August 29, 2018 | Last Updated: August 29, 2018 04:15:49 PM

IBGE releases Population Estimates of municipalities for 2018

The IBGE released today the estimates of the resident population for the 5,570 Brazilian municipalities, based on the reference date of July 1, 2018. It was estimated that Brazil had 208.5 million inhabitants and a population growth rate of 0.82% between 2017 and 2018.

The municipality of São Paulo remained as the most populated in Brazil, with 12.2 million inhabitants, followed by Rio de Janeiro (6.7 million inhabitants), Brasília and Salvador (about 3.0 million inhabitants each). Seventeen Brazilian municipalities had a population greater than 1 million inhabitants, adding up to 45.7 million inhabitants or 21.9% of the whole population of Brazil. Serra da Saudade (MG) was the less populated Brazilian municipality (786 inhabitants), followed by Borá (SP), with 836 inhabitants, and Araguainha (MT), with 956 inhabitants.

In the ranking of the states, the three most populated were in the Southeast Region, whereas the five less populated were in the North Region. Adding up to 45.5 million inhabitants, the leader was the state of São Paulo, which concentrated 21.8% of the Brazilian population. Adding up to 576.6 thousand inhabitants, Roraima is the less populated state (0.3% of the whole population).

The estimates of the resident population for the Brazilian municipalities, with July 1, 2018 as the reference date, were computed based on the Population Projection (2018 Revision) released on July 25, 2018. This revision included the Venezuelan immigrants in the state of Roraima, 99% of them concentrated in the municipalities of Boa Vista and Pacaraima.

The municipal population estimates are one of the parameters used by the Brazilian Court of Audit to calculate the State and Municipal Revenue Sharing Fund and are key to compute a number of social, economic and demographic indicators. This annual release complies with article 102 of Law no. 8,443/1992 and with Complementary Law no. 143/2013.

The population of the municipalities was estimated by a mathematical procedure and was the result of the distribution of the population of the states, projected among their municipalities by demographic methods. The method is based on the projection of the state population and on the growth trend of the municipalities, outlined by the municipal population captured by the two most recent Population Censuses (2000 and 2010). The municipal estimates also incorporated changes in the municipal territory boundaries that took place after 2010.

The table containing the estimated population for each municipality was published in the Official Gazette - DOU today. The methodological note and population estimates for the 5,568 municipalities plus the Federal District and the State District of Fernando de Noronha, as well as for the 27 Federation Units can be seen on the right side.

In 2018, slightly more than half of the Brazilian population (57.0% or 118.9 million inhabitants) lives in only 5.7% of the municipalities (317), which were those with more than 100 thousand inhabitants.

The municipalities with more than 500 thousand inhabitants (46) concentrated 31.2% of the Brazilian population (64.9 million inhabitants). On the other hand, most of the Brazilian municipalities (68.4%) had up to 20 thousand inhabitants and accounted for only 15.4% of the Brazilian population (32.1 million inhabitants).                                           

MUNICIPALITIES WITH MORE THAN 1 MILLION INHABITANTS    

ORDER

FU

MUNICIPALITY

2018 POPULATION

1st

SP

São Paulo

                12,176,866

2nd

RJ

Rio de Janeiro

                  6,688,927

3rd

DF

Brasília

                  2,974,703

4th

BA

Salvador

                  2,857,329

5th

CE

Fortaleza

                  2,643,247

6th

MG

Belo Horizonte

                  2,501,576

7th

AM

Manaus

                  2,145,444

8th

PR

Curitiba

                  1,917,185

9th

PE

Recife

                  1,637,834

10th

GO

Goiânia

                  1,495,705

11th

PA

Belém

                  1,485,732

12th

RS

Porto Alegre

                  1,479,101

13th

SP

Guarulhos

                  1,365,899

14th

SP

Campinas

                  1,194,094

15th

MA

São Luís

                  1,094,667

16º

RJ

São Gonçalo

                  1,077,687

17th

AL

Maceió

                  1,012,382

TOTAL

45,748,378

% in relation to the whole Brazil

21.9%

TOTAL BRAZIL

208,494,900

Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas - DPE, Coordenação de População e Indicadores Sociais - COPIS.

Excluding the capitals, the ten most populated municipalities were Guarulhos (SP), Campinas (SP), São Gonçalo (RJ), Duque de Caxias (RJ), São Bernardo do Campo (SP), Nova Iguaçu (RJ), Santo André (SP), São José dos Campos (SP), Jaboatão dos Guararapes (PE) and Osasco (SP). 

