January 11, 2019 | Last Updated: January 17, 2019 04:04:21 PM

National Index of Civil Construction changes 0.22% in December and closes 2018 at 4.41%

The National Index of Civil Construction - Sinapi changed 0.22% in December, standing 0.02 percentage points (p.p.) below the November´s rate (0.24%). As a result, the index closed 2018 at 4.41%, standing 0.59 percentage points above the 2017 rate (3.82%). The index had been 0.18% in December 2017.
The support material of this release is on the right side.

The national cost of construction per square meter was at R$1,111.41 in November and changed to R$1,113.88 in December, of which R$579.33 were relative to materials and R$534.55 referred to labor force.

The parcel of materials changed 0.45%, rising 0.09 p.p. (percentage points) over the previous month (0.36%) and 0.14 p.p. over December 2017 (0.31%).

On the other hand, the value of labor force retreated (-0.02%), standing below the rates recorded in November (0.11%) and December 2017 (0.22%). Deflation also happened in three states: Sergipe (-0.12%), São Paulo (-0.29%) and the Federal District (-0.57%). In December 2017, only the rate of Espírito Santo (-0.62%) had been negative.

In the cumulative results of 2018, materials changed 6.30%, whereas the parcel of labor force hit 2.45%. In 2017, the parcel of materials had closed at 2.61% and labor force, at 5.17%.

South Region, highest result in December and North, highest cumulative rate in 2018

With rises in the parcels of labor force and materials in its three states, the South Region posted the highest regional change in December (0.50%). In the other regions the results were:  0.39% (North), 0.25% (Northeast), 0.07% (Southeast) and 0.23% (Central-West). In the cumulative index in the year, the North Regio registered the highest rate (5.30%).

Concerning the costs of construction, the values per square meter in December were:  
R$1,122.05 (North); R$1,037.37 (Northeast); R$1,158.29 (Southeast); R$1,157.34 (South) and R$1,124.32 (Central-West).

Acre records highest rise in December

Having changed 1.24% in the parcel of materials and having remained stable (0.0%) in the parcel of labor force, Acre recorded the highest rate among the Federation Units in December (0.69%).

NATIONAL SYSTEM OF SURVEY OF COSTS AND INDEXES OF CIVIL CONSTRUCTION

December 2018 taking into account the exemption in the payroll of the enterprises of the civil construction sector


GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
AVERAGE COSTS INDEX NUMBERS PERCENTAGE CHANGES
R$/m2 JUN/94=100 MONTHLY IN THE YEAR 12 MONTHS
BRAZIL              1113.88 557.48 0.22 4.41 4.41
NORTH REGION        1122.05 559.10 0.39 5.30 5.30
Rondonia            1154.81 643.82 0.31 3.95 3.95
Acre                1233.68 654.87 0.69 4.97 4.97
Amazonas            1084.24 530.89 0.26 5.16 5.16
Roraima             1174.34 487.67 0.60 5.64 5.64
Para                1113.23 533.59 0.48 6.26 6.26
Amapa               1088.67 528.80 0.15 3.31 3.31
Tocantins           1161.34 610.61 0.20 3.53 3.53
NORTHEAST REGION     1037.37 560.38 0.25 4.58 4.58
Maranhão            1067.74 562.45 0.21 5.07 5.07
Piaui               1055.20 701.20 0.34 4.08 4.08
Ceara               1035.47 598.03 0.20 4.22 4.22
Rio Grande do Norte 1024.77 516.56 -0.04 6.31 6.31
Paraiba             1085.18 600.09 0.23 4.58 4.58
Pernambuco          1013.57 541.93 0.16 3.77 3.77
Alagoas             1022.21 510.76 0.28 3.50 3.50
Sergipe             969.37 515.13 0.35 3.70 3.70
Bahia               1034.79 547.74 0.40 5.07 5.07
SOUTHEAST REGION      1158.29 554.50 0.07 4.20 4.20
Minas Gerais        1041.74 573.25 0.02 4.17 4.17
Espirito Santo      1013.29 562.01 0.01 4.28 4.28
Rio de Janeiro      1224.98 558.25 0.11 2.65 2.65
São Paulo           1213.25 547.97 0.08 4.77 4.77
REGIÃO SUL          1157.34 553.50 0.50 4.70 4.70
Parana              1131.77 541.25 0.45 4.94 4.94
Santa Catarina      1247.88 675.99 0.51 3.86 3.86
Rio Grande do Sul   1113.03 505.18 0.58 5.17 5.17
CENTRAL-WEST REGION 1124.32 573.97 0.23 3.80 3.80
Mato Grosso do Sul 1092.69 513.83 0.10 3.09 3.09
Mato Grosso         1126.15 642.55 0.47 4.36 4.36
Goias               1096.67 579.34 0.24 2.56 2.56
Federal District   1182.17 522.04 -0.02 5.28 5.28
SOURCE: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Índices de Preços.
NOTE: These results are calculated monthly by the IBGE in partnership with CAIXA – Caixa Econômica Federal.

