February 08, 2019 | Last Updated: February 08, 2019 05:17:46 PM

In 2018, output of industry increases in 11 of the 15 areas surveyed

In the end of 2018, there was increase in 11 of the 15 areas surveyed, the main highlight being Pará (9.6%), Rio Grande do Sul (5.5%), Amazonas (5.2%), Pernambuco (4.1%) and Santa Catarina (4.0%). Paraná (1.8%) and Rio de Janeiro (1.8%) also recorded increases above the average of industry (1.1%). Other areas with positive rates were São Paulo (0.8%), Bahia (0.8%), Ceará (0.4%) and Northeast Region (0.2%). The main decreases were those of Goiás (-4.5%), followed by Minas Gerais (-1.0%), Espírito Santo (-0.9%) and Mato Grosso (-0.1%).

From November to December 2018, there was slight increase of 0.2% in the national output of industry, with positive rates in seven of the fifteen areas, in the seasonally adjusted series. The biggest increases were those of Goiás (10.5%), Rio de Janeiro (4.3%) and Amazonas (4.0%), but Mato Grosso (1.9%), São Paulo (1.4%), Minas Gerais (0.7%) and Paraná (0.2%) also recorded positive results. On the other hand, in the same comparison, the most significant decreases were those of Pernambuco (-5.1%), Northeast Region (-4.9%) and Rio Grande do Sul (-3.6%). Santa Catarina (-2.7%), Espírito Santo (-1.7%), Pará (-1.5%), Ceará (-1.4%) and Bahia (-1.2%) also recorded negative indexes. The support material for the Monthly Survey of Industry - Regional Output (PIM Regional) can be found on the right.

Short-Term INdicators of Industry  
Regional Results
December 2018
Areas  Change (%)
December 2018 / November 2018* December 2018 / December 2017 Cumulative in January-December Cumulative in the last 12 months
Amazonas 4.0 -5.0 5.2 5.2
Pará -1.5 6.1 9.6 9.6
Northeast Region  -4.9 -6.0 0.2 0.2
Ceará -1.4 -3.0 0.4 0.4
Pernambuco -5.1 -7.6 4.1 4.1
Bahia -1.2 1.3 0.8 0.8
Minas Gerais 0.7 1.8 -1.0 -1.0
Espírito Santo -1.7 3.4 -0.9 -0.9
Rio de Janeiro 4.3 -0.6 1.8 1.8
São Paulo 1.4 -5.2 0.8 0.8
Paraná 0.2 0.6 1.8 1.8
Santa Catarina -2.7 -1.3 4.0 4.0
Rio Grande do Sul -3.6 -2.5 5.5 5.5
Mato Grosso 1.9 -2.3 -0.1 -0.1
Goiás 10.5 1.1 -4.5 -4.5
Brazil 0.2 -3.6 1.1 1.1
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria
* Seasonally adjusted series

 Also in the seasonally adjusted series, the quarterly moving average index of industry increased 0.2% in the quarter ended December 2018 against the previous year, after recording decrease in September (-1.0%), October (-0,8%) and November (-0.6%). In regional terms, five areas recorded positive rates, the main highlights being Amazonas (4.1%), São Paulo (0.9%) and Minas Gerais (0.8%). On the other hand, Pernambuco (-6.4%), Northeast Region (-2.7%), Rio Grande do Sul (-2.0%), Pará (-1.9%) and Ceará (-1.4%) recorded the main decreases in December 2018.

In comparison with the same month 2017, industry recorded a decrease of 3.6% in December 2018, with negative rates in nine of the fifteen areas surveyed. It is worth mentioning that December 2018 (20 days) had the same number of business days as in December 2017 (20).

In the month, Pernambuco (-7.6%), Northeast Region (-6.0%), São Paulo (-5.2%) and Amazonas (-5.0%) recorded the most significant decreases, mainly due to the sectors of food products (VHP and granulated sugar), in Pernambuco; motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (cars), food products (crystallized and VHP sugar) and other chemicals (urea, non-saturated ethylene and ammonia), in the Northeast Region; motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (cars) and food products (granulated and VHP sugar, concentrated orange juice and sugar cane molasses), in São Paulo; and computer equipment, electronic and optical products (television sets and portable personal computers – laptopsnotebooks, tablets and the like), in Amazonas.

