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2010 Census: Brazilian population amounts to 190,732,694 persons

November 29, 2010 10h00 AM | Last Updated: September 05, 2019 02h51 PM

After about four months of collection and supervision activities, throughout which 230 thousand persons – including 191 enumerators - have worked, the result of the 2010 Census presents a Brazilian population of 190,732,694 persons ...


After about four months of collection and supervision activities, throughout which 230 thousand persons – 191 enumerators have worked – the result of the 2010 Census presents a Brazilian population of 190,732,694 persons on the date of reference, August 01st. Compared to the 2000 Census, there has been increase by 20,933,524 persons. This figure indicates that population growth in Brazil in the period was 12.3%, below the figure recorded in the previous decade (15.6% between 1991 and 2000). The 2010 Census also shows that the population is more urban than 10 years ago. In 2000, 81% of the Brazilians lived in urban areas, versus 84% at present.


The Southeast remains as the most populated Major Region in Brazil, with 80,353,724 persons.  Between 2000 and 2010, there was decrease of participation of the Southeast Region (from 42.8% to 42.1%), Northeast Region (from 28.2% to 27.8%) and South Region (from 14.8% to 14.4%). On the contrary, there was increase of percentage in the Brazilian population in  the North (from 7.6% to 8.3%) and Central West (from 6.9% to 7.4%).


Among the Federation Units, São Paulo is the leader, with 41,252,160 persons.  On the other hand, Roraima is the least populated state, with 451,227 persons.  There have been changes in the ranking of major municipalities in the country, with changes in the position of Brasília (from 6th to 4th) and Manaus (from 9th to 7th). The opposite happened in Belo Horizonte (from 4th to 6thº), Curitiba (from 7th to 8th) and Recife (from 8th to 9th).


These results show that there are 95.9 men per 100 women, that is, there are 3.9 million more women than men in Brazil. In 2000, for each 100 women, there were 96.6 men.  The Brazilian population is formed by 97,342,162 women and 93,390,532 men.


Among the municipalities, the one with the biggest percentage of men was Balbinos (SP). The one with the biggest percentage of women was Santos (SP). The 2010 Census also shows that there were 23,760 Brazilians aged more than 100 years.  Bahia is the Federation to have more Brazilians aged more one hundred years and over (3,525), São Paulo (3,146) and Minas Gerais (2,597).


The Population Census comprised a tiring survey of all the households in Brazil. A total 67.6 million households were visited and at least a resident provided information about all the residents of each one of them.  Starting on November 4th, IBGE worked on the supervision and quality control of all the material collected, in partnership with the State Census Commissions (CCE) and the Municipal Geography and Statistics Commissions (CMGE)  in all the 27 Federation Units and in all the Brazilian municipalities. The commissions worked as a communication channel between IBGE and society and participated throughout the whole census operation.


A total 56.5 million out of the 67.7 million households enumerated, had residents interviewed.  Nine hundred one thousand households were classified as closed, that is, it was not possible to conduct interviews in them, but there was evidence of the presence of residents there.  IBGE used a methodology to estimate the number of persons living in these closed households.  This procedure is also adopted by official statistical agencies of countries such as United States of America, Canada, Australia, Mexico and New Zealand, and was previously applied in the 2007 population Count conducted by IBGE. The methodology consisted of attributing to each closed household the number of residents another household, one that had been initially classified as closed, and was later enumerated. The choice was random, considering the Federation Unit of location and the population size of the municipality, as well as its urban or rural status.


The Population Census also found 6.1 million empty households, that is, those which did not have any resident on the date of reference, although later, during the collection period, they were occupied. Houses for sale (or to be rented) or abandoned are examples of empty households.  Households for occasional use, which amounted to 3.9 million , are those that are occasionally used as a housing unit, for rest on the weekend, on vacation or others.  The number of collective households (hotels, pensions, prisons, barracks, military bases, orphanages, nunneries, worker’s lodgings, etc) was 110 thousand.  In 2000, among the total 54.2 million households, 45 million were occupied; 528 thousand, closed; 6 million were empty and 2.7 million were used occasionally.


Starting on August 2010, the 191 thousand enumerators traversed the 5,565 Brazilian municipalities and the interviews resulted in the population enumeration by means of three methods: face-to-face interview, questionnaire on the Internet and, finally, the estimation of the number of residents in closed households.


In summary, the 2010 Population Census consists of visits to all households and conduction of interviews.  IBGE thanks all participants from the State Census Commissions (CCE) and the Municipal Geography and Statistics Commissions (CMGE) and the population for the information provided.  IBGE hopes that all the data collected work as a basis for the public and private planning in favor of better conditions for the Brazilian society.


Amapá is a highlight in terms of population growth  


In spite of the participation decrease, the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro made up 40.28% of the total population in 2010 (versus the 40.82% in 2000). In tem years, the highlights in terms of population growth were Amapá (40.18%), Roraima (39.10%) and Acre (31.44%). On the other hand, the smallest percentages were found in Rio Grande do Sul (4.98%), Bahia (7.28%) and Paraná (9.16%).




Brasília and Manaus change positions among the 10 biggest municipalities


There were changes in the rankings of 10 most and least populated municipalities. On top of the list, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba and Recife lost positions in relation to figures in 2000. On the other hand, Brasília and Manaus reached better positions in the ranking of most populated municipalities.


Among the least populated municipalities, André da Rocha (RS) and Nova Castilho (SP) reached better positions.  Lavanderia, Rio da Conceição, Tupirama and Ipueiras, all of them located in the state of Tocantins, left the list of least populated municipalities; and were replaced by Miguel Leão (PI), Uru (SP), Cedro do Abaeté (MG), Araguainha (MT).



Urban population increases from 81.25% to 84.35%


In 2010, only 15.65% of the population (29,852,986 persons) lived in rural conditions, versus 84.35% in urban conditions (160,879,708 persons). Among the municipalities, 67 had 100% of their population living in urban conditions and 775 with more than 90% in this situation. On the other hand, only nine had more than 90% of their population living in urban conditions. In 2010, 81.25% of the Brazilian population (137,953,959 persons) lived in urban conditions and 18.5% (31,845,211 persons) in rural conditions. Among the municipalities, 56 had 100% of their population living in urban conditions and 523 with more than 90% in this situation. On the other hand, 38 had more than 90% living in rural conditions and the only municipality in the country where 100% of the population lived in rural conditions was Nova Ramada (RS).


In ten years, population doubled in 19 municipalities  


Since 2000, population more than doubled in 19 municipalities – and the main of these places was Balbinos (SP), with 199.47% of increase; in second place was Rio das Ostras (RJ), with 190.39%, and, in the third position, Pedra Branca do Amapari (AP), with 168.72%. The table below shows the compete list:



On the other hand, 1,520 municipalities recorded a population below that in 2000. The following table shows the five biggest decreases:


Most of the population is male in Balbinos (SP) In Santos (SP), women are the majority


In 2010, municipalities with a biggest proportion of men are:  Balbinos (SP), Pracinha (SP) and Lavínia (SP). The lists with the 10 biggest percentages of Censuses may be seen below:



Among municipalities with a bigger proportion of women some highlights are:  Santos (SP), Recife (PE) and São Caetano do Sul (SP). See the percentages in the tables below:




Other data may be seen on the IBGE web site,