the North Region, nearly one third of the sales came from three products only: iron ore, televisions and cell phones. The support material of PIA Product is on the right side.

The Annual Survey of Industry - PIA Product investigates the production and sales of products and services by the Brazilian industry. In 2017, nearly 3,400 products manufactured by 32.9 thousand enterprises with 30 and more persons employed and their 39.5 thousand industrial local units were surveyed.

The sales value in the industrial local units of these products added up to R$2.3 trillion in 2017 and the sector with the biggest shares among the 29 investigated were: food products (18.7%), chemicals (10.2%), motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (9.4%), coke, petroleum products and biofuels (9.0%), basic metals (6.6%), machinery and equipment (4.0%), rubber and plastic products (3.8%), extraction of metallic minerals (3.7%), pulp, paper and paper products (3.6%) and computer, electronic and optical products (3.3%). The sum of these ten major industrial activities concentrated 72.3% of the total sales value of industrial products and services in 2017.

The ten major products concentrated 1/5 of the industrial sales value.

In the ranking of the ten biggest products in relation to sales in 2017, diesel fuel remained the leader with R$63.7 billion and share of 2.8% of the total, followed by crude petroleum oil (R$60.8 billion and 2.6% of share), iron ore (R$59.5 billion and 2.6%), cars with engine power from 1,500 to 3,000 cm3 (R$48.5 billion and 2.1%). Together, the ten major products (table below) accounted for 19.1% of the sales value in 2017.

Ten biggest industrial products and/or services. according to the sales value - Brazil - 2016/2017
Prodlist Code Product Description Ranking Amount of Information Sales Value
2016 2017 2016 2017 (1000R$ nominal) Share (%)
2016 2017 2016 2017
1921,2100 Diesel fuel 1 1 15 15 74,443,868 63,658,155 3.4 2.8
0600,2030 Crude petroleum oil 4 2 49 52 42,752,129 60,772,776 2.0 2.6
0710,2015 Iron ores and their concentrates, crude or processed (classified, concentrated, crushed, etc.), except pelleted or sinterized 6 3 55 59 39,837,938 59,486,508 1.8 2.6
2910,2010 Passenger cars, jeeps or pick-up trucks, with gasoline, ethanol or biofuel engine, of displacement higher than 1,500 cm3 and lower or equal to 3,000 cm3, including CKD (completely knocked down) 7 4 17 19 39,196,611 48,492,442 1.8 2.1
1011,2030 Fresh or cooled beef 2 5 346 379 46,080,484 48,193,909 2.1 2.1
1921,2050 Motor gasoline or other kind, except for aviation 5 6 15 15 42,140,230 39,724,481 1.9 1.7
1931,2030 Denatured ethyl alcohol (ethanol), with alcohol content in volume greater than or equal to 80% anhydrous or hydrated, for fuel use 3 7 308 265 43,994,586 36,706,504 2.0 1.6
1041,2120 Cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues of soybean oil extraction 8 8 86 95 29,711,260 28,415,803 1.4 1.2
1012,2030 Frozen poultry meat or giblets 9 9 185 189 28,139,149 28,369,779 1.3 1.2
1071,2040 VHP sugar (very high polarization) 10 10 162 166 27,375,130 27,239,645 1.3 1.2
  Other Products and Services     88,500 89,995 1,750,558,962 1,863,852,149 80.9 80.9
Total       89,738 91,249 2,164,230,347 2,304,912,151 100.0 100.0
Source: IBGE, Pesquisa Industrial Anual - Produto 2016/2017. (1) Number of local units that reported the product.

100 major products concentrate half of sales value

Among the nearly 3,400 industrial products investigated by PIA in 2017, those 100 with the highest sales value concentrated 53.0% (or R$1.2 trillion) of the total revenue of the local units of the industrial enterprises with 30 and more employed persons.

Among these products, those that mostly gained positions in the ranking in relation to 2016 were: medicines based on heterocyclic compounds, which rose from the 154th to the 100th position, parts and pieces for computers (from the 132nd to the 82nd),pig iron (from the 127th to the 91st), powdered milk (from the 95th to the 63rd) and hot-rolled carbon steel coils (from the 119th to the 94th), as shown in the table below.

Biggest position gains in the ranking of the 100 biggest industrial products and/or services, according to the sales value
Brazil 2016/2017
Prodlist Code Product Description Ranking Amount of Information Number of gained positions 2016/2017 Sales Value
2016 2017 2016 2017 (1000R$ nominal)
2016 2017
2121,2340 Medicines based on heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen heteroatoms only - except dipyrone, captopril and loratadine. 154 100 41 44 54 2,407,359 3,922,633
2622,2065 Parts and pieces for computers and their peripheral units 132 82 68 69 50 2,804,131 4,843,645
2411,2010 Pig iron 127 91 40 48 36 2,926,402 4,424,058
1052,2160 Powdered, tablet or granule milk 95 63 58 76 32 3,596,683 5,962,788
2422,2010 Uncoated cold-rolled carbon steel coils 119 94 6 14 25 3,017,180 4,296,643
2910,2140 Vehicles for transportation of goods – single or double-cab pick ups, etc. –, with diesel engine, with maximum load capacity not above 5 tonnes, including CKD 103 80 8 7 23 3,322,085 4,962,270
2945,2080 Wire set for spark plugs and other electric wiring for motor vehicles 121 99 51 52 22 3,008,025 4,040,351
1042,2080 Refined soybean oil 73 52 52 45 21 5,213,098 7,655,993
2121,2305 Medicines containing mixed or non-mixed products, n.s. 72 51 93 111 21 5,261,674 7,845,745
0710,2030 Pelleted or sintered iron ore 44 24 10 14 20 7,718,833 11,883,696
  Total of the 100 biggest products           1,135,289,268 1,221,489,197
Source: IBGE, Pesquisa Industrial Anual - Produto 2016/2017. (1) Number of local units that reported the product.

On the other hand, the five products that mostly lost position in relation to 2016 were: fungicides for use in agriculture (from the 31st to the 72nd position), vehicles for transportation of goods with gasoline and/or alcohol engine, of maximum load capacity not above 5 t (from the 24th to the 58th), compound portland cement (from the 36th to the 65th), boxes or other folded cartons of paperboard or cardboard, printed (from the 52nd to the 78th) and concrete mass for construction (from the 65th to the 84th).

Biggest position losses in the ranking of the 100 biggest industrial products and/or services, according to the sales value - Brazil 2016/2017
Prodlist Code Product Description Ranking Amount of Information Number of positions lost 2016/2017 Sales Value
2016 2017 2016 2017 (1000R$ nominal)
2016 2017
2051,2110 Fungicides for use in agriculture 31 72 32 30 41 8,951,172 5,403,720
2910,2130 Vehicles for transportation of goods – single or double-cab pick ups, etc. –, with gasoline and/or alcohol engine, with maximum load capacity not above 5 t, including CKD 24 58 6 7 34 11,481,308 6,758,814
2320,2040 Compound Portland cement (CP - II) 36 65 65 75 29 8,225,663 5,833,737
1732,2010 Boxes and other folded cartons of paperboard or cardboard, printed 52 78 74 81 26 6,813,268 5,149,158
2330,2100 Concrete mass for construction; ready-mix concrete 65 84 663 615 19 5,773,149 4,752,687
2441,2110 Unwrought aluminum alloys (ingots, plates, grits, etc.) 79 98 29 37 19 4,731,054 4,168,103
2013,2060 Mineral or chemical manure and fertilizers, phosphate 40 56 49 46 16 8,035,200 6,991,686
2442,2075 Gold (including platinum gold), crude, semi-manufactured or powdered, for non-monetary use 49 64 27 32 15 7,393,963 5,916,227
1210,2010 Totally or partially-stripped tobacco leaves (stripping and other processing produced in industrial units) 58 71 22 22 13 6,278,065 5,504,949
1531,2010 Women footwear with the top side in natural leather (shoes, sport shoes, boots, sandals, slippers, etc.) - except sneakers, safety shoes and sneakers for casual use 77 87 279 272 10 4,776,287 4,529,484
  Total of the 100 biggest products           1,135,289,268 1,221,489,197
Source: IBGE, Pesquisa Industrial Anual - Produto 2016/2017.                                     (1) Number of local units that reported the product.

Compared with 2016, the industrial sectors that mostly gained share in the total sales were motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (1.1 percentage points), extraction of metallic minerals (1.0 p.p.), extraction of petroleum and natural gas (0.7 p.p.) and basic metals (0.5 p.p.). Conversely, coke, petroleum products and biofuels (-1.0 percentage point), chemicals (-0.8 p.p.), other transportation equipment (-0.5 p.p.) and non-metallic mineral products (-0.3 p.p.) were the activities that mostly lost share.

Iron ore, TVs and cell phones concentrate 30% of sales in North Region

In the North and Central-West Regions and, less intensely, in the other regions, the industry remained concentrated on the major industrial products. In the North Region, iron ores (16.2%), televisions (7.0%) and cell phones (6.7%) registered the biggest shares and accounted for 30.0% of the total sales in that region.

Share (%) of the three major products in the sales value in the Major Regions in 2017
Major Regions Sales Value (%)
1st Industrial Product 2nd Industrial Product 3rd Industrial Product % of the 3 major products in the total Region
Product description % of the total Region Product description % of the total Region Product description % of the total Region
North Iron ores  16.2 Televisions  7.0 Cell phones 6.7 30.0
Northeast Cars with 1,500 to 3,000 engine power 4.7 Diesel fuel 4.6 Pulp 2.8 12.1
Southeast Crude petroleum oil 4.7 Diesel fuel 2.7 Iron ores 2.6 10.0
South Frozen poultry meat or giblets 3.5 Diesel fuel 3.0 Cars with engine power less than or equal to 1,000 cm3 2.1 8.6
Central-West Fresh or cooled beef 12.9 Cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues of soybean oil extraction 8.8 Cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues of soybean oil extraction 7.3 29.0
Source: IBGE, Pesquisa Industrial Anual - Produto 2017.

In the Central-West, the highlights were fresh or cooled beef (12.9%), cakes, bagasses, crumbs and other residues from soybean oil extraction (8.8%) and denatured ethyl alcohol (ethanol) for fuel use (7.3%), which accounted for 29.0% of the sales. In the Northeast, the highlights were cars with 1,500 to 3,000 engine power (4.7%), diesel fuel (4.6%) and pulp (2.8%), which corresponded to 12.1% of the total revenue.

In the Southeast, most industrialized region in Brazil with more than half of the total sales and where the largest oil fields in Brazil are located, the three major products, crude petroleum oil (4.7%), diesel fuel (2.7%) and iron ore (2.6%), added up to 10.0% of the total sales revenue.

Finally, the the three leading products in the South Region were frozen poultry and giblets (3.5%), diesel fuel (3.0%) and cars with engine power below 1,000 cm3 (2.1%), which reached 8.6% of the sales value.