Ceará (-3.0%), Rio Grande do Sul (-2.5%), Mato Grosso (-2.3%), Santa Catarina (-1.3%) and Rio de Janeiro (-0.6%) also recorded negative rates in December. On the other hand, Pará (6.1%) and Espírito Santo (3.4%) accounted for the most significant increases in December 2018, due to the positive performance of mining and quarrying industry (crude or processed iron ore), in Pará; and mining and quarrying industry (pelletized or sintered iron ore) and basic metals (carbon -steel hot-rolled coil uncoated, and ingots, blocks, carbon steel ingots, blocks, rods or plates), in Espírito Santo. Minas Gerais (1.8%), Bahia (1.3%), Goiás (1.1%) and Paraná (0.6%) also recorded positive rates in December this month.

The cumulative index in the period October-December 2018, against the same period in 2017, there were decreases in Pernambuco (from 13.8% to -2.7%), Rio de Janeiro (from 3.0 to -3.1%), Mato Grosso (from 2.9% to -2.5%), Northeast Region (from 3.0% to -1.6%), Pará (from 13.0% to 9.0%), Paraná (from 4.6% to 0.7%), Goiás (from -4.1% to -7.9%) and Rio Grande do Sul (from 12.2% to 8.6%). On the other hand, Amazonas (from -5.5% to -1.3%), Bahia (from -0.1% to 2.7%) and Minas Gerais (from -1.2% to 1.0%) accounted for the main decreases between the two periods.

In terms of the cumulative index in the year, eleven areas surveyed recorded decreased, the main highlights being the increases in Pará (9.6%), Rio Grande do Sul (5.5%), Amazonas (5.2%), Pernambuco (4.1%) and Santa Catarina (4.0%). Paraná (1.8%) and Rio de Janeiro (1.8%) also recorded increases above the average of industry (1.1%). Other places with positive results were São Paulo (0.8%), Bahia (0.8%), Ceará (0.4%) and Northeast Region (0.2%).

That performance was particularly influenced by the increased expansion of capital goods (mainly those for the transportation sector, for construction, for agriculture and for mixed use); of intermediate goods (iron ore, pulp, diesel, naphtha for petrochemical industry, steel industry, soybean extraction products, syrup preparations for the elaboration of beverages for industrial use, tires for trucks and buses, pieces and accessories for the car industry, packages and rubber and plastic products); of durable consumer goods (cars and brown goods); and semi and non-durable consumer goods (frozen, fresh or cooled beef, textiles, ethyl alcohol, medicines and toiletries, soaps, cleaning and personal hygiene products).

On the other hand, Goiás (-4.5%) accounted for the main decrease in the cumulative index in the year, mainly due to the negative behavior of coke, petroleum products and biofuels (ethyl alcohol), food products (granulated and VHP sugar) and motor vehicles, trailers and bodies (cars). Minas Gerais (-1.0%), Espírito Santo (-0.9%) and Mato Grosso (-0.1%) also recorded negative rates in this indicator.

The cumulative index in twelve months (1.1% in December 2018) remaied on a downward trend against the results in July (3.3%), August (3.1%), September (2.7%), October (2.3%) and November (1.8%). In regional terms, eleven of the fifteen areas surveyed recorded positive rates in December 2018, but other eleven accounted for low dynamism against the indexes of last November. The main decelerating results between November and December 2018 were those of Amazonas (from 6.8% to 5.2%), Pernambuco (from 5.3% to 4.1%), São Paulo (from 1.9% to 0.8%), Mato Grosso (from 0.5% to -0.1%), Rio de Janeiro (from 2.4% to 1.8%), Santa Catarina (from 4.4% to 4.0%) and Northeast Region (from 0.6% to 0.2%), whereas Espírito Santo (from -1.6% to -0.9%) recorded the biggest increase.