MUNICIPALITIES WITH MORE THAN 500 THOUSAND INHABITANTS, EXCEPT CAPITALS    

ORDER

FU

MUNICIPALITY

2018 POPULATION

1st 

SP 

Guarulhos 

                     1,365,899

2nd 

SP 

Campinas 

                     1,194,094

3rd 

RJ 

São Gonçalo 

                     1,077,687

4th 

RJ 

Duque de Caxias 

                        914,383

5th 

SP 

São Bernardo do Campo 

                        833,240

6th 

RJ 

Nova Iguaçu 

                        818,875

7th 

SP 

Santo André 

                        716,109

8th 

SP 

São José dos Campos 

                        713,943

9th 

PE 

Jaboatão dos Guararapes 

                        697,636

10th 

SP 

Osasco 

                        696,850

11th 

SP 

Ribeirão Preto 

                        694,534

12th 

MG 

Uberlândia 

                        683,247

13th 

SP 

Sorocaba 

                        671,186

14th 

MG 

Contagem 

                        659,070

15th 

BA 

Feira de Santana 

                        609,913

16º 

SC 

Joinville 

                        583,144

17th 

GO 

Aparecida de Goiânia 

                        565,957

18th 

MG 

Juiz de Fora 

                        564,310

19th 

PR 

Londrina 

                        563,943

20th 

PA 

Ananindeua 

                        525,566

21st 

RJ 

Niterói 

                        511,786

22nd 

RJ 

Belford Roxo 

                        508,614

23rd 

ES 

Serra 

                        507,598

24th 

RS 

Caxias do Sul 

                        504,069

25th 

RJ 

Campos dos Goytacazes 

                        503,424

TOTAL

17,685,077

% in relation to the whole Brazil

8.5%

TOTAL BRAZIL

                 208,494,900

Source: IBGE, Diretoria de Pesquisas - DPE, Coordenação de População e Indicadores Sociais - COPIS.

Serra da Saudade (MG) was the less populated Brazilian municipality in 2018 – estimated at 786 inhabitants –, followed by Borá (SP), with 836 inhabitants, and Araguainha (MT), with 956 inhabitants. Those were the only three municipalities with less than one thousand inhabitants on July 1, 2018.

Among the Metropolitan Areas and Integrated Development Regions - RIDEs, the metropolitan area of São Paulo was the most populated, with 21.6 million inhabitants, followed by that of Rio de Janeiro (12.7 million inhabitants), Belo Horizonte (5.9 million inhabitants), and by the RIDE of the Federal District and Surroundings (4.3 million inhabitants). Among the RMs and RIDEs, 28 of them had a population above 1 million inhabitants and added up to 98.7 million inhabitants, accounting for 47.3% of the whole population.

The set of 27 capitals added up to 49.7 million inhabitants, representing 23.8% of the Brazilian population.

POPULATION OF THE CAPITALS IN DESCENDING ORDER OF POPULATION    

ORDER

FU

NAME OF THE MUNICIPALITY

2018 POPULATION

1st

SP

São Paulo

12,176,866

2nd

RJ

Rio de Janeiro

6,688,927

3rd

DF

Brasília

2,974,703

4th

BA

Salvador

2,857,329

5th

CE

Fortaleza

2,643,247

6th

MG

Belo Horizonte

2,501,576

7th

AM

Manaus

2,145,444

8th

PR

Curitiba

1,917,185

9th

PE

Recife

1,637,834

10th

GO

Goiânia

1,495,705

11th

PA

Belém

1,485,732

12th

RS

Porto Alegre

1,479,101

13th

MA

São Luís

1,094,667

14th

AL

Maceió

1,012,382

15th

MS

Campo Grande

885,711

16th

RN

Natal

877,640

17th

PI

Teresina

861,442

18th

PB

João Pessoa

800,323

19th

SE

Aracaju

648,939

20th

MT

Cuiabá

607,153

21st

RO

Porto Velho

519,531

22nd

AP

Macapá

493,634

23rd

SC

Florianópolis

492,977

24th

AC

Rio Branco

401,155

25th

RR

Boa Vista

375,374

26th

ES

Vitória

358,267

27th

TO

Palmas

291,855

TOTAL CAPITALS

49,724,699

% in relation to the whole Brazil

23.85%

TOTAL BRAZIL

208,494,900

Estimates took into account Venezuelan immigrants in Roraima

The 2018 revision of the population projections included the Venezuelan immigrants in the state of Roraima, who were distributed along some municipalities of the state. Boa Vista and Pacaraima concentrated 99% of those immigrants.