NATIONAL SYSTEM OF SURVEY OF COSTS AND INDEXES OF CIVIL CONSTRUCTION

December 2018, not taking into account the exemption in the payroll of the enterprises of the civil construction sector


GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
AVERAGE COSTS INDEX NUMBERS PERCENTAGE CHANGES
R$/m2 JUN/94=100 MONTHLY IN THE YEAR 12 MONTHS
BRAZIL              1195.88 598.23 0.19 4.26 4.26
NORTH REGION        1198.56 597.30 0.37 5.11 5.11
Rondonia            1231.57 686.63 0.29 3.74 3.74
Acre                1317.71 699.41 0.64 4.87 4.87
Amazonas            1159.52 567.99 0.25 5.15 5.15
Roraima             1263.76 524.76 0.55 5.57 5.57
Para                1187.95 569.19 0.45 5.92 5.92
Amapa               1161.26 563.86 0.15 3.15 3.15
Tocantins           1241.11 652.58 0.19 3.44 3.44
NORTHEAST REGION     1108.42 598.65 0.19 4.34 4.34
Maranhão            1140.40 600.95 0.17 4.94 4.94
Piaui               1124.81 747.35 0.32 4.00 4.00
Ceara               1102.90 636.59 0.19 3.95 3.95
Rio Grande do Norte 1094.76 551.70 -0.04 6.09 6.09
Paraiba             1157.45 640.20 0.22 4.32 4.32
Pernambuco          1081.62 578.10 -0.13 3.34 3.34
Alagoas             1091.44 545.40 0.38 3.41 3.41
Sergipe             1036.78 551.04 0.32 3.62 3.62
Bahia               1109.88 587.08 0.37 4.85 4.85
SOUTHEAST REGION      1249.19 597.73 0.05 4.07 4.07
Minas Gerais        1117.62 614.91 0.02 4.08 4.08
Espirito Santo      1087.44 603.24 0.01 4.07 4.07
Rio de Janeiro      1324.45 603.96 0.09 2.58 2.58
São Paulo           1311.07 592.17 0.05 4.66 4.66
REGIÃO SUL          1247.48 596.46 0.48 4.61 4.61
Parana              1223.66 585.09 0.42 4.86 4.86
Santa Catarina      1349.09 730.71 0.49 3.82 3.82
Rio Grande do Sul   1189.56 540.06 0.58 5.03 5.03
CENTRAL-WEST REGION 1201.37 613.30 0.20 3.67 3.67
Mato Grosso do Sul 1167.48 548.56 0.09 3.06 3.06
Mato Grosso         1206.48 688.23 0.44 4.28 4.28
Goias               1170.56 617.84 0.20 2.32 2.32
Federal District  1260.80 556.87 -0.05 4.99 4.99
SOURCE: IBGE. Diretoria de Pesquisas. Coordenação de Índices de Preços. 
NOTE: These results are calculated monthly by the IBGE in partnership with CAIXA – Caixa Econômica Federal.