In October, industry rises in 5 of 15 places surveyed

December 07, 2018 09h00 AM | Last Updated: December 07, 2018 03h36 PM

With the slight increase of 0.2% in the national industry in the seasonally-adjusted series, only five out of the 15 places surveyed registered positive rates between September and October 2018. The most intense increases were recorded in Amazonas (12.4%) and Santa Catarina (4.4%). Espírito Santo (1.9%), Bahia (1.1%) and Minas Gerais (1.1%) were the other places with positive figures this month.

Having reduced 10.1%, Pernambuco reported the biggest drop this month. Mato Grosso (-2.7%), Ceará (-2.6%), Paraná (-2.5%), Pará (-2.5%), Rio Grande do Sul (-2.1%), the Northeast Region (-1.9%), Goiás (-1.0%) and Rio de Janeiro
(-0.8%) also retreated in October 2018. As the most diversified industrial park in Brazil, São Paulo (0.0%) registered a null change.

The support material of the Monthly Industrial Survey Regional - PIM-PF Regional can be accessed on the right side of this page.

Short-term Indicators of Industry - Regional Results - October 2018

Places Change (%)
October 2018 / September 2018* October 2018 / October 2017 Cumulative January-October Cumulative in the Last 12 Months
Amazonas 12.4 1.9 6.9 7.0
Pará -2.5 12.9 10.1 9.9
Northeast Region -1.9 2.6 1.1 1.1
Ceará -2.6 1.5 0.4 0.8
Pernambuco -10.1 4.7 6.8 6.5
Bahia 1.1 7.1 0.9 0.9
Minas Gerais 1.1 1.8 -1.3 -1.1
Espírito Santo 1.9 5.3 -1.8 -1.8
Rio de Janeiro -0.8 -3.1 2.8 3.4
São Paulo 0.0 -2.8 1.8 2.8
Paraná -2.5 1.2 2.0 2.0
Santa Catarina 4.4 7.8 4.4 4.7
Rio Grande do Sul -2.1 14.8 5.6 4.8
Mato Grosso -2.7 -3.0 0.3 0.9
Goiás -1.0 -6.5 -3.5 -1.4
Brazil 0.2 1.1 1.8 2.3
Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de Indústria
* Seasonally-adjusted series

Still in the seasonally-adjusted series, the quarterly moving average for the whole industry retreated 0.7% in the quarter ended in October 2018 against the previous month. In regional terms, nine places registered negative rates, highlighted by the most intense declines reported in Paraná (-1.8%), São Paulo (-1.6%), Pernambuco (-1.4%) and the Northeast Region (-0.8%). On the other hand, Ceará (0.8%) and Espírito Santo (0.7%) recorded the major advances in October 2018.

Compared with October 2017, the industry expanded 1.1% in October 2018, with 11 out of the 15 places surveyed posting positive rates. It is worth mentioning that October 2018 (22 days) had one more business day than the same month in the prior year (21).

This month, Rio Grande do Sul (14.8%) and Pará (12.9%) registered the steepest advances, leveraged, to a great extent, by the growth in the sectors of motor vehicles, trailers and bodies, pulp, paper and paper products, and fabricated metal products in the first place; and of mining and quarrying industries in the second.

Santa Catarina (7.8%), Bahia (7.1%), Espírito Santo (5.3%), Pernambuco (4.7%), the Northeast Region (2.6%), Amazonas (1.9%), Minas Gerais (1.8%), Ceará (1.5%) and Paraná (1.2%) also recorded positive rates above the national average (1.1%).

Conversely, Goiás (-6.5%) posted the most intense retreat, mainly pressed by the drops in coke, petroleum products and biofuels, motor vehicles, trailers and bodies, and other chemicals. Rio de Janeiro (-3.1%), Mato Grosso (-3.0%) and São Paulo (-2.8%) were the other places that registered negative rates this month.

In the cumulative period between January and October 2018 against the same period in 2017, 12 out of the 15 places surveyed rose, highlighted by the sharpest advances in Pará (10.1%), Amazonas (6.9%), Pernambuco (6.8%) and Rio Grande do Sul (5.6%). Santa Catarina (4.4%), Rio de Janeiro (2.8%) and Paraná (2.0%) also increased above the industry average (1.8%), whereas São Paulo (1.8%), the Northeast Region (1.1%), Bahia (0.9%), Ceará (0.4%) and Mato Grosso (0.3%) were the other places with positive figures. On the other hand, Goiás (-3.5%), Espírito Santo
(-1.8%) and Minas Gerais (-1.3%) declined in the cumulative index in the year.

Having advanced 2.3% in October 2018 in the the cumulative index over the last 12 months, the national industry lost pace against the results of July (3.3%), August (3.1%) and September (2.7%). In regional terms, 12 out of the 15 places surveyed registered positive rates in October 2018, though ten of them showed lower dynamism against the September´s indexes. Mato Grosso (from 3.3% to 0.9%), Goiás (from 0.2% to -1.4%), Rio de Janeiro (from 4.6% to 3.4%), Amazonas (from 7.9% to 7.0%), São Paulo (from 3.7% to 2.8%) and Ceará (from 1.4% to 0.8%) reported the major pace reductions between September and October, whereas Rio Grande do Sul (from 3.4% to 4,8%), Bahia (from 0.1% to 0.9%), Espírito Santo (from -2.5% to -1.8%) and Pernambuco (from 5.8% to 6.5%) had the major pace